Nutritional Effects of Weaning Flour 'Anagobaka' on Young Rats Wistar
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 4, Issue 5-1, October 2016, Pages: 12-16
Received: Jun. 25, 2016; Accepted: Jul. 28, 2016; Published: Sep. 3, 2016
Views 2962      Downloads 60
Authors
Kouakou Egnon K. V., Laboratory of Nutrition and Pharmacology, Faculty of Biosciences, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Bouafou Kouamé G. M, Natural sciences, Normal superior school, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Meité Alassane, Laboratory of Nutrition and Pharmacology, Faculty of Biosciences, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Kouamé K. Gustave, Laboratory of Nutrition and Pharmacology, Faculty of Biosciences, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Kati-Coulibaly Séraphin, Laboratory of Nutrition and Pharmacology, Faculty of Biosciences, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This project aims at determining the nutritional effects of Anagobaka on young wistar rats. These results have been composed to an infant weaning flour (Cerelac wheat) and a control diet made of fish flour. Rats have been fed during 15 days. The results of the chemical analysis have proved that Anagobaka contains 2.04±0.03% of protein, 6.04±0.11% of lipids and 82.1±0.94% of carbonate with an energetic value of 390.32 kcals. These results have been compared respectively to the ‟Cerelac wheat” with 14.94±0.16% of protein, 6.04±0.11% of lipid, 66,6±0,12% of carbohydrate and 434.01 kcals and to the control diet with 14.94±0.9% of protein, 8.8±0.66% of lipids, 72.2±0.28% of carbohydrate and 427.76 kcals. Viewing the nutrition, we notice that the growth, the gain in weight, the Food Coefficient (FC), the Protein Coefficient (PC) and the Apparent Digestibility (AP) are inferior to that of “Cerelac wheat” and to the control diet. Thus the presence of Anagobaka has occasioned the emaciation of– 0, 97 g/day on young rats.
Keywords
Anagobaka, Emaciation, Nutritional Effects, Young Rats
To cite this article
Kouakou Egnon K. V., Bouafou Kouamé G. M, Meité Alassane, Kouamé K. Gustave, Kati-Coulibaly Séraphin, Nutritional Effects of Weaning Flour 'Anagobaka' on Young Rats Wistar, Science Journal of Public Health. Special Issue: Addiction and Substance Abuse. Vol. 4, No. 5-1, 2016, pp. 12-16. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.s.2016040501.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Adrian, R. M. and R. Frangne. (1991). Techniques d’analyse nutritionnelle. In: Principes de techniques d’analyse. Ed. Lavoisier TEC & DOC Paris, 451-478.
[2]
Akre. (1989). Alimentation infantile. Bases physiologiques. Bulletin de1'Organisation mondiale de la Santé, (suppl.), 67p.
[3]
Beaufrère, 1993. Evaluation du métabolisme protéique, in: Traité de Nutrition Pédiatrique, 14: 421-436.
[4]
Benyoub. (2011). Détermination de quelques paramètres biochimiques chez la rate wistar consommant un régime cafeteria enrichie en huile de lin, Mémoire de Magister en agronomie, Université Abou BekrBelkaid Tlemcen, Algérie. 96p.
[5]
Bouafou, K. K. and M. Offoumou. (2007). Bilan azotée chez le rat en croissance de la farine d’asticots séchés. Tropicultura, p 70-74.
[6]
Dally, A. M, K. Kouamé, K. Bouafou and S. Kati-Coulibaly. (2010). Efficacité nutritionnelle de trois mets Ivoiriens: cabatoh à la sauce dah au nord; foutou igname à la sauce gouagouassou au centre; riz cuit à la sauce graine à l'ouest. Journal of Applied Biosciences, 33: 2084-2090.
[7]
Dijkhuizen. (2000). “Processed Complementary Foods in the World Food programFood and Nutrition Bulletin, 21 (1): 62-64.
[8]
Gerbouin-Rerolle. (1996). Les aliments de sevrage, Cahier de Sante, 6, 225-236.
[9]
Kleinknecht, F. Terzi, M. Burtin, D. Laouari, S. Maniar. (1995). Experimental models ofnephron reduction: some answers, many questions. Kidney Int., 47: 51-54.
[10]
Meite, G. Kouamé, S. Kati-Coulibaly and A. Offoumou. (2008). Étude de la valeur nutritionnelle du pain normal et des pains composites contenant de la farine de graines délipidées de Citrullus lanatus (Cucurbitacées), Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, Vol. 77, pp. 80-103.
[11]
Mezajoug. (2010). Propriétés nutritionnelle et fonctionnelle des protéines de tourteaux du concentrat et isolat de ricinodendron heudelotii. Bail. Pierre et Pax et tetracarpidium conophorum (Muiller Arg.). Thèse en Procédés Biotechnologie et Alimentaire. Université de Nancy, 226p.
[12]
Müller, M. (2005). Review: Malnutrition and Health in developing countries. Journal of the Canadian Medical Association, 173: 279-86.
[13]
Nitou; J. A.; G. Bouanga-Kalou; R. K. Niamayoua; J. M. Nzikou; S. Itoua-Okouango; M. Elenga; 3Matos L.; M. Mvoula-Tsieri; Th. Silou. (2012). Evaluation de l’état nutritionnel des mères allaitantes et de leurs nourrissons au Congo. Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 2012. Vol. 13, Issue 1: 1687-1697.
[14]
Pawlak, R. (1968). Influence de la supplémentation des protéines de blé par les doses croissantes de lysine sur la teneur en acides aminés libres du sang et du muscle du rat en croissance. Ann. Biol. Bioch. Biophys., 7: 517-530.
[15]
Rahman, A. M, D. Mahalanabis, M. Wahed, M. Khatun and N. Majid. (1997). Absorption of macronutrients from a calorie-dense diet in malnourished children during acute shigellosis. Journal of PediatricsGastroenterol Nutrition, 24 (2): 119-123.
[16]
Société Canadienne de Pédiatrie (SCP). (2013). Comité des maladies infectieuses et d’immunisation. Maternal infectious diseases, antimicrobial therapy or immunizations: Very few contraindications to breast feeding. Pediatrist Child Health, 11 (8): 489-491.
[17]
Trèche. (1996). Influence de la densité énergétique et de la viscosité des bouilliessur l’ingère énergétique des nourrissons, Cahier de Sante, 6: 237-243.
[18]
Tremolieres. (1977). Nutrition, Physiologies, comportement alimentaire. Ed. Dunod, Paris: 100-198.
[19]
Wolter, V. J, Durix A., Letourneau J., Carcelen M. (1982). Digestibilité comparée de quatre céréales (avoine, orge, maïs, blé). Ann. Zootech., 31: 445-458.
[20]
Zannou, K. B, G. Kouamé and B. Konan. (2011). Etude de la valeur nutritive de farines infantiles à base de manioc et de soja pour enfant en âge de sevrage. Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, Vol. 80, 2011, p. 748-758.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186