Assessment of Knowledge and Perception Towards Modern Contraceptives Use Among Women of Reproductive Age in Mtwivila, Tanzania
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 335-340
Received: May 4, 2017;
Accepted: May 17, 2017;
Published: Jul. 13, 2017
Views 1819 Downloads 69
Peter Elia Mosha, Institute of Rural Development Planning, Dodoma, Tanzania
Christina Abel Mgimwa, Institute of Rural Development Planning, Dodoma, Tanzania
Stanslaus Mbonea Msuya, Institute of Rural Development Planning, Dodoma, Tanzania
This study was conducted in 2014 in Mtwivila, Tanzania. The objective of the study was to assess knowledge, perception and factors associated with use of modern contraceptive use among women. Simple random sampling technique was used to select a representative sample of 96 women aged 15-49 years. Data were collected through interviews, focus group discussions and documentary reviews. Findings show that knowledge of modern FP was almost universal (100% percent), although 79 (82.3 percent) claimed to have been using modern contraceptives methods. Much smaller proportion (17.7 percent) reported not to be using modern contraceptives during the time of interview. Most of the respondents (96%) had positive attitude on modern contraceptive use as 96 of all interviewed women stated contraceptives were effective for birth control and that they would recommend to a friend or a relative the use of modern contraceptive. However, 28% women reported having stopped using modern contraceptive of which 25% due to side effects. Chi-square confirmed the association of education, sources of information about contraceptives, occupation, household income, distance from the health center and husband's involvement with the use of contraceptives among women. It is concluded that there is a good level of knowledge and a positive perception towards contraceptive use among women of reproductive age. Men involvement during sensitization on family planning would be an effective strategy toward sexual and reproductive health promotion.
Peter Elia Mosha,
Christina Abel Mgimwa,
Stanslaus Mbonea Msuya,
Assessment of Knowledge and Perception Towards Modern Contraceptives Use Among Women of Reproductive Age in Mtwivila, Tanzania, Science Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 5, No. 4,
2017, pp. 335-340.
Michael, E. J. (2012). Use of contraceptives methods among women in stable marital relations attending health facilities in Kahama district, Shinyanga region, Tanzania.
United Nations (2015). Trends in Contraceptive Use Worldwide, (ST/ESA/SER. A/349).
Westoff, C. F. (2001). Unmet Need at the End of the Century. DHS Comparative Reports No. 1. Calverton, Maryland: ORC Macro.
Aryeetey, R., Kotoh, A. M & Hindin, M. J. (2010). Knowledge, Perceptions and Ever Use of Modern Contraception among Women in the Ga East District, Ghana. African Journal of Reproductive Health December 2010; 14 (4): 27.
United Republic of Tanzania (2010). Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey (TDHS), National Bureau of Statistics, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 1-451.
Kabagenyi, A., Jennings, L., Reid, A., Nalwadda, G., Ntozi, J., & Atuyambe, L. (2014). Barriers to male involvement in contraceptive uptake and reproductive health services: a qualitative study of men and women’s perceptions in two rural districts in Uganda. Reproductive Health DOI: 10.1186/1742-4755-11-21.
URT (2010). Tanzania Bureau of Statistics; Demographic Health Survey, Final Report 2010.
Cleland, J., Bernstein, S., Ezeh, A. I., Faundes, A., Glasier, A & Innis, J. (2006). Family Planning: The Unfinished Agenda, Journal Paper, Sexual and Reproductive Health, 3: 1-18.
Dabral, S & Malik, S. L. (2004). A demographic study of Gujjars of Delhi: IV. Kap of family planning. J. Hum. Ecol., 16 (4): 231-237.
Igwegbe, A., Ugboaja, J., & Monago, E. (2009). Prevalence and determinants of unmet need for family planning in Nnewi, South-east Nigeria. Int. J. Medic. Med. Sci., 1 (8): 325-329.
Burke, H. M. & Ambasa-Shisanya, C. (2011). A qualitative study of reasons for discontinuation of injectable contraceptives among users and salient reference groups in Kenya. Afr. J. Reprod, Health, 15 (2): 67-78.
Duze, M. & Mohamed, Z. I. (2006). Male knowledge, attitudes and family planning practices in northern Nigeria. Afr. J. Reprod. Health, 10 (3): 53-65.
Lwelamira, J., Mnyamagola, G & Msaki. M. M. (2012). Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) Towards Modern Contraceptives among Married Women of Reproductive Age in Mpwapwa District, Central Tanzania. Maxwell Scientific Organization. Current Research Journal of Social Sciences 4 (3): 235-24.
Amin, R., Shah, N. M & Becker, S. (2010). Socioeconomic factors differentiating maternal and child health-seeking behaviour in rural Bangladesh: A cross-sectional analysis. Int. J. Equity Health, 9: 9.
Marchant, T., Mushi, A. K., Nathan, R., Mukasa, O., Abdulla, S., Lengeler, C & Schellenerg, A. (2004). Planning a family: priorities and concerns in Rural Tanzania. African Journal of Reproductive Health. 8 (2): 111-124.