Salary for Smoking Break (SSB) of Civil Servants (CS) in Japan
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 6, Issue 2, March 2018, Pages: 50-54
Received: Dec. 1, 2017;
Accepted: Dec. 18, 2017;
Published: Feb. 2, 2018
Views 716 Downloads 50
Jun Sono, Tobacco-Free Advocacy Japan, Osaka, Japan
Hajime Ishikawa Sono, Tobacco-Free Advocacy Japan, Osaka, Japan
Yoshikazu Saito, Tobacco-Free Advocacy Japan, Osaka, Japan
Follow on us
Salary for Smoking Break (SSB) of Civil Servants (CS) of Japan was estimated after a survey of the number of smoking CS during office hours at outdoor Designated Smoking Area (DSA) of two cities, namely Amagasaki and Nishinomiya. The total number of smoking CS during office hours per day at these city main offices was 547 and 400 respectively. The total SSB of CS of two cities combined per year is estimated as more than US$ 2 million. Approximately, the number of CS all over Japan is 526 times as much as that of two cities combined. Based on this data, total SSB during office hours of CS all over Japan is estimated as more than US$ 1,052 million. The source of this huge amount of SSB for CS is the tax paid by the people and is not acceptable from tax-payers’ point of view. Ban on smoking of CS during office hours is beneficial not only for smoking CS to have the chance to quit or reduce smoking, but also for no smoking colleagues to be free from extra work during the absence of smokers for smoking break and to avoid the risk of the exposure to third-hand smoke from returned smokers. Therefore, ban on smoking of CS during office hours should be welcomed not only by the people, but also by CS regardless of smoking status. This ban could be extended to private work places as a good role model, and protect the health of workers from the risk of active and passive smoking including third-hand smoke. The implementation of this ban may help the better understanding of Japanese people for tobacco de-normalization as the social norm.
Smoking Ban, Japan, Salary for Smoking Break, Civil Servant, Third-Hand Smoke, De-Normalization, Smoke-Free, WHO FCTC
To cite this article
Hajime Ishikawa Sono,
Salary for Smoking Break (SSB) of Civil Servants (CS) in Japan, Science Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 6, No. 2,
2018, pp. 50-54.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
M. Assunta and S. Chapman (2006) Health treaty dilution: a case study of Japan’s influence on the language of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. J Epidemiol Community Health 60(9), 751-756.
M. Assunta and S. Chapman (2008) The lightest Market in the World: Light and Mild Cigarettes in Japan. Nicotine &Tobacco Research 10(5), 803-810.
D. Hammond, G. Fong, M. Zanna, J. Thrasher, R. Borland (2006) Tobacco denormalization and industry beliefs among smokers from four countries. Am J Prev Med 31(3), 225-32.
R. Borland, N. Owen, B. Hocking(1991) Changes in smoking behavior after a total workplace smoking ban. Aust J Public Health 15(2), 130-134.
R. Borland, and N. Owen (1995) Need to smoke in the context of workplace smoking bans. Prev Med 24(1), 56-60.
R. Borland, M. Cappiello, N. Owen (1997) Leaving work to smoke. Addiction 92(10) 1361-1368.
O. Onisubi, S. Sinha, E. Rovner, M. Perez-Lugo, N. Jain, K. Demissie, M. Goldman(2004) Efficacy of tobacco dependence treatment in the context of a “smoke-free grounds” worksite policy: a case study. Am J Ind Med 46(2), 180-187.
C. Chen, S. Huang, C. Yang, K. Tang, D. Yao(2016) Detection of third-hand smoke on clothing Fibers with a surface acoustic wave gas sensor. Biomicrofluids 10(1):011907.
S. Dhall, R. Alamat, A. Castro, A. Sarker, J. Mao, A. Chan, B. Hang, M. Martin-Green(2016) Tobacco toxins deposited on surface (third hand smoke) impair wound healing. Clin Sci(Lond)130(14), 1269-1284.
N. Adhami, Y. Chen, M. Martins-Green(2017) Biomarkers of disease can be detected in mice asearlyas 4 weeks after initiation of exposure to third-hand smoke levels equivalent to those found in homes of smokers. Clin Sci(Lond) 131(19), 2409-2426.