Total Hip Arthroplasty in a Developing Country: Epidemiological, Clinical and Etiological Aspects and Indications
Journal of Surgery
Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 130-133
Received: Oct. 29, 2017; Accepted: Dec. 4, 2017; Published: Dec. 22, 2017
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Authors
Bio Tamou Sambo, Department of General Surgery, University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin
Salako Alexandre Allode, Department of General Surgery, University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin
Gnon Yari Jamilath Ouorou, Department of General Surgery, University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin
Djifid Morel Seto, Department of General Surgery, University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin
Montcho Adrien Hodonou, Department of General Surgery, University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin
Haoudou Romeo, Department of General Surgery, Tanguieta District Hospital, Tanguieta, Benin
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Abstract
Background: Total hip arthroplasty is a prosthetic joint replacement procedure. Its indications remain dominated by hip osteoarthritis. Objective: to describe the epidemiological, clinical and etiological aspects of total hip arthroplasty and its indications in a developing country. Patients and Methods: The work was a descriptive study with retrospective data collection over a six year period from January 1st 2010 to December 31st 2015. It was carried out in the general surgery department of Tanguieta district hospital in Northern Benin. Were included all the patients who received a total hip prosthesis during the study period. Results: Two hundred and forty-five patients including 129 men (52.7%) and 116 women (47.3%) were registered. The average age of the patients was 41 ± 13.7 years with extremes of 17 and 80 years. Thirty patients (12.2%) had bilateral total hip prosthesis. The first three indications were osteoarthritis, osteonecrosis of the femoral head due to sickle-cell disease and pseudarthrose of the femoral neck. Conclusion: Total hip prosthesis at Tanguieta district hospital interests young people. Osteoarthritis and necrosis of the femoral head were the most frequent indications.
Keywords
Total Hip Arthroplasty, Youth, Osteoarthritis, Sickle-Cell Disease
To cite this article
Bio Tamou Sambo, Salako Alexandre Allode, Gnon Yari Jamilath Ouorou, Djifid Morel Seto, Montcho Adrien Hodonou, Haoudou Romeo, Total Hip Arthroplasty in a Developing Country: Epidemiological, Clinical and Etiological Aspects and Indications, Journal of Surgery. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 130-133. doi: 10.11648/j.js.20170506.18
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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