Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 6, Issue 4, July 2018, Pages: 111-115
Received: Jul. 19, 2018;
Accepted: Aug. 10, 2018;
Published: Sep. 17, 2018
Views 551 Downloads 29
Gui Cao, Institute of Health Science Research, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China
Feng Xu, School of Statistics, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China
Shitang Xie, School of Public Administration and Policy, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China
Fan Huang, School of Sociology and Population Studies, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China
With the rapid growth of economy and social development among BRICS countries, the role of international health development assistance in state capacity building is becoming more and more significant. This paper described the management system, scale, recipient countries, mechanisms and characteristics of international health assistance among BRICS countries. Aims: Learn about health development assistance of BRICS countries by analyzing its amount, distribution, main characteristics and management system in order to improve the international health development assistance related to BRICS countries. Methods: Data analysis of health development assistance of BRICS countries by using data from 2005 to 2010 of AidData and literature review were the main methods used in this paper. Results: a) from the total amount of international health assistance from 2005 to 2010, China’s total amount of international health assistance ranked first among BRICS countries (excluding 2008), and peaked in 2010, while India and South Africa was slightly higher than the amount of international health assistance in Brazil; b) China's international health development assistance was mainly distributed in 9 countries in Africa; India's was mainly distributed in 16 countries of South Asia and Africa; Brazil’s in around 45 countries depending on language and cultural factors; almost all South Africa’s aid flowed to African countries; c) Brazil’s international health development assistance mainly through technical assistance and its own experience; Russia prefer multilateral financial assistance and cooperation; India conducted technology-based health development assistance to neighboring African countries; China developed a variety of forms of international health assistance; South Africa's international health assistance was mainly carried out through tripartite partnerships; d) the BRICS countries trends to establish unified management agency. Conclusions: a) it is necessary to set up a unified international assistance management agency; b) each BRICS country should use its own comparative advantages and development experience to carry out international health assistance; c) international health assistance data should be more transparent and open.
International Health Development Assistance of BRICS Countries, Science Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 6, No. 4,
2018, pp. 111-115.
World development indicators database. Washington: World Bank; 2013.
Global burden of disease. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2008.
VG Rodwin, G Fabre, RF Ayoub. “BRIC Health Systems and Big Pharma: A Challenge for Health Policy and Management,” International Journal of Health Policy and Management, vol. 7 Issue 3, p201-206, 2018.
Jakovljevic M, Potapchik E, Popovich L, et al. “Evolving Health Expenditure Landscape of the BRICS Nations and Projections to 2025,” Health Economics, vol. 26 (7), pp. 844-852, 2017.
The millennium development goals: report 2013. New York: United Nations; 2013.
Williams, Stephen. “BRICS Pledge Healthcare for Africa,” New African Magazine, 2012.
Tediosi, Fabrizio Finch, Aureliano Procacci, Christina, et al. “BRICS countries and the global movement for universal health coverage,” Health Policy & Planning, vol. 31 Issue 6, p717-728, 2016.
Shambhu Acharya, Sarah-Louise Barber, Daniel Lopez-Acuna, et al. “BRICS and global health,” Bull World Health Organ, 92(6): 386–386A, 2014.
M. J. Tierney, “Rising Powers and the Regime for Development Finance,” International Studies Review, vol. 16, pp. 452-455, 2014.
Marlène Guillon, Jacky Mathonnat. “What can we learn on Chinese aid allocation motivations from new available data? A sectorial analysis of Chinese aid to African countries,” Working Papers, 2018.
Asmus, Gerda, A. Fuchs, and A. Müller, “BRICS and Foreign Aid,” Social Science Electronic Publishing, 2017
Williams, Stephen. “BRICS Pledge Healthcare Support for Africa Stephen Williams Reports. 2012.
Gostin, Lawrence O. “International Development Assistance for Health: Ten Priorities for the Next President.” Hastings Center Report 38. 5(2008):10-11.
Policy, Healthsocial. “Russia’s Emerging Global Health Leadership.” Center for Strategic & International Studies Washington.
Harmer, Andrew, et al. "‘BRICS without straw’? A systematic literature review of newly emerging economies’ influence in global health." Globalization & Health 9.1(2013):15-15.
Ren Minghui, Lu Guoping. China’s global health strategy [J]. The Lancet, 2014, 384:719-721.
Sun, Yue Qian, Z. Xie, and P. L. Liu. "Emerging power for international health development assistance: A case study of the BRIC countries." Chinese Journal of Health Policy (2017).
Grépin, Karen A, et al. "China’s role as a global health donor in Africa: what can we learn from studying under reported resource flows?." Globalization and Health, 10, 1(2014-12-30) 10.1(2014):84.
Yang, Haomin, et al. "Development assistance for health given to Nepal by China and India: a comparative study." Globalization & Health 10.1(2014):76.
J Hayati. “Critically evaluate the emerging role of the BRIC countries in the delivery of aid and development cooperation in the global South.” (2018).
Buss, Paulo Marchiori, et al. "Health and development in BRICS countries." Saude E Sociedade 23.23(2014):390-403.
Mujica OJ, Vázquez E, Duarte EC, et al. “Socioeconomic inequalities and mortality trends in BRICS, 1990–2010,” Bull World Health Organ, 92(6):405–412, 2014.
EJ Gómez, “Confronting Health Inequalities in the BRICS: Political Institutions, Foreign Policy Aspirations and State‐civil Societal Relationships,” Global Policy, vol 7, pp. 500-509, 2016.
Victoria Y Fan, Karen A Grépin, Gordon C Shenc, “Tracking the flow of health aid from BRICS countries,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 92, pp. 457-458, 2014.