Beyond the Legislation for Sickle Cell Disease Prevention - Getting the Right Outcomes
American Journal of Internal Medicine
Volume 7, Issue 3, May 2019, Pages: 56-65
Received: Feb. 26, 2019;
Accepted: Apr. 23, 2019;
Published: Jun. 12, 2019
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Ogbonna Collins Nwabuko, Department of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria; Department of Hematology, College of Health Science, Abia State University, Aba Campus, Abia State, Nigeria; Department of Public Health Sciences, Walden University, Baltimore, USA
Ransome Eke, Department of Health Science, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, USA
Mwayabo Jean Claude Kazadi, Center for Disease Control Epidemic Control Project, Catholic Relief Services, Lusaka, Zambia
This study aimed at highlighting benefits derivable from legislation for Sickle cell disease (SCD) prevention using the three levels of health legislative power (primary, secondary and tertiary). It was an evidence-based integrative review of 54 references related to SCD, epidemiology, management, and legislation for its control over the past three decades (1979-2018). Two keywords (SCD and Legislation/Policy) were used as search strategy to identify the problem, intervention, and outcome evaluation of the research questions. MeSH, Medline, CINAHL, PubMed, Cochrane Database Systematic Review, Google Scholar and African Journal Online were search databases reviewed. The expected outcomes were categorized into three levels of benefits. They were primary, secondary and tertiary categories of benefit. While the primary category would institutionalize pre-genetic counseling in the health institutions, the secondary and tertiary groups would establish screening (prenatal and newborn)/comprehensive care and curative interventions (i.e., investigational therapies and stem cell transplantation) respectively for people living with SCD. These interventions will enhance SCD surveillance, screening, auditing, health needs assessment, treatment, control, and prevention in the target audience. Conclusions The legislation for Sickle Cell Disease prevention in the target population would promote early disease detection, treatment, and prevention. We expect that with an increase in case ascertainment, the disability-adjusted life year (DALY) would reduce so also other complications. This legislation will diffuse new innovations in SCD management and research which will ultimately improve the health indices of people living with the disease globally.
Ogbonna Collins Nwabuko,
Mwayabo Jean Claude Kazadi,
Beyond the Legislation for Sickle Cell Disease Prevention - Getting the Right Outcomes, American Journal of Internal Medicine.
Vol. 7, No. 3,
2019, pp. 56-65.
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