Drugs (Alcohol/Khat) Use Stimulants and as Risk Factor for HIV/AIDS Infection, Among Provider Initiated Counselling and Testing (PICT) Visitors in Gore Town, Oromia, Ethiopia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 643-649
Received: Jan. 19, 2015; Accepted: Feb. 6, 2015; Published: Jul. 10, 2015
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Authors
Tesfalem Atnafu Waldegabrel, Department of Biology, Mettu University, Mettu, Ethiopia
Ayelign Melesse Wubetie, Department of Biology, Mettu University, Mettu, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Background: HIV/AIDS infection is currently a major challenge for the world especially for the developing nations. Different scholars reported that infection prevalence is higher among substance abusers. Methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted at Gore Health Center, Ethiopia. A total of 256 samples collected from patients visiting PICT center for HIV/AIDS test. The data were gathered through interview with the respondents and the HIV test results were recorded in the laboratory through investigating the blood sample of respondents at PICT. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Intake of alcohol and Khat showed a significant association with HIV infection. Results: This study output implicates triples chance of infection among the Khat [OR & (95%CI) 3.512 (1.695, 7.278)] and alcohol [OR & (95% CI) = 3.285 (1.576, 6.847)] and six times both users [OR & (95% CI) = 6.615 (3.096, 14.134)] over those of control groups. Sex analysis depicts females were found 2 times males likely for HIV infection [OR (95% CI) =2.03 (0.603, 2.515)]. None educated were 1.94 times [OR (95% CI) = 1.944] as compared with secondary and above educational level. Conclusion: Substance abuse (khat and alcohol) found as major risk factor exposing for HIV/AIDS infection. Peer and social pressure is critical way that indulges people’s for addicted use of alcohol and khat. In most cases khat use accompanied by alcohol that triggers chain of addictions and harmful consequences. Recommendation: Develop abusing drug use models (measures, control, demand and supply reduction, and creating awareness) for addressing effective prevention and control mechanisms.
Keywords
HIV, AIDS, Alcohol, Khat, PICT, Gore, Cases & Controls
To cite this article
Tesfalem Atnafu Waldegabrel, Ayelign Melesse Wubetie, Drugs (Alcohol/Khat) Use Stimulants and as Risk Factor for HIV/AIDS Infection, Among Provider Initiated Counselling and Testing (PICT) Visitors in Gore Town, Oromia, Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 643-649. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150305.18
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