The International Health Regulations (2005): State of Implementation in Côte D'Ivoire in 2011
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 6, Issue 3, May 2018, Pages: 66-74
Received: Feb. 25, 2018; Accepted: Mar. 24, 2018; Published: Apr. 12, 2018
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Authors
Traoré Youssouf, Department of Public Health and Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny (UFHB), Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire; Department of Epidemiological Surveillance, National Institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Coulibaly Amed, Department of Public Health and Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny (UFHB), Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Coulibaly Daouda, Department of Epidemiological Surveillance, National Institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Ekra Kouadio Daniel, Department of Public Health and Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny (UFHB), Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
N’Guessan Kouakou Christophe, Global Health Security Agenda, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention U.S. Abidjan Embassy, Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire
Koutouan Mayet Guy Georges, Department of Epidemiological Surveillance, National Institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Agbo Kouadio Serge, Department of Preparedness and Response Project, Development Alternative Inc (DAI), United States Agency for International Development, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire
Dagnan N’Cho Simplice, Department of Public Health and Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny (UFHB), Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
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Abstract
Côte d'Ivoire has decided to implement the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005), which came into effect in June 2007. However, after a period of 5 years without the actual start, several observations have found deficiencies in the application of this legal instrument binding law. In collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO), actions have been undertaken for its implementation. The purpose of this work was to assess the key minimum core capabilities required to prevent, detect early and respond to public health emergencies. A documentary review on the table took place from 01 to 09 December 2011 at the National Institute of Public Hygiene with all the sectors involved in the implementation of the IHR (2005). For this purpose following a sampling for convenience, An interview grouped by sub-themes made it possible to collect information from the questionnaire developed by WHO. The data collected was analyzed by highlighting the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) of the 13 components of the IHR. Confidentiality and anonymity have been respected in order to accelerate the implementation of the capacities of this Regulation. In this study with 51 sectors involved, the minimum required such as legislation, coordination and National Focal Point (NFP) communication represented respectively 50%, 73% and 57% regarding the entities rate of involvement in the implementation of the IHR. Human resources and monitoring were not developed (0%) unlike the laboratories (90%), the response to events represented (85%). In addition, other aspects are in the early stages of implementation to various degrees. The assessment of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats revealed significant progress in some technical areas (preparedness, response) and many insufficiencies in the implementation of the IHR (2005). All this shows the degree of involvement of entities in the implementation of the IHR in Côte d’Ivoire. IHR implementation is an investment to ensure the safety and health of global and Ivorian populations.
Keywords
Implementation, International Health Regulations, Côte d'Ivoire, 2011
To cite this article
Traoré Youssouf, Coulibaly Amed, Coulibaly Daouda, Ekra Kouadio Daniel, N’Guessan Kouakou Christophe, Koutouan Mayet Guy Georges, Agbo Kouadio Serge, Dagnan N’Cho Simplice, The International Health Regulations (2005): State of Implementation in Côte D'Ivoire in 2011, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2018, pp. 66-74. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20180603.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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