An Unhealthy, Obesogenic Lifestyle: A Case Study of Urban Primary School Children in Kwekwe, Zimbabwe
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 6, Issue 2, March 2018, Pages: 35-42
Received: Jan. 16, 2017;
Accepted: Apr. 1, 2017;
Published: Jan. 17, 2018
Views 2041 Downloads 113
Dube Adiele, Department of Emergency Medical Care, Emergency Medical Ambulances Services, Kwekwe, Zimbabwe
Gundani Patrick Morgan, Department of Sports Science and Coaching, Faculty of Applied Sciences, National University of Science and Technology, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
Lunga Mande Carolyne, Department of Journalism and Media Studies, Faculty of Communication and Information Sciences, National University of Science and Technology, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
Gundani Patrick Morgan,
Lunga Mande Carolyne,
An Unhealthy, Obesogenic Lifestyle: A Case Study of Urban Primary School Children in Kwekwe, Zimbabwe, Science Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 6, No. 2,
2018, pp. 35-42.
Mufunda E and Makuyana L Obesity: A Potential Pandemic for the 21st Century among the Youths in Zimbabwe. Journal of Diabetes Mellitus, 2016: 6; 136-145 http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jdm.2016.62014
Abrahams Z, De Villiers A, Steyn NP, et al. What’s in the lunchbox? Dietary behaviour of learners from disadvantaged schools in the Western Cape, South Africa. Public Health Nutrit. 2011; 14 (10): 1752-1758.
Cassim SB. Food and beverage marketing to children in South Africa: mapping the terrain. S Afr J Clin Nutr. 2010; 23 (4): 181-185.
Du Toit G, Van der Merwe MT. The epidemic of childhood obesity. S Afr Med J. 2003; 93 (1): 49-50.
Zimbabwe (2014) Nutrition Country Profile: Economics and Demography Child Anthropometry Adolescent and Adult Nutrition Status. www.globalnutritionreport.org
Prell, H. “Promoting dietary change. Intervening in school and recognizing health messages in commercials,” working paper, Faculty of Education, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg. 2010. 7 May.
Downs SM, Farmer A, Quintanilha M, Berry TR, Mager DR, Willows ND, McCargar LJ. From paper to practice: barriers to adopting nutrition guidelines in schools. JNEB 2012; 44 (2): 114-122.
International Association for the Study of Obesity [homepage on the Internet]. c2011. Available from: www.iaso.org
Wang Y, Lobstein T. Worldwide trends in childhood overweight and obesity. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2006; 1 (1): 11-25.
Lobstein T, Baur L, Uauy R. Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health. Obes Rev. 2004; 5 Suppl 1: 4-104.
Armstrong MEG, Lambert MI, Sharwood KA, Lambert EV. Obesity and overweight in South African primary school children: the Health of the Nation Study. S Afr Med J. 2006; 96 (5): 439-444
Kruger R, Kruger HS, Macintyre UE. The determinants of overweight and obesity among 10-to- 15-year-old schoolchildren in the North West Province, South Africa-the THUSA BANA (Transitional and Health during Urbanisation of South Africans; BANA, children) study. Publ Health Nutr. 2005; 9 (3): 351–358
St-Onge MP, Keller KL, Heymsfield SB. Changes in childhood food consumption patterns: a cause for concern in light of increasing body weights. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003; 78 (6): 1068-1073.
Birch LL, Ventura AK. Preventing childhood obesity: what works? In J Obes (Lond). 2009; 33 Suppl 1: S74-S81.
Story M. The third school nutrition dietary assessment study: findings and policy implications for improving the health of US children. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009; 109 (2 Suppl): S7-S13.
Kraak V, Pelletier D. The influence of commercialism on the food purchasing behavior of children and teenage youth. Family Economics and Nutrition Review. 1998; 11: 15-24.
Gidding SS, Dennison BA, Birch LL, et al. Dietary recommendations for children and adolescents: a guide for practitioners: a consensus statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2005; 112 (13): 2061-2075.
Hoelscher DM, Day S, Lee ES, et al. Measuring the prevalence of overweight in Texas school children. Am J Pub Health. 2004; 94 (6): 1002-1008.
DeVault N, Kennedy T, Hermann J, et al. It’s all about kids: preventing overweight in elementary school children in Tulsa, OK. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009; 109 (4): 680-687.
World Health Organization. Growth reference data for 5-19 years. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2011 [homepage on the Internet]. 2011. Available from: http://www.who.int/growthref/en/
Finch M, Sutherland R, Harrison M, Collins C. Canteen purchasing practices of year 1-6 primary school children and association with SES and weight status. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2006; 30 (3): 247-251
Wiles NL, Greeny JM, Veldman FJ Tuck-shop purchasing practices of Grade 4 learners in Pietermaritzburg and childhood overweight and obesity. S Afr J Clin Nutr 2013; 26 (1) 37-42
Feeley A, Musenge E, Pettifor JM, Norris SA. Changes in dietary habits and eating practices in adolescents living in urban South Africa: the birth to twenty cohort. Nutrition. 2012; 28 (7-8): e1-e6.
Templeton S. Competitive foods increase the intake of energy and decrease the intake of certain nutrients by adolescents consuming school lunch. J Am Diet Assoc 2005; 105: 215–220
Temple NJ, Steyn NP, Myburgh NG, Nel JH. Food items consumed by students attending schools in different socioeconomic areas in Cape Town, South Africa. Nutrition. 2006; 22 (3): 252-258.
WHO. Milestones in Health promotion: Statements from Global conferences. Geneva: World Health Organisation. [Online] 2009 [access 2015, March 27]; Available: http://www.who.int/healthpromotion/Milestones_Health_Promotion_05022010.pdf.
Dorfman L, Wallack L. Moving nutrition upstream: the case for reframing obesity. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behaviour 2007; 39: S45-S50
Lissau I, Poulsen J Nutrition policy, food and drinks at school and after school care. International Journal of Obesity 2005; 29: S58-S61
Vereecken C, Bobelijn K, Maes L. School food policy at primary and secondary schools in Belgium-Flanders: does it influence young people's food habits? Eur J Clin Nutr 2005; 59: 271–277.
Steyn NP, Lambert EV, Parker W, Mchiza Z, De Villiers A. A review of school nutrition interventions globally as an evidence base for the development of the Health kick programme in the Western Cape, South Africa. SAJCN 2009; 22 (3): 145-152.
Kubik MY, Lytle LA, Hanan PJ, Perry CL, Story M The association of the school food environment with dietary behaviours of young adolescents. American Journal of Public Health 2003; 93: 1168-1173
Wang D, Stewart D. The implementation and effectiveness of school based nutrition promotion programmes using a health promoting schools approach: a systematic review. Public Health Nutr 2012; 31: 1-19.
WHO. Creating an Environment for Emotional and Social Well-Being: An Important Responsibility of a Health-Promoting and Child Friendly School. [Online] 2003 [access 2015, March 25; Available on: www.who.int/school_youth_health/media/en/sch_childfriendly_03.pdf
Ransley JK, Taylor EF, Radwan Y, Kitchen MS, Greenwood DC, Cade JE. Does nutrition education in primary schools make a difference to children’s fruit and vegetable consumption? Public Health Nutr. 2010; 13 (11): 1898-1904.
Sarkar S, Taylor WC, Lai D, Shegog R, Paxton RJ (2016) Perceived Health, Sedentary Time, Body Mass Index, and Breaks from Prolonged sitting in the Workplace. Int J Sports Exerc Med 2.044
Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry. Report of a WHO Expert Committee. World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser 1995: 854: 1-452.
The obesity prevention Source: globalization. Harvard School of Public Health [homepage on the Internet]. c2013. Available from: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/obesity-prevention-source/obesity-causes/globalization-and-obesity/
Kyallo F, Makokha A, Mwangi A. M. Overweight and obesity among public and private primary school children in Nairobi, Kenya. Health 2013: (5); 85-90
Waters, E., Ashbolt, R., Gibbs, L., Booth, M., Magarey, A., Gold, L. Kai Lo, S., Gibbons, K., Green, J., O’connor, T., Garrard, J. and Swinburn, B. Double disad- vantage: The influence of ethnicity over socioeconomic position on childhood overweight and obesity: Findings from an inner urban population of primary school chil- dren. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 2008: 3; 196- 204. http://dx.doi.org: 10.1080/17477160802141846
Veugelers, P. J. and Fitzgerald, A. L. Prevalence of and risk factors for childhood overweight and obesity. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 2005: 173; 607-613. http://dx.doi.org:: 10.1503/cmaj.050445
Pék E, Mártai I, Marton J, Betlehem J Health survey of ambulance workers with a generic questionnaire (SF-36). Orv Hetil 2013: 154: 1865-1872.