Literature Review on Tongue Pressure of Healthy Japanese
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 6, Issue 3, May 2018, Pages: 86-90
Received: Jun. 20, 2018; Published: Jun. 21, 2018
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Keiji Tabuchi, Institute of Bio-Medical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan; Faculty of Nursing, Hiroshima International University, Hiroshima, Japan
Kensuke Norikoshi, Institute of Bio-Medical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan; Faculty of Nursing, Hiroshima International University, Hiroshima, Japan
Toshio Kobayashi, Institute of Bio-Medical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan
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The tongue plays an important role in speaking, eating, and drinking while making complicated movements in the oral cavity. By measuring tongue pressure, it is possible to infer the extent of tongue function. In the previous study, there were several papers on tongue pressure which examined subjects by disease, such as symptoms of temporomandibular joint disease, aspiration, but there are few studies on measuring tongue pressure of healthy Japanese. Additionally, there is no study on all age focusing on the relationship between tongue pressure and age and gender. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to reveal the tendency of healthy Japanese tongue pressure through literature review. Japanese medicine abstract society web service and PubMed were used to search the keyword "tongue pressure" in English and Japanese, 58 English papers and 291 Japanese papers were extracted. There were 34 papers including Japanese tongue pressure data. The text and abstract were carefully read and the targets were 12 papers including healthy Japanese tongue pressure data. Data sorted tongue pressure by gender and age. Boys and girls mixed tongue pressure from neonates to three month old was 10-13 kPa, 29-35 kPa for elementary school students, 35 kPa for junior high school students and high school students. Up to high school students, there was no document that measured tongue pressure by gender, respectively. Since the difference between men and women growth begins with middle of elementary school age, it is considered that necessary to measure tongue pressure according to gender. The tongue pressure of women in their twenties to sixtieth was 33-40 kPa, which was the peak of Japanese women’s tongue pressure. Twenties men's tongue pressure is 45 to 55 kPa, which was the peak of Japanese men’s tongue pressure. The maximum tongue pressure in lifetime was found to be 5 to 22 kPa higher for men than for women. However, in women, peak tongue pressure was kept until sixtieth, and the subsequent decrease in tongue pressure was moderate compared to men. In the case of men, the decline in tongue pressure starts in the forties, almost the same tongue pressure as women in the seventies, tongue pressure in men in their octogenarian was inferior to that of the same age women. In literature review, gender and age characteristics and research problems on healthy Japanese tongue pressure were clarified.
Literature Review, Tongue Pressure, Healthy Japanese
To cite this article
Keiji Tabuchi, Kensuke Norikoshi, Toshio Kobayashi, Literature Review on Tongue Pressure of Healthy Japanese, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2018, pp. 86-90. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20180603.14
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