Present Biological Status of Potential Medicinal Plant of Amaranthus viridis: A Comprehensive Review
American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Volume 3, Issue 5-1, October 2015, Pages: 12-17
Received: Jul. 9, 2015;
Accepted: Jul. 11, 2015;
Published: Jul. 23, 2015
Views 6114 Downloads 151
Md. Reyad-ul-Ferdous, Department of Pharmacy, Progati Medical Institute, Bangladesh; Department of Pharmacy, State University of Bangladesh, Bangladesh; Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, North South University, Bangladesh
D. M. Shamim Shahjahan, Department of Pharmacy, State University of Bangladesh, Bangladesh
Sharif Tanvir, Department of Pharmacy, State University of Bangladesh, Bangladesh
Mohsina Mukti, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, North South University, Bangladesh
Amaranthus viridis L. belongs to family (Amaranthaceae) commonly known as “Chowlai” is a common wild vegetable and weed of cultivation. A. viridis contains several compounds like amino acids lysine, arginine, histidine, cystine, phenylalanine, leucine, isoleucine, valine, threonine, methionine, tyrosine etc. In search of new activities chemical entities, pytochemical screening of the extract from leaves of A. vilidis L. indicates the presence of biologically active constituent: saponins, tannins and phenols, flavonoids, alkaloids, cardiac glycoside, steroid and triterpenoids. A. vilidis L have some chemical constituent that exhibits potent anti-inflammatory, antihepatotoxic, antiulcer antiallergic, antiviral actions. A. viridis used in Indian and Nepalese traditional system to reduce labour pain and act an antipyretic. The Negritos of the Philippines apply the bruised leaves directly to eczema, psoriasis and rashes etc. Other traditional uses range from an anti-inflammatory agent of the urinary tract, venereal diseases vermifuge, diuretic, anti-rheumatic, antiulcer, analgesic, antiemetic, laxative, improvement of appetite, antilep-rotic, treatment of respiratory and eye problems , to treatment of asthma.
D. M. Shamim Shahjahan,
Present Biological Status of Potential Medicinal Plant of Amaranthus viridis: A Comprehensive Review, American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Special Issue: Herbal Remedies as Alternative to Future Drugs Development and Treatment .
Vol. 3, No. 5-1,
2015, pp. 12-17.
ELUWA, M. C.. Studies on G. rhomboidalis (Boheman) (coleoptera: Curculionidea), a pest of African spinach. Journal of Natural History, 1977;11: 417 – 424.
Brenan, J.P.M. The genus Amaranthus in southern Africa. Journal of South African Botany. 1981;47: 451–492.
Kiritikar KR, Basu BD. Indian Medicinal Plants. Vol. 3. 2nd ed. In: Kirtikar KR, Basu BD (eds). Dehra Dun, India: International book distributors; 1987, 2061-2062.
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). Publications and Information Directorate. The Wealth of India. Vol. 1. A Dictionary of In-dian raw materials and industrial products. New Delhi, India: 1988. 221 p.
Agra MF, Baracho GS, Nurit K, Basilio IJLD, Coelho VPM. Medicinal and poisonous diversity of the flora of “Cariri Paraibano” Brazil. J Ethno-pharmacol 2007; 111(2):283-395.
Sena LP, Vanderjagt DJ, Rivera C, Tsin ATC, Muhamadu I, Mahamadou O, et al. Analysis of nutritional components of eight famine foods of the Republic of Nigeria. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 1998; 52(1):17-30.
Gallagher, R. S., & Cardina, J.. Phytochrome-mediated Amaranthus germination I: Effect of seed burial and germination temperature. Weed Sci.1998; 46, 48–52.
M. B. Nordeide, A. Hatløy, M. Følling, E. Lied and A. Oshaug , Nutrient composition and nutritional importance of green leaves and wild food resources in an agricultural district, Koutiala, in Southern Mali. 1996; 47(6) , 455-468 .
Bagepalli Srinivas Ashok Kumar , Kuruba Lakshman , Korala Konta Narsimha Jayaveera , Devangam Sheshadri Shekar , Chinna SwamyVel Muragan , and Bachappa Manoj , Antinociceptive and Antipyretic Activities of Amaranthus Viridis Linn in Different Experimental Models. Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology.2009;1(3): 167-171.
Muhammad Javid Iqbal, Sumaira Hanif, Zahed Mahmood, Farooq Anwar and Amer Jamil Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Chowlai (Amaranthus viridis L.) leaf and seed extracts. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. 2012; 6(27), 4450-4455.
Ashok Kumar BS, Lakshman K, Narayan Swamy VB, Arun Kumar PA, Sheshadri Shekar D, Manoj B, Vishwantha GL Hepatoprotective and Antioxidant Activities of Amaranthus viridis Linn. Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2011 Jun 15; 4(2):125-130. doi:10.3889/MJMS.1857-5773.2011.0163 Basic Science.
Ashok Kumar BS, Lakshman K, Jayaveea KN, Sheshadri Shekar D, Saleemulla Khan, Thippeswamy BS, Veerapur VP Antidiabetic, antihyperlipidemic and antioxidant activities of methanolic extract of Amaranthus viridis Linn in alloxan induced diabetic rats. 2012; 64(1-2):75-79.
Sravan Prasad Macharla,Venkateshwarlu Goli, K Vijaya Bhasker, P. Suvarna Devi Ch. Dhanalakshmi, Ch. Sanjusha, Effects of anti-inflammatory activity of Amaranthus viridis Linn. Scholars Research Library Annals of Biological Research, 2011, 2 (4): 435-438.
Ashok Kumar, B.S, lakshman, K.,jayaveera, K.N., Nandeesh, R., Manoj, B. and Ranganayakulu, D ,Comparative in vitro Anthelmintic Activity of Three Plants From The Amaranthaceae Family. Arch. Biol. Sci., Belgrade. 2010;62(1),185-189. DOI:10.2298/ABS1001185K .
Bruna Carminate, Giordano Bruna Martin,Roney Martinho Barcelos,Ivoney Gontijo,Marcelo Suzart de Almeida,Valdenir Jose Belinelo Evaluation of Antifungal Activity of Amaranthus viridis L. (Amaranthaceae) on Fusariosis by Piper nigrum L. and on Anthracnose by Musa sp. Agricultural Journal. 2012; 7(3):215-219.
Girija Krishnamurthy, Kuruba Lakshman, Nagaraj Pruthvi, and Pulla Udaya Chandrik Department of Pharmacognosy, Peoples Educational Society, College of Pharmacy, Bangalore - 560 050, Karnataka, India.Correspondence to: Dr. K. Lakshman, E-mail: email@example.comAntihyperglycemic and hypolipidemic activity of methanolic extract of Amaranthus viridis leaves in experimental diabetes, Indian J Pharmacol. 2011; 43(4): 450–454.
Girija K, Lakshman K, Udaya Chandrika, Sabhya Sachi Ghosh, Divya T. Anti-diabetic and anti-cholesterolemic activity of methanol extracts of three species of Amaranthus. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2011;1(2):133-8. doi:10.1016/S2221-1691(11)60011-7.
Sena LP, Vanderjagt DJ, Rivera C, Tsin AT, Muhamadu I, Mahamadou O, Millson M, Pastuszyn A, Glew RH , Analysis of nutritional components of eight famine foods of the Republic of Niger. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 1998; 52(1):17-30.
Brenan, J.P.M.. The genus Amaranthus in southern Africa. Journal of South African Botany . 1981; 47: 451–492.
Musharaf Khan, Shahana Musharaf, Mohammad Ibrar and Farrukh Hussain Pharmacognostic evaluation of the Amaranthus viridis L Research in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology. 2011; 3(1), 11-16.
Hamid Kheyrodin, Isolation and identification of new eleven constituents from medicinal plant. International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism. 2009; 1(2) 014-019l.
Muhammad Islam, Ejaz Ali, Muhammad Asif Saeed, Muhammad Jamshaid and Muhammad Tahir Javed Khan. Antimicrobial and irritant activities of the extracts of Malva parviflora L., Malvastrum coromandelianum L. AND Amaranthus viridis L. –A preliminary investigation, 42.Pak. J. Pharm. 20-23 (1 & 2), 3-6, 2007-2010 ISSN: 1019-956X.
G Saravanan, P Ponmurugan, M Sathiyavathi, S Vadivukkarasi, S Sengottuvelu , Cardioprotective activity of Amaranthus viridis Linn: Effect on serum marker enzymes, cardiac troponin and antioxidant system in experimental myocardial infarcted rats. Int J Cardiol. 2013; 25;165(3):494-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.09.005.
Kaur N, Dhuna V, Kamboj SS, Agrewala JN, Singh J. A novel antiproliferative and antifungal lectin from Amaranthus viridis Linn seeds. Protein Pept Lett. 2006; 13(9):897-905.