Oral Manifestation of Kaposi's Sarcoma in Patient with AIDS: Case Report
American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 205-208
Received: Aug. 1, 2017; Accepted: Sep. 14, 2017; Published: Nov. 6, 2017
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Authors
Elcio Magdalena Giovani, Center for Studies and Special Service for Patients, Faculty of Dentistry, Paulista University, Institute of Health Sciences, São Paulo, Brazil
Bruno Vieira Caputo, Center for Studies and Special Service for Patients, Faculty of Dentistry, Paulista University, Institute of Health Sciences, São Paulo, Brazil
Ruth Ydania Andia-Merlin, Center for Studies and Special Service for Patients, Faculty of Dentistry, Paulista University, Institute of Health Sciences, São Paulo, Brazil
Camila Correia Dos Santos, Center for Studies and Special Service for Patients, Faculty of Dentistry, Paulista University, Institute of Health Sciences, São Paulo, Brazil
Rodolfo Georgevich Neto, Center for Studies and Special Service for Patients, Faculty of Dentistry, Paulista University, Institute of Health Sciences, São Paulo, Brazil
Kelly Cristine Tarquinio Marinho, Center for Studies and Special Service for Patients, Faculty of Dentistry, Paulista University, Institute of Health Sciences, São Paulo, Brazil
Claudio Costa, Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Fátima Cristina Carneiro Marques, Center for Studies and Special Service for Patients, Faculty of Dentistry, Paulista University, Institute of Health Sciences, São Paulo, Brazil
Alfredo Mikail Melo Mesquista, Center for Studies and Special Service for Patients, Faculty of Dentistry, Paulista University, Institute of Health Sciences, São Paulo, Brazil
Gilberto Araujo Noro Filho, Center for Studies and Special Service for Patients, Faculty of Dentistry, Paulista University, Institute of Health Sciences, São Paulo, Brazil
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Abstract
In the early 1980s, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome was recognized and described in men who had sex with previously healthy men and young people, who were affected by atypical pneumopathy caused by an opportunistic microorganism, identified as Pneumocystis carinii, and now known as Pneumocystis jiroveci, evidenced by purplish or brown nodular lesions revealed in the histopathological Kaposi's sarcoma. Kaposi's sarcoma is the most frequent neoplasm in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Its pathophysiology has been associated with the presence of a herpes virus, whose etiologic agent is a member of the herpesvirus or herpes virus type 8 family(HHV-8), which can be transmitted through sexual contact, which would be implicated in the onset of the disease. This case report seeks to present the diagnosis and bring the light of knowledge to the Dentist the need to launch hands of complementary examinations and to effectively seek important therapeutic measures in the treatment of the pathology. In this case, with the start of HAART administration, the tumor regressed, leading the patient to well being, and with evident improvements in their quality of life.
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Kaposi's Sarcoma, Treatment
To cite this article
Elcio Magdalena Giovani, Bruno Vieira Caputo, Ruth Ydania Andia-Merlin, Camila Correia Dos Santos, Rodolfo Georgevich Neto, Kelly Cristine Tarquinio Marinho, Claudio Costa, Fátima Cristina Carneiro Marques, Alfredo Mikail Melo Mesquista, Gilberto Araujo Noro Filho, Oral Manifestation of Kaposi's Sarcoma in Patient with AIDS: Case Report, American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 205-208. doi: 10.11648/j.ajcem.20170506.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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