Kawasaki Disease – Tissue Scurvy Misdiagnosed as Non-accidental Injury
American Journal of Internal Medicine
Volume 1, Issue 2, July 2013, Pages: 21-24
Received: Jul. 25, 2013; Published: Aug. 20, 2013
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Author
Michael D Innis, Retired Haematologist, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane,Australia
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Abstract
Kawasaki Disease is an illness of unknown aetiology,occurs worldwide,and mainly affects Japanese or Asian children under 5 years of age. One feature of the disease, extensive bruising, suggested the possibility of Vitamin C deficiency since it is one of the main causes of bruises in children. Vitamin C deficiency may present in the form of “Tissue Scurvy” – an autoimmune disorder in which there is an abundance of Vitamin C in the body(unlike the Seafarer Scurvy of yesteryear)but it is inhibited from entering the cell to perform its functions because of the lack of insulin which is essential for the transfer of Vitamin C into the cell.Here it is shown a child presenting with the signs and symptoms of Kawasaki Disease was found to have hyperglycaemia, implying insulin deficiency.It is concluded that Kawasaki Disease is an autoimmune disorderfollowing antigenic stimulation in a genetically susceptible child.
Keywords
Kawasaki Disease, Non-accidental Injury, Tissue Scurvy
To cite this article
Michael D Innis, Kawasaki Disease – Tissue Scurvy Misdiagnosed as Non-accidental Injury, American Journal of Internal Medicine. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2013, pp. 21-24. doi: 10.11648/j.ajim.20130102.13
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