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Bed-sore and Associated Factors Among Patients Admitted at Surgical Wards of Wolaita Sodo University Teaching and Referral Hospital, Southern Ethiopia
American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Volume 8, Issue 4, July 2020, Pages: 62-68
Received: Jun. 9, 2020; Accepted: Jun. 19, 2020; Published: Jul. 23, 2020
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Aseb Arba, School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
Melese Meleku, School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
Atinafu Nega, School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
Esayas Aydiko, School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
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Background: Bed sore has long been recognized as major cause of morbidity, mortality and health care burden globally and worst in developing countries like Ethiopia. It is one of key performance indicators of quality of care provided to patient. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess magnitude of bed sore and associated factors among patients admitted to surgical ward of Wolaita Sodo University Teaching and Referral Hospital, South Ethiopia. Method: We conducted institution-based cross-sectional study from February- June, 2019. A systematic random sampling technique was applied to select 237 patients who were admitted to surgical ward of Hospital. We collected data through face to face interview using a structured and pretested questionnaire, prepared check lists and physical examination. After collection, we entered data into Statistical Package for Social Sciences Version 23. We conducted descriptive analysis and logistic regressions to identify factors associated with dependent variable. We declared presence of statistically significant association at p-value less than 0.05 at 95% confidence interval. Results: Eight patients or 3.4% among 237 admitted patients developed bedsore. Patients older than fifty three years (AOR=11.84, 95%CI (1.05, 133.259), living in rural area (AOR=6.64, 95%CI (1.09, 40.58) and being bedridden patient (AOR=7.82, 95%CI (1.27, 48.38) possessed factors associated with bedsore development. Conclusion and recommendation: The magnitude of bed sore was medium; but it needs improvement because it is one of criteria that indicate quality of service rendered in hospital. Bedsore occurrence was associated with increasing age, rural residence and being bedridden patient. Therefore, frequent positioning of the patient and health education for patients from rural areas and special and frequent care for those unable to care for themselves were needed to minimize occurrence of bed sore.
Pressure Ulcer, Bed Sore, Decubitus Ulcer, Bedridden Patient
To cite this article
Aseb Arba, Melese Meleku, Atinafu Nega, Esayas Aydiko, Bed-sore and Associated Factors Among Patients Admitted at Surgical Wards of Wolaita Sodo University Teaching and Referral Hospital, Southern Ethiopia, American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2020, pp. 62-68. doi: 10.11648/j.ajcem.20200804.11
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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