Psycho-active Substances Use and Determining Factors among Regular Undergraduate Students of Dire-Dawa University, Eastern Ethiopia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 5, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages: 68-76
Received: Dec. 2, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 15, 2016; Published: Feb. 6, 2017
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Authors
Gemechis Tesso Kumburi, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Dire Dawa University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Atinafu Kebede Gelgile, Department of Life Sciences, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Dire Dawa University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Bedasa Tessema Hatehu, Department of Statistics, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Dire Dawa University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Dagne Tafa Gemechu, Department of Psychology, College of Social Science and Humanities, Dire Dawa University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Several studies indicate that use of psycho-active substances among Ethiopian youths is considerably rising particularly in universities. The use of psycho-active substances among youths can be harmful, leading to decreased academic performance, increased risk of exposure to sexually transmitted diseases, and psychiatric disorders such as lethargy, hopelessness and insomnia. The aim of this study was to investigate the magnitude and factors determining psycho-active substances use among regular undergraduate students of Dire-Dawa University. Cross-sectional study was conducted to explore the magnitude of self-reported psycho-active substance use and any association between these habits and the determinant factors among students of the Dire-Dawa University. Frequencies, proportion for categorical variables and cross-tabulations were used for data summarization. Binary Bivariate and Multivariate Logistic Regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with substance. Bivariate analysis was done, and variables with p-value less than 0.05 were used in the multivariate logistic regression analysis. Odds Ratio and 95% confidence intervals were also computed with the corresponding p-value.64.3% of respondents used psycho-active substances in their life time. The top three psycho-active substances used in last twelve months were alcohol (60%), khat (59.9%) and tobacco (56.5%). Through multivariate logistic regression analysis, being male, having peer influence, getting relief from stress, keeping alert while reading, using psycho-active substances (PAS) for recreational purpose, lacking of sufficient alternative means of recreation in the university campus, finding availability of PAS use centers around the university campus and using alcohol and cigarettes as a means of breaking the depression that ensues once the stimulation from khat has subsided significantly associated with PAS use. This study has revealed that psycho-active substances use among the undergraduate regular students of Dire Dawa University was higher than the findings of other similar studies conducted in public universities of Ethiopia. Being male, having peer influence, getting relief from stress, keeping alert while reading, using PAS for recreational purpose, lacking of sufficient alternative means of recreation in the university campus, finding availability PAS use centers around the university campus and using alcohol and cigarettes as a means of breaking the depression that ensues once the stimulation from khat has subsided were significantly associated with PAS use.
Keywords
Psycho-Active Substances Use, Khat, Alcohol, Tobacco Products, Cannabis Products
To cite this article
Gemechis Tesso Kumburi, Atinafu Kebede Gelgile, Bedasa Tessema Hatehu, Dagne Tafa Gemechu, Psycho-active Substances Use and Determining Factors among Regular Undergraduate Students of Dire-Dawa University, Eastern Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2017, pp. 68-76. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20170502.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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