Prevalence and Associated Factors of Induced Abortion Among Women of Reproductive Age Group in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 7, Issue 3, May 2019, Pages: 66-73
Received: Mar. 28, 2019; Accepted: Apr. 28, 2019; Published: May 27, 2019
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Mohammed Oumer, Department of Human Anatomy, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Amhara, Ethiopia;p Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Amhara, Ethiopia
Agmas Manaye, Departments of Nursing, College of Medical Sciences, MTY Abyssinia Medical Science College, Gondar, Amhara, Ethiopia
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Background:Abortion is the termination of pregnancy by the expulsion of a fetus or embryo from the uterus before viability. An estimated 56 million induced abortions occurred worldwide each year. Ethiopia has the fifth highest number of maternal deaths in the world: one in twenty-seven women die from complications of pregnancy and childbirth annually. Objective:To assess the prevalence of induced abortion and associated factors among women of reproductive age group in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia. Methods:A descriptive cross sectional study design was conducted in450 reproductive age women, using a pre-tested and structured questionnaire with face-to-face interview, from January 01 to August 07, 2018. Respondents were randomly selected using systematic random sampling method. Descriptive analysis, binary and multivariable logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the data. Results:In this study, the prevalence rate of induced abortion was 40 per 1000 women, making it higher from the previous national rate of abortion for Ethiopia (28/1000 women aged 15-44). Among respondents those are committing induced abortions, 83.33% was safe abortion. Factors like women’s age at first pregnancy (15-19 years [AOR (Adjusted Odds Ratio) = 4.38, 95% CI (1.21, 15.81)];single marital status [AOR =45.05, 95% CI (12.02, 168.85)];unwanted pregnancy [AOR=3.21, 95% CI (1.16, 8.90)] and attending school at the time of interfered abortion [AOR=5.28, 95% CI (1.80, 15.49)]were significantly associated with committing induced abortion. Conclusions:The study revealed a medium level of prevalence rateof induced abortionamong women of reproductive age group in Gondar Town. Factors like women’s ageat first pregnancy, single marital status, unwanted pregnancy and attending school at the time of interfered induced abortion were independently and significantly associated with committing induced abortion.
Induced Abortion, Prevalence, Women of Reproductive Age, Ethiopia
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Mohammed Oumer, Agmas Manaye, Prevalence and Associated Factors of Induced Abortion Among Women of Reproductive Age Group in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2019, pp. 66-73. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20190703.11
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