Is There Relationship between Quality Indicators and Acquired Pressure Ulcers in Austrian Hospitals and Nursing Homes
Journal of Surgery
Volume 3, Issue 2-1, March 2015, Pages: 1-7
Received: Feb. 7, 2015; Accepted: Mar. 3, 2015; Published: Apr. 23, 2015
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Eman S. M. Shahin, Medical-Surgical Nursing department, Faculty of Nursing, Port Said University, Port Said, Egypt; Department of Nursing Science, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria
Christa Lohrmann, Department of Nursing Science, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria
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Objectives: this study aims to assess the period prevalence of Austrian hospital- and nursing home-acquired pressure ulcers, and of pressure ulcer quality indicators in both settings over time. Methods: Design: A descriptive study (period prevalence) was conducted in hospitals and nursing homes between 2009 and 2012. The study sample covered hospital patients and nursing home residents who gave informed consent in the study (n= 13,438). The instrument used in this study was the German version of the Dutch National Prevalence Measurement of Care Problems (Landelijke Prevalentiemeting Zorgproblemen/LPZ) which covers demographic data, questions regarding quality indicators of pressure ulcers and the Braden scale. The results revealed that the period prevalence of pressure ulcers, excluding category one, was 6.4% in hospitals and 6.3% in nursing homes, whereas the period prevalence of hospital-acquired pressure ulcers, excluding category one, was 2.4% in hospitals and 4.6% in nursing homes. Six quality indicators for pressure ulcers (e.g. pressure ulcer prevention committee, pressure ulcer agreement guidelines, management protocol/guidelines for pressure ulcer prevention products, information brochures) exist in hospitals and five in nursing homes. Conclusion: The results indicated that 44% of pressure ulcer period prevalence in hospitals was hospital-acquired while 75.7% of pressure ulcer period prevalence in nursing homes was nursing home-acquired. A longitudinal study is needed to clarify the relationship between different quality indicators of pressure ulcers and the increase/decrease of the pressure ulcer rate in response to the use of these quality indicators.
Quality Indicators, Pressure Ulcer, Prevalence, Hospitals, Nursing Homes
To cite this article
Eman S. M. Shahin, Christa Lohrmann, Is There Relationship between Quality Indicators and Acquired Pressure Ulcers in Austrian Hospitals and Nursing Homes, Journal of Surgery. Special Issue: Postoperative Pain Syndrome. Vol. 3, No. 2-1, 2015, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.js.s.2015030201.11
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