Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on Malaria Prevention and Control Among Private Security Guards Within Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State-Nigeria
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2017, Pages: 240-245
Received: Feb. 19, 2017; Accepted: Mar. 16, 2017; Published: Mar. 31, 2017
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Authors
Victor Oluwasanmi Amusan, Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Yahaya Abdullahi Umar, Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Philip Anthony Vantsawa, Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
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Abstract
An understanding of knowledge, attitudes and practices among different populations such as security guards temporarily outside the home due to occupational reasons are key determinants for policy makers in designing malaria prevention and control interventions. A survey on knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) on malaria prevention and control was conducted among two hundred and sixty-one (261) private security guards in Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State-Nigeria using a structured questionnaire. Data were analysed using SPSS version 20 while associations between variables were tested using a Chi-Square test with the level of statistical significance set at 5%. There were 253 (96.94%) respondents with a high knowledge score about malaria, 201 (78%) of respondents with a positive attitude and there were 192 (74%) of respondents with good malaria practices score. The majority (97.7%) of the respondents have heard about malaria before while 96.9% of respondents correctly associated mosquito as malaria vector. The radio serves the majority (93.1%) as their source of information about malaria. Wearing long-sleeved shirts, trimming of bushes and use of ITNs are the leading malaria prevention methods practised by the respondents. Statistically significant association between malaria practice scores and respondent’s age (p-value = 0.022), gender (p-value = 0.002) and level of education (p-value = 0.006) was reported. Respondent’s knowledge about malaria (p = 0.008) and attitude towards malaria (p = 0.020) were found to significantly influence their practices towards malaria. For sustainable implementation of malaria intervention programmes, good malaria practices in conjunction with high level of awareness by the respondents are quite significant. One of the methods for malaria control that leads to morbidity and mortality reduction is educational based teachings on understanding individual knowledge, attitudes and practices on malaria.
Keywords
Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, Malaria, Guards
To cite this article
Victor Oluwasanmi Amusan, Yahaya Abdullahi Umar, Philip Anthony Vantsawa, Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on Malaria Prevention and Control Among Private Security Guards Within Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State-Nigeria, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2017, pp. 240-245. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20170503.22
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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