Factors Associated to Job Satisfaction Among Healthcare Workers at Public Hospitals of West Shoa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia: A Cross Sectional Study
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 161-167
Received: Jan. 21, 2015; Accepted: Jan. 29, 2015; Published: Feb. 9, 2015
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Authors
Mulugeta Mekuria Mengistu, Department of Public Health, College of Health and medical Science, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia
Ayele Geleto Bali, Department of Public Health, College of medicine and Health Science, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Background: Health services are affected by a number of factors including availability of human resources, health infrastructures and health delivery system. Human resource is a vital component in delivering health services. Health systems cannot function effectively without sufficient numbers of skilled and motivated health workers. Job satisfaction can build up employee motivation and performance which will increase productivity and efficiency. The main aim of this study is to assess job satisfaction and associated factors among health workers at public hospitals in west Shoa zone of Oromia Region. Methods: Facility based cross-sectional study was conducted among 166 randomly selected health workers from public hospitals of west Shoa zone. Data were collected by self-administered structured questionnaires, entered into epidata and analyzed with SPSS software. Multivariable logistic regression with 95% CI at P ≤ 0.05 was used to assess associated factors to job satisfaction.Result:Atotalof166healthworkersparticipatedwithresponserateof100.0%.The result showed that 65.1% of health workers were dissatisfied with their job. The major reasons reported for dissatisfaction were poor payment scheme, lack of training opportunity, and lack of incentives, bureaucratic management style, poor performance evaluation system and poor working conditions. The correlation between the different aspects of job satisfaction was found to be significant. Age of respondents, profession, level of education, future intention, service year and participation in decision making were found to be significantly associated with job satisfaction. Conclusion: Majority of the study participants in our study were dissatisfied with their job. The great deal of the health workers job dissatisfaction was attributed to hospital bureaucratic management style. Managers and policy makers should give due consideration on health workers job satisfaction if they really want to achieve their goals and objectives.
Keywords
Job Satisfaction, Public Hospital, Health Professionals, Motivation
To cite this article
Mulugeta Mekuria Mengistu, Ayele Geleto Bali, Factors Associated to Job Satisfaction Among Healthcare Workers at Public Hospitals of West Shoa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia: A Cross Sectional Study, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2015, pp. 161-167. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150302.12
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