Supply Priority of Health Service Industry in Chongqing, China: A Cross-Sectional Study
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 7, Issue 3, May 2019, Pages: 91-97
Received: May 6, 2019; Accepted: Jun. 5, 2019; Published: Jun. 24, 2019
Views 151      Downloads 19
Authors
Yunying Yan, School of Public Health and Management, Research Center for Medicine and Social Development, Collaborative Innovation Center of Social Risks Governance in Health, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
Zhan Yang, College of Foreign Languages, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
Zheng Wang, Department of Supervisory and Evaluation, Yuzhong District Teacher Training College, Chongqing, China
Xue Lei, School of Public Health and Management, Research Center for Medicine and Social Development, Collaborative Innovation Center of Social Risks Governance in Health, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
Yue Sun, School of Public Health and Management, Research Center for Medicine and Social Development, Collaborative Innovation Center of Social Risks Governance in Health, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
Fei Chen, School of Public Health and Management, Research Center for Medicine and Social Development, Collaborative Innovation Center of Social Risks Governance in Health, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Background The mismatch between supply and demand is the primary issue in the development of health service industry in China. The study aims to explore the relationship between the demand for and satisfaction of residents in Chongqing, China from health service products, in order to analyze the supply priority of health service industry from the perspective of residents. Methods In this cross-sectional study, a multi-stage stratified random sampling method was adopted to survey 1100 residents who were from 4 districts and 8 communities in Chongqing, China. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with a standardized questionnaire. Chi-square test was used to analyze the differences of satisfaction and demand between the 11 sub-categories of health service industry. Pearson and Spearman correlation analysis were used to analyze the numerical values and rankings of demand and satisfaction scores, and then the scatter plot was drawn to establish the two-dimensional coupled model of demand and satisfaction. Results Demand for and satisfaction from health service industry of various sub-categories were relatively high. Among them, the highest coupled value of demand and satisfaction was health security industry. Primary health care industry, professional public health service industry and other nine industries followed. The scores of health education service industry were the lowest. Conclusions: Based on the two-dimensional coupled model of demand and satisfaction, 11 sub-categories of health service industry fall into three classes: Class I is the most urgently needed industrial type and should be given supply priority; Class II is the demand-oriented industrial type, which should be developed proactively based on the actual conditions; Class III is the type to be nurtured, which requires rational development when the market demand grows.
Keywords
Health Service Industry, Supply Priority, Demand, Satisfaction
To cite this article
Yunying Yan, Zhan Yang, Zheng Wang, Xue Lei, Yue Sun, Fei Chen, Supply Priority of Health Service Industry in Chongqing, China: A Cross-Sectional Study, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2019, pp. 91-97. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20190703.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
United Nations. Transforming our world. The 2030 agenda for sustainable development. 2008. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org. Accessed 12 Dec 2017.
[2]
China’s State Council. Opinions on Promoting the Development of Health Services. 2013. http://www.gov.cn/xxgk/pub/govpublic/mrlm/201310/t20131018_66502.html. Accessed 14 Dec 2017.
[3]
Engel, C. Health Services Industry: Still a Job Machine? Monthly Lab. Rev. 1999, 122, 3-14.
[4]
Pilzer P Z. The New Wellness Revolution: How to Make a Fortune in the Next Trillion Dollar Industry. J Learn Disabil. 2002, 45, 67-79.
[5]
Han, D. M.; Lu, J. X.; Li, X. M. A Development Strategy for China's Healthcare Industry. Chin. Engine. Sci. 2017, 19, 21-28. (In Chinese)
[6]
Chinese Government. Report on the 18th Chinese Communist Party Congress. 2012. http://cpc.people.com.cn/n/2012/1118/c64094-19612151.html. Accessed 23 Dec 2017.
[7]
Chinese Government. Report on the 19th Chinese Communist Party Congress. 2017. http://cpc.people.com.cn/n1/2017/1028/c64094-29613660.html. Accessed 24 Dec 2017.
[8]
Zheng, Y.; Zhang, L.; Dai, T. The Current Situation of Healthcare Service Industry. Chin. J. Health Policy. 2016, 9, 6-10. (In Chinese).
[9]
Wu, H. Z.; Wang, X. F.; Song, Y. Study on Improving the Development of Health Service Industry. Health Econ Res. 2017, 4, 27-29. (In Chinese).
[10]
National Bureau of Statistics of China. Industrial Classification for National Economic Activities (GB/T 4754-2011). 2014. http://www.stats.gov.cn/statsinfo/auto2073/201406/t20140606_564743.html. Accessed 2 Jan 2018.
[11]
National Bureau of Statistics of China. Classification for Health Services (Trial). 2014. http://www.stats.gov.cn/statsinfo/auto2073/201406/P020140606574809258375.pdf. Accessed 2 Jan 2018.
[12]
Pan X. F.; Xu J.; Meng Q. Integrating Social Health Insurance Systems in China. Lancet, 2015, 386, 84–92.
[13]
Xiao, H. X.; Zhang, W. K. Structure Status and Optimization Strategy of Health Servrice Industry in Hunan Province. Health Econ Res. 2017, 4, 30-34. (In Chinese).
[14]
Dai, T. The Connotation, Properties, Policy Implications of Healthcare Service Industry. Chin. J. Health Policy. 2016, 9, 1-5. (In Chinese).
[15]
Xin, J. Y.; Yeung, A. C. L.; Cheng, T. C. E. First to Market: Is Technological Innovation in New Product Development Profitable in Health Care Industries? Int. J. Pro. Econ. 2010, 127, 129-135.
[16]
He, D.; Jin, C. L.; Chen, M. X. International Experience of Clustering Development of Health Care Industry and Its Enlightenment. Chin. Health. Res. 2016, 19, 141-144. (In Chinese).
[17]
Chen, F.; Lei X. Collaborative Mode and Service Supply Mechanism of Medical and Elderly Care Institutions Based on Intelligent Community. Chin. Gen. Pract. 2017, 20, 2944-2947. (In Chinese).
[18]
Sánchez-Serrano I. The World's Health Care Crisis: From the Laboratory Bench to the Patient's Bedside (Elsevier Insights). Elsevier: Amsterdam, 2011, ISBN: 978-0-12-391875-8.
[19]
Zhao, M. H. Demand of Residents' Healthy Consumption and Development of Health Service Industry in Qingdao. J. Party Sch. C. P. C. 2014, 3, 105-109. (In Chinese).
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186