Investigation on Pulmonary Tuberculosis Among Bedele Woreda Prisoners, Southwest Ethiopia
International Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 69-73
Received: Sep. 11, 2015; Accepted: Sep. 28, 2015; Published: Oct. 27, 2015
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Bula Boru Winsa, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences and Pathology, College of Health sciences, Jimma University, Ethiopia
Abdurehman Eshete Mohammed, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences and Pathology, College of Health sciences, Jimma University, Ethiopia
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Back ground: Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne infectious disease. One third of the world population is infected with Mycobacterium. Ethiopia ranks 8th among the world’s top 22 countries severely affected by TB.TB is recognized as a major public health problem in the prisons of sub-Saharan Africa and it remains one of the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide especially in resource limited countries. Purpose: To determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of pulmonary tuberculosis among Bedele woreda prisoners. In addition to this, it will increase the awareness of the prisoners about tuberculosis and used as baseline data for the concerned bodies for the control and prevention of tuberculosis in the prison population. Methods: An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted in Bedele woreda prison and a total of 196 prisoners were enrolled in this study. All suspected prisoners; who had cough for two weeks and more were included. The sputum was collected spot morning spot with screw caped plastic container and sodium hypochlorite technique was used to concentrate the bacilli and stained with Ziehl-Neelsen staining technique. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 20 software. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were computed and P-value < 0.05 was used as statically significance. Result: Out of 196 prisoners screened for pulmonary tuberculosis, 43(21.9%) of the prisoners were positive for Acid Fast Bacilli (AFB). The minimum and maximum age was 18 and 80 respectively. Most of the AFB positive prisoners were male. In multivariate binary logistic regression analysis associated risk factors like cough ≥2 weeks (AOR=0.016, 95% CI: 0.002-0.114, P value <0.05) and history of TB in the group (AOR=0.003, 95% CI: 0.000-0.033, P value <0.05) had significant association with pulmonary tuberculosis. Conclusion: We conclude that a high prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis was seen in Bedele woreda prisoners, which was greater than the general population.
Tuberculosis, Prisoners, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Bula Boru Winsa, Abdurehman Eshete Mohammed, Investigation on Pulmonary Tuberculosis Among Bedele Woreda Prisoners, Southwest Ethiopia, International Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 69-73. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbse.20150306.11
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