Microbiological Assessment of Indoor Air of Takalar County Hospital Wards in South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2017, Pages: 172-177
Received: Jan. 12, 2017; Accepted: Feb. 20, 2017; Published: Mar. 9, 2017
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Authors
Muhammad Ikhtiar, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia
Herlina Alzad, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia
Swandari Paramita, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia
Yadi , Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia
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Abstract
Poor indoor air quality may lead to hospital acquired infection. Microbiological parameter is one of main standards of indoor air quality. The study objective was to investigate microbiological assessment of indoor air of different wards of Takalar County Hospital, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Four wards were used for sample collection and these included third, second, first and VIP class ward. Room air temperature, humidity, lighting and number of visitor were also observed. Passive air sampling technique using open Petri dishes containing different culture media was employed. Blood agar plate was used for the bacteria, while Sabouraud dextrose agar plates were used for the fungi. Samplings were done twice daily, one in the morning and other in the afternoon. Isolates were identified according to standard methods. Results show that there was second class ward recorded the highest bacterial growth (1,413 cfu/m3 in the afternoon). The bacteria isolates were Bacillus sp, Enterobacter sp, Staphylococcus aureus, and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Staphylococcus aureus was the predominantly isolated bacterium. For the conclusion, from the reduction noticed in the morning samples, stringent measures such as proper disinfection and regular cleaning, restriction of patient relatives’ movement in and out the wards need to be enforced so as to improve the quality of indoor air of hospital wards.
Keywords
Microbiological Assessment, Indoor Air, Hospital Wards
To cite this article
Muhammad Ikhtiar, Herlina Alzad, Swandari Paramita, Yadi , Microbiological Assessment of Indoor Air of Takalar County Hospital Wards in South Sulawesi, Indonesia, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2017, pp. 172-177. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20170503.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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