Assessment of Quality Assurance Program of HIV Testing in Ethiopia
American Journal of Internal Medicine
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 106-108
Received: Nov. 1, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 11, 2014; Published: Nov. 20, 2014
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Author
Belayneh Regasa, Medical Microbiology Department, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Background: HIV/AIDS is one of the most challenging health crises facing the world today. The availability of excellent HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) tests does not automatically guarantee reliable result. Many steps are involved between specimen collections to the moment when reported to physician and at each step something may go wrong. Measures to control the quality of result in HIV diagnostic laboratories are extremely important, because of the consequence of either false positive or false negative results are huge. Methods: A cross sectional study conducted to assess quality assurance program of HIV testing in Addis Ababa Hospitals and Clinics, Ethiopia from May to October 2012. A well designed and structured questionnaire, Checklist and onsite observation were used to collect data. Data was processed and analyzed with SPSS version16.0. Results: Out of 20 assessed hospitals and clinics cases, 3(14%) laboratory personnel’s who conduct HIV testing were found to have no training in HIV testing. Some laboratories 2 (10%) do not follow HIV testing algorithm and also 2 (10%) laboratory personnel’s do not know what to do in case of indeterminate result. HIV testing methods used were Rapid/ simple 20(100%), ELISA 13 (65%), and Western blot 1(5%). All laboratories use controls that are supplied with kit but 2 (10%) laboratories use external control (pooled sera) additionally. Seventeen (85%) uses manual (guidelines) supplied with kits but none of them uses SOPs (Standard operating procedures). There was poor participation in EQA (External Quality Assessment) program (50%). Conclusion: This study showed that there is lack of qualified human resources, not following HIV testing algorithm and poor participation in External quality assessment program. Therefore having a good quality assurance program and participation in external quality assessment scheme is indispensable. In addition, provision of refreshment training for laboratory personnel’s’ who conduct HIV testing and involving them in planning and management will increase the quality of HIV testing.
Keywords
HIV, HIV Testing and Quality Assurance
To cite this article
Belayneh Regasa, Assessment of Quality Assurance Program of HIV Testing in Ethiopia, American Journal of Internal Medicine. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2014, pp. 106-108. doi: 10.11648/j.ajim.20140206.13
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