Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on Malaria Prevention and Control Among Private Security Guards Within Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State-Nigeria
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2017, Pages: 240-245
Received: Feb. 19, 2017;
Accepted: Mar. 16, 2017;
Published: Mar. 31, 2017
Views 2149 Downloads 120
Victor Oluwasanmi Amusan, Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Yahaya Abdullahi Umar, Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Philip Anthony Vantsawa, Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
An understanding of knowledge, attitudes and practices among different populations such as security guards temporarily outside the home due to occupational reasons are key determinants for policy makers in designing malaria prevention and control interventions. A survey on knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) on malaria prevention and control was conducted among two hundred and sixty-one (261) private security guards in Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State-Nigeria using a structured questionnaire. Data were analysed using SPSS version 20 while associations between variables were tested using a Chi-Square test with the level of statistical significance set at 5%. There were 253 (96.94%) respondents with a high knowledge score about malaria, 201 (78%) of respondents with a positive attitude and there were 192 (74%) of respondents with good malaria practices score. The majority (97.7%) of the respondents have heard about malaria before while 96.9% of respondents correctly associated mosquito as malaria vector. The radio serves the majority (93.1%) as their source of information about malaria. Wearing long-sleeved shirts, trimming of bushes and use of ITNs are the leading malaria prevention methods practised by the respondents. Statistically significant association between malaria practice scores and respondent’s age (p-value = 0.022), gender (p-value = 0.002) and level of education (p-value = 0.006) was reported. Respondent’s knowledge about malaria (p = 0.008) and attitude towards malaria (p = 0.020) were found to significantly influence their practices towards malaria. For sustainable implementation of malaria intervention programmes, good malaria practices in conjunction with high level of awareness by the respondents are quite significant. One of the methods for malaria control that leads to morbidity and mortality reduction is educational based teachings on understanding individual knowledge, attitudes and practices on malaria.
Victor Oluwasanmi Amusan,
Yahaya Abdullahi Umar,
Philip Anthony Vantsawa,
Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on Malaria Prevention and Control Among Private Security Guards Within Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State-Nigeria, Science Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 5, No. 3,
2017, pp. 240-245.
WHO. (2006). Malaria vector control and personal protection: report of a WHO study group.
Krief, S., Escalante, A. A., Pacheco, M. A., Mugisha, L., André, C., Halbwax, M., and Cornejo, O. E. (2010). On the diversity of malaria parasites in African apes and the origin of Plasmodium falciparum from Bonobos. PLoS Pathogen, 6 (2).
Nonstrand, V. (1978). Malaria in Scientific Encyclopedia (6th ed.). Van Nonstrand Reinhold Company, New York, pp. 1812-1813.
Miller, S. A. and Marley, J. P. (1999). Zoology 4th Edition. WMC Brown Publishers, Debuque Lowa Melbourne, Australia. pp. 251-253.
WHO. (2015). World Malaria Report 2015. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
WHO. (2014). WHO Fact sheet. Available from: www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs094/en/.
Shimaponda-Mataa, N. M., Tembo-Mwase, E., Gebreslasie, M., and Mukaratirwa, S. (2016). Knowledge, attitudes and practices in the control and prevention of malaria in four endemic provinces of Zambia. Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1 (1): 1–11.
Karunamoorthi, K., & Kumera, A. (2010). Knowledge and health seeking behavior for malaria among the local inhabitants in an endemic area of Ethiopia: implications for control. Health, 2 (06): 575.
Chirebvu, E., Chimbari, M. J., and Ngwenya, B. N. (2013). Knowledge and practices on malaria in Tubu village, in a malaria-endemic area in northern Botswana: implications for interventions. Malaria World Journal, 4 (15): 1-9.
Ahorlu, C. K., Dunyo, S. K., Afari, E. A., Koram, K. A., and Nkrumah, F. K. (1997). Malaria‐related beliefs and behaviour in Southern Ghana: Implications for treatment, prevention and control. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 2 (5): 488-499.
Laver, S. M., Wetzels, J., and Behrens, R. H. (2001). Knowledge of malaria, risk perception, and compliance with prophylaxis and personal and environmental preventive measures in travelers exiting Zimbabwe from Harare and Victoria Falls International airport. Journal of Travel Medicine, 8 (6): 298-303.
Alaii, J. A., Van Den Borne, H. W., Kachur, S. P., Shelley, K., Mwenesi, H., Vulule, J. M.,... and Phillips-Howard, P. A. (2003). Community reactions to the introduction of permethrin-treated bed nets for malaria control during a randomized controlled trial in western Kenya. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 68 4 suppl): 128-136.
Obol, J., David Lagoro, K., and Christopher Garimoi, O. (2011). Knowledge and Misconceptions about Malaria among Pregnant Women in a Post-Conflict Internally Displaced Persons' Camps in Gulu District, Northern Uganda. Malaria research and treatment, 2011: 1-7.
Adebayo, A. M., Akinyemi, O. O., and Cadmus, E. O. (2015). Knowledge of malaria prevention among pregnant women and female caregivers of under-five children in rural southwest Nigeria. PeerJ, 3: e792.
Mohammed, M., Vantsawa, P. A, Abdullahi, U. Y. and Muktar, M. D. (2015). Nutritional Status and Prevalence of Intestinal Schistosomiasis among Al-majiri Population in Kawo District of Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State-Nigeria. Journal of Bacteriology and Parasitology, 6: 237-242.
Umaru, M. L., and Uyaiabasi, G. N. (2015). Prevalence of Malaria in Patients Attending the General Hospital Makarfi, Makarfi Kaduna–State, North-Western Nigeria. American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, 3 (1): 1-5.
Ahorlu, C. K., Koram, K. A., Arholu, C., De Savigny, D. and Weiss, M. G. (2006). Sociocultural determinants of treatment delay for childhood Malaria in southern Ghana. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 11 (7): 24-32.
Tatem, A. J., and Smith, D. L. (2010). International population movements and regional Plasmodium falciparum malaria elimination strategies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107 (27): 1222-1227.
Forero, D. A., Chaparro, P. E., Vallejo, A. F., Benavides, Y., Gutiérrez, J. B., Arévalo-Herrera, M., and Herrera, S. (2014). Knowledge, attitudes and practices of malaria in Colombia. Malaria Journal, 13 (1): 1.
Adegun Joel, A., Adegboyega, J. A., and Awosusi Ajoke, O. (2011). Knowledge and the preventive strategies of malaria among migrant farmers in Ado-Ekiti Local Government Area of Ekiti State, Nigeria. American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 2: 883–889.
Oyewole, I. O., and Ibidapo, A. C. (2007). Attitudes to malaria, prevention, treatment and management strategies associated with the prevalence of malaria in a Nigerian urban center. African Journal of Biotechnology, 6: 2424-2427.
Onyeaso, N. C., and Fawole, A. O. (2007). Perception and practice of malaria prophylaxis in pregnancy among health care providers in Ibadan. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 11 (2), 69-78.
WHO. (2000). World Health Organization. The Abuja Declaration on Roll Back Malaria in Africa. African Heads of States and Governments.
Hlongwana, K. W., Mabaso, M. L., Kunene, S., Govender, D., and Maharaj, R. (2009). Community knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) on malaria in Swaziland: a country earmarked for malaria elimination. Malaria Journal, 8 (1): 1.