Health and Nutritional Condition of Street Children of Dhaka City: An Empirical Study in Bangladesh
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 4, Issue 1-1, January 2016, Pages: 6-9
Received: Sep. 22, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 18, 2015; Published: Oct. 28, 2015
Views 4141      Downloads 81
Md. Abdul Hakim, Department of Food Technology and Nutritional Science, Faculty of Life Science, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail, Bangladesh
Azizur Rahman, School of Computing and Mathematics, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga NSW 2678, Australia
Article Tools
Follow on us
The study was conducted at the seven areas in Tejgaon, known as the centre of Dhaka city, the capital of Bangladesh, which consist of 41 police stations. Street children are very common in this part of Dhaka city. A well structured questionnaire was developed containing both the closed and open ended questions to collect data through face-to-face interview with the respondents. A sample of 80 street children with a ratio of 90% boys and 10% gamines was collected through the simple random sampling method from the selected areas. Results reveal that about 65% street children are underweight. Nearly 77.5% children take their meals three times and 22.5% children eat only two times in a day. Most of the study children (85%) have developed the habit to wash their hand before taking meal that is good for their health. Findings also demonstrate that about 60.5% street children are able to take bath on a daily basis and almost 61.3% of them have been suffered from different diseases during the last 3 months prior to the commencement of the study.
Health and Nutrition, Street Children, Underweight, Dhaka City, Bangladesh
To cite this article
Md. Abdul Hakim, Azizur Rahman, Health and Nutritional Condition of Street Children of Dhaka City: An Empirical Study in Bangladesh, Science Journal of Public Health. Special Issue:Childhood Malnutrition in Developing Countries. Vol. 4, No. 1-1, 2016, pp. 6-9. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.s.2016040101.12
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UNICE (2007) Street Children.
Sarah Thomas de Benitez (February 23, 2009). State of the World’s Street Children: Violence Report. SlideShare. SlideShare Inc. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
Flowers (2010). pp. 20-21.
UNCHS, 2000.
Kuddus, A. and Rahman, A. (2015). Human Right Abuse: A Case Study on Child Labor in Bangladesh, International Journal of Management and Humanities, 1(8), pp. 1-4.
Aptekar L (1884) Street Children in the Developing World: A review of their condition. Cross Cultural Research, 28 (30): 195-224.
Hatley A, Huser A. (2005) Identification of Street Children: Characteristics of street children in Bamako and Acca. FAFO Report 474.
Rita P, Isma W, Mitra D, Dadang S (2010) Nutrients intake and nutritional status of street children in bandung, Journal of Nutrition and Food, 5 (3): 177-183.
Rahman, A. and Chowdhury, S. (2007). Determinants of chronic malnutrition among preschool children in Bangladesh, Journal of Biosocial Science, 39(2), pp.161-173.
Rahman, A. and Biswas, S.C. (2009). Nutritional status of under-5 children in Bangladesh. South Asian Journal of Population and Health 2(1), pp. 1-11.
Megabiaw B, and Rahman A. (2013) Prevalence and determinants of chronic malnutrition among under-5 children in Ethiopia. International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition, 2(3), pp. 230-236.
Rahman, A., Chowdhury, S., and Hossain, D. (2009). Acute malnutrition in Bangladeshi children: levels and determinants. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 21(3), pp. 294-302.
Kuddus, A. and Rahman, A. (2015). Affect of Urbanization on Health and Nutrition, International Journal of Statistics and Systems, 10(2), pp. 164-174.
Rahman, A. and Kuddus, A. (2014). Effects of some sociological factors on the outbreak of chickenpox disease, JP Journal of Biostatistics, 11 (1), pp. 37-53.
Sally, B., Gormez, A., Rahman, A., and colleagues (2012). Jurisdictional, socioeconomic and gender inequalities in child health and development: Analysis of a national census of 5 year olds in Australia, BMJ Open, 2(5):e001075, pp. 1-15.
Rahman, A., Chowdhury, S., Karim, A. and Ahmed, S. (2008). Factors associated with nutritional status of children in Bangladesh: A multivariate analysis. Demography India, 37(1), pp. 95-109.
Rahman, A. and Harding, A. (2013). Prevalence of overweight and obesity epidemic in Australia: some causes and consequences, JP Journal of Biostatistics, 10(1), pp. 31-48.
Lassoer J (2004) The UNDP Resident Representative in Bangladesh, UN Conversation on the right of the child, 1990, Shamanic; Child Rights Week 2004, October 5, 2004.
Sarah Thomas Benetez (2007). Street Children Series. Consortium for Street Children (UK). Retrieved November 30, 2012.
Rahman, A. and Sapkota, M. (2014), Knowledge on vitamin A rich foods among mothers of preschool children in Nepal: impacts on public health and policy concerns, Science Journal of Public Health, 2(4), pp. 316-322.
Kuddus, A. and Rahman, A., Talukder, M.R. and Hoque, A. (2014). A modified SIR model to study on physical behaviour among smallpox infective population in Bangladesh, American Journal of Mathematics and Statistics, 4(5), pp. 231-239.
Rahman, A. and Kuddus, A. (2014). A new model to study on physical behaviour among susceptible infective removal population, Far East Journal of Theoretical Statistics, 46(2), pp. 115-135.
ICDDR, B (2010) Street dwellers performance for health care services in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Dhaka: ICDDR, B.
Syed Shabbir Ahmed (2012). Tejgaon Thana. In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
Vicor CG, Vaughan PJ, Kirkwood BR, Martinez JC, Barcelos LB. (1986) Risk factors for malnutrition in Brazilian children: the role of social and environmental variables. Bull WHO, 64: 299-309.
Rahman, A. and Harding, A. (2010). Some health related issues in Australia and methodologies for estimating small area health related characteristics, Online Working Paper Series: WP-15, NATSEM, University of Canberra, pp. 1-59.
Bhuiya A, Wojtyniak B, D'Suzoa, Zimili S (1986) Socio-economic determinants of child nutritional status: boys versus girls. Food Nutr Bull, 8 (3): 3-7.
Kuddus, A. and Rahman, A. (2015). Human Right Abuse: A Case Study on Child Labor in Bangladesh, International Journal of Management and Humanities, 1(8), pp. 1-4.
Mahan P (2000) Street Youth in Southern Africa. International Social Science Journal, 5 (164): 233-243.
Hakim, Md. Abdul, Kamruzzaman, Md. (2015). Nutritional Status of Central Bangladesh Street Children, American Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Research, Vol. 2, No. 5, pp. 133-137.
Ayaya S, Esami F (2001) Health problems of street children in Eldoret, Kenya, East African Medical Journal, 78 (12): 624-9.
Ebenhoh O, Heinrich R (2001) Evolutionary optimization of metabolic pathway. Bull Math Biol 63 (1): 21-25.
Ganong, William F. Review of Medical Physiology. (Twentieth edition), p. 271, ISBN 0-07-112064-5.
Smith E, Morowitz H ((2004) Universality in intermediary metabolism. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101 (36): 13168-73.
Frances Sizer, Ellie Whitney (November 12, 2007) Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies. Cengage Learning, pp. 26. ISBN 987-0-495-39065-7. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
Mahan LK, S Escott-Stump (2007) Krause's Food, Nutrition and Diet Therapy. Elsevier.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186