Underweight May Be a Risk Factor for Lower Bone Density in Chronic Hepatitis C Infected Male Patients
American Journal of Internal Medicine
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 213-216
Received: Aug. 22, 2015; Accepted: Aug. 29, 2015; Published: Sep. 9, 2015
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Authors
Amin R. Soliman, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Hatem Darwish, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Ahmed Hamdy, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Mahmoud A. Soliman, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
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Abstract
Background/Aim of the study: Osteoporosis and osteopenia are well known complications in patients with chronic liver disease, we aimed to investigate Egyptian male patients with chronic hepatitis C infection as regard the bone mineral density and risk factors for osteoporosis in this subpopulation and correlating it to BMI (body mass index). Patients and methods: One Hundred ninety-three Egyptian male patients with hepatitis C virus CLD has been enrolled and consented: 116 under weight and 77 normal weight, Chronic HCV infection was confirmed by positive anti-HCV antibodies and HCV RNA PCR. Cirrhosis was diagnosed based on sonographic and laboratory criteria. Noninvasive methods were used: the FibroScan test was used for assessment of liver fibrosis. Blood was drawn for routine tests included total serum calcium, phosphate, creatinine and total alkaline phosphatase using standard methods. 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25OHD) were done. Bone mineral density: BMD of the lumbar spine, femoral neck: using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)Scan were analyzed by the same technician. Results were correlated to Body mass index and Serum vitamin D level. Results: Demographic Data and Clinical Characteristics of Under and Normal Weight Chronic Hepatitis C Men were recorded, the results showed statistically significant correlations between under and normal weight HCV patients regarding BMI and BMD (in right hip and femoral neck, p values were 0.002 and 0.004, respectively). Subnormal 25 hydroxy vitamin D levels were present in 64% of the underweight patients and 51% of the normal weight patients with no significant differences between both groups. Conclusion: the body weight and BMI might be more detrimental for low BMD in male patients with CLD secondary to HCV infection rather than vitamin D status.
Keywords
Chronic Hepatitis C, Low Vitamin D Level, Underweight, Bone Mineral Density
To cite this article
Amin R. Soliman, Hatem Darwish, Ahmed Hamdy, Mahmoud A. Soliman, Underweight May Be a Risk Factor for Lower Bone Density in Chronic Hepatitis C Infected Male Patients, American Journal of Internal Medicine. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 213-216. doi: 10.11648/j.ajim.20150305.14
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