Stress Conditions and Mental Health Status of International Students Studying in Japan
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 6, Issue 3, May 2018, Pages: 100-105
Received: Jun. 25, 2018;
Published: Jun. 26, 2018
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Meixuan Song, Department of Health Development, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan
Keiji Tabuchi, Department of Health Development, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan
Toshio Kobayashi, Department of Health Development, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan
In recent years, as international students studying at universities are increasing in Japan, so maintaining mental health of them living in unfamiliar countries is an important issue. The purpose of this research was to clarify the situation of stress and the condition of mental health among international students. We conducted a self-check question survey for 67 international students who came from 10 countries living in Japan, aged between 20 and 45 (average age was 26.4 years). The contents of the survey were personal attributes, life stress, revised UCLA loneliness scale (20-80 points), and depressed state self-rating scale (CES-D) (0-60 points). For statistical analysis, Pearson correlation analysis with IBM SPSS 22.0 was used. The average years of residence in Japan was 2.07 years. Stressor of daily life were "Japanese language skill shortage" and "various procedures are troublesome". Stressor of economic was "weight of economic burden". Stressor of study were "graduation thesis" and "the field of study and research is difficult". Hereafter, stressor of private expense students was having to do part-time jobs to maintain their lives. When the Japanese language ability was high, the stress on daily life and study was low, but the stress of part-time jobs was higher. It was conceivable that the international students with higher Japanese ability, the demand on work will be also higher. The CES-D score was 15.57 on average and 37.3% with depressed tendency (16 points or more). The positive correlation was found between CES-D and the stressor of daily life (r=0.311, p<0.05), stressor on study (r=0.246, p<0.05), loneliness (r=0.383, p<0.01). In addition, the average score of international students' loneliness scale was 42.72 points. The positive correlation was also found between loneliness and the stressor of daily life (r=0.311, p<0.05). Based on these results is necessary to pay attention to international students' stressors on daily life, study, loneliness, and mental health state. In this research, the actual situation of international student's daily life, economic aspect, and academic stress were clarified. Providing support to maintain their mental health is important to prevent the tendency of depression for international students who living with strong stress and loneliness.
Stress Conditions and Mental Health Status of International Students Studying in Japan, Science Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 6, No. 3,
2018, pp. 100-105.
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