Prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anemia among Pregnant Women before Iron Supplementation in Kathmandu University Hospital/Dhulikhel Hospital
Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2014, Pages: 54-58
Received: Jun. 16, 2014; Accepted: Jun. 30, 2014; Published: Jul. 10, 2014
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Authors
Binay Kumar Raut, Department of Biochemistry, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal
Mukesh Kumar Jha, Department of Physiology, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal
Abha Shrestha, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal
Ajya Sah, Faculty of Human Biology, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal
Amit Sapkota, Faculty of Human Biology, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal
Smarika Byanju, Faculty of Human Biology, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal
Shyam Sundar Malla, Department of Biochemistry, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal
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Abstract
Objective: To determine the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia among pregnant women before iron supplementation in Kathmandu university Hospital/ Dhulikhel Hospital. Study area and population: Fifty three pregnant women who have not started iron supplement and attending OPD of Dhulikhel Hospital were selected for this study. Method and Material: A cluster sampling procedure was applied for this prospective and cross-sectional study. Pregnant women without any ongoing infection were selected. Sociodemographic factors, knowledge, attitude and practices of pregnant women towards iron deficiency anemia were obtained by questionnaires and blood samples were drawn. Hemoglobin, ferritin, Total serum Iron and TIBC were measured. Descriptive statistics was used for data presentation. Results: Among 53 participants overall prevalence of anemia with hemoglobin less than 11 gm/dl was 37.74%. The prevalence of IDA among pregnant women was 24.52% and the prevalence of IDA among anemic pregnant women was 65%. The percentage of anemic pregnant women with ferritin <15ng/ml was 70.00%, elevated TIBC> 400µg/dl was 65% and total serum iron < 60µg/dl was 65%. Conclusion: The 65% prevalence of IDA among anemic pregnant women in the present study suggest that there is high chance of being iron deficient in case of the anemic pregnant women who have not taken iron supplements.
Keywords
Anemia, Iron Deficiency, Pregnancy, Dhulikhel Hospital
To cite this article
Binay Kumar Raut, Mukesh Kumar Jha, Abha Shrestha, Ajya Sah, Amit Sapkota, Smarika Byanju, Shyam Sundar Malla, Prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anemia among Pregnant Women before Iron Supplementation in Kathmandu University Hospital/Dhulikhel Hospital, Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2014, pp. 54-58. doi: 10.11648/j.jgo.20140204.12
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