Analysis of the Relationship of Noise Exposure and Hearing Loss in PPSU Workers in North Jakarta
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 6, Issue 5, September 2018, Pages: 140-144
Received: Dec. 5, 2018;
Published: Dec. 6, 2018
Views 507 Downloads 70
Nur Asniati Djaali, Faculty of Health, Mohammad Husni Thamrin University, Jakarta, Indonesia
Sari Alia Putri, Faculty of Health, Mohammad Husni Thamrin University, Jakarta, Indonesia
Denny Lyus Sihite, Faculty of Pubilc Health, Indonesia University, Depok, West Java
Ajeng Tias Endarti, Faculty of Health, Mohammad Husni Thamrin University, Jakarta, Indonesia
Sutanto Priyo Hastono, Faculty of Pubilc Health, Indonesia University, Depok, West Java
Hasnawati Amqam, Faculty of Pubilc Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South East Sulawesi
Follow on us
Hearing loss is one of the many health problems experienced by workers in high noise exposure areas. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between noise intensity and hearing loss in PPSU workers in North Jakarta. This type of research is quantitative analytic using cross-sectional design involving 45 PPSU workers in North Jakarta. Hearing loss was identified by audiometric examination with air conditioning (AC), while noise intensity in the worker's area was measured using a sound level meter. The results of this study showed that 60% of respondents experienced hearing loss, and 51.1% of the areas had noise intensity ≥ 75 dB. The results of categorical analysis showed that there is a relationship between noise intensity and hearing loss with prevalence of ratio was 5.2. Logistic regression analysis showed that respondents who work in areas with noise intensity ≥ 75 dB had the opportunity 7 times to experience hearing loss after being controlled by variable smoking behavior, and hobbies towards noise. Exposure to high noise is something that cannot be avoided by PPSU workers, therefore to reduce or prevent the occurrence of hearing loss, the workers should use earplugs while working, and should reduce smoking and listening music with earphones. In addition, the workers should conduct regular audiometric examinations and attend health counseling at the workplace.
Hearing Loss, Audiometry, Noise
To cite this article
Nur Asniati Djaali,
Sari Alia Putri,
Denny Lyus Sihite,
Ajeng Tias Endarti,
Sutanto Priyo Hastono,
Analysis of the Relationship of Noise Exposure and Hearing Loss in PPSU Workers in North Jakarta, Science Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 6, No. 5,
2018, pp. 140-144.
Pawlazyk-Luszeznska, M., et al. 2013. Noise Induced Hearing Loss Research In Central Eastern And Sound Eastern Europe And Newly Independent Status. Noise & Health.
Chandra, Budiman. 2007. Pengantar Kesehatan Lingkungan. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC.
Utamiati, Ami. 2012. Effects of Noise on Hearing Disorders in Rice Refinery Employees in Sidoarjo II Ramunia. Thesis. Faculty of Medical North Sumatera University. Medan.
Ministry of Health. 2014. Indonesian Health Profile in 2014. http://www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/pusdatin/profilkesehatanindonesia/profil-kesehatan-indonesia-2014.pdf.
Ministry of Manpower. 2016. Workplace Safety and Health: Occupational Disease in Singapore. https://www.wshinstitute.sg/files/wshi/upload/event/file/Occupational%20diseases%20in%20SG-%20What%20Else%20Needs%20to%20Be%20Done.pdf.
Rahmawati, Fitri Nur. 2016. Relationship between Noise Intensity and Decrease in Hearing Power Manpower Production Section at PT Wijaya Karya Beton Tbk PPB Majalengka. Thesis. Faculty of Public Health Muhamadiyah Surakarta University.
Listianingrum, Daranita Aprilia. 2017. Effect of Traffic Noise on Hearing Loss in Supeltas in Surakarta City. Thesis. Faculty of Public Health Muhamadiyah Surakarta University.
Peraturan Gubernur Provinsi Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta Nomor 7 Tahun 2017 Penanganan Prasarana dan Sarana Umum Tingkat Kelurahan. 16 Januari 2017. Gubernur Provinsi Daerah Ibukota Jakarta.
Djaja, I Made, Ikron, Wula ndari, Ririn A. 2007. Effect of Road Traffic Noise on Psychological Health Disorders of Children in SDN Cipinang Muara, Jatinegara District, East Jakarta City, DKI Jakarta Province, 2005. Journal of the Environmental Health. Faculty of Public Health Indonesia University 11(1): 32-37.
Marlina, S., Suwondo, Jayanti. 2016. Risk Factor Analysis of Sensorineural Hearing Disorders in PT. X Semarang. Journal of Health. Vol. 4. No. 1 Januari 2016: 2356-3346.
Sutopo, M., dkk. 2007. Relationship Between Flight Activity Noise Intensity at Adi Sucipto Airport and Hearing Threshold Value in Children. Public Medical Journal, Vol. 23(No. 1), 12-20.
Safitri, Ana. 2017. The relationship between the frequency of smoking and hearing loss in Dr. Moewardi. Thesis. Faculty of Medical Muhammadiyah Surakarta University.
Kusumawati, Indah. 2012. Relationship of Noise Levels in the work environment with the incidence of hearing loss in workers at PT. X in 2012. Thesis. Faculty of Public Health Indonesia University. Depok.
Akbar, Rizuli. 2012. Analysis of the Relationship between Noise Exposure Doses and Equivalent L Approach and Decreasing Hearing Workers in PT Master Wovenindo Label Production Division in 2011. Thesis. Faculty of Public Health Indonesia University. Depok.