Biologically Potential for Pharmacologicals and Phytochemicals of Medicinal Plants of Colocasia esculenta: A Comprehensive Review
American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Volume 3, Issue 5-1, October 2015, Pages: 7-11
Received: Jun. 29, 2015; Accepted: Jul. 1, 2015; Published: Jul. 15, 2015
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Authors
Md. Reyad-ul-Ferdous, Department of Pharmacy, Progati Medical Institute, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Department of Pharmacy, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Saiful Islam Arman, Department of Pharmacy, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Md. Munirul Islam Tanvir, Department of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh
Shamsunnahar Sumi, Department of Pharmacy, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Kazi Md. Mostafizur Rahman Siddique, Department of Pharmacy, University of Asia Pacific, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Md. Mustahsan Billah, Department of Pharmacy, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh
Md. Siddiqul Islam, Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
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Abstract
Colocasia esculenta (L) Schott of the family Araceae is an herbaceous perennial plant cultivated as annuals. Local name of C. esculenta is Kochu in Bangladesh and Taro in India. C. esculenta (L) is an ancient crop grown throughout the humid tropics and is widely used throughout the world; Africa, Asia, the West Indies, and South America. Its edible corms and leaves are traditionally used for hepatic ailments. Juice obtained from stems. Schott is used to stop bleeding from cuts and Wounds. The young leaves and roots are rich in Vitamin C as well as starch. It contains calcium, phosphorours, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, oxalic acid, calcium oxalate, sapotoxin and flavones, apigenin and luteolin. The biological properties as well as chemical constituents of plant C. esculenta were widely used in folk medicine. In traditional medicine, C. esculenta is used as Anti microbial, Antihepatotoxic, Anti-cancer, Anti-Lipidperoxidative, Antibacterial and Antifungal, Antidiabetic, Anti-melanogenic, Anthelmintic. In present study, C. esculenta shows potent pharmacological activity such as Antimicrobial, Antihepatotoxic, Anti-cancer, Anti-Lipidperoxidative, antibacterial and Antifungal, Antidiabetic, Anti-melanogenic, Anthelmintic. Due to present of several potential chemical constituents it may use in several disease conditions for the future treatment.
Keywords
Colocasia esculenta, Phytochemicals, Pharmacologicals, Antihepatotoxic, Anti-Cancer, Antidiabetic, Anti-Lipidperoxidative, Anti-Melanogenic, Anthelmintic
To cite this article
Md. Reyad-ul-Ferdous, Md. Saiful Islam Arman, Md. Munirul Islam Tanvir, Shamsunnahar Sumi, Kazi Md. Mostafizur Rahman Siddique, Md. Mustahsan Billah, Md. Siddiqul Islam, Biologically Potential for Pharmacologicals and Phytochemicals of Medicinal Plants of Colocasia esculenta: A Comprehensive Review, American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Special Issue: Herbal Remedies as Alternative to Future Drugs Development and Treatment . Vol. 3, No. 5-1, 2015, pp. 7-11. doi: 10.11648/j.ajcem.s.2015030501.12
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