Investigation on Pulmonary Tuberculosis Among Bedele Woreda Prisoners, Southwest Ethiopia
International Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 69-73
Received: Sep. 11, 2015; Accepted: Sep. 28, 2015; Published: Oct. 27, 2015
Views 3605      Downloads 94
Authors
Bula Boru Winsa, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences and Pathology, College of Health sciences, Jimma University, Ethiopia
Abdurehman Eshete Mohammed, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences and Pathology, College of Health sciences, Jimma University, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Back ground: Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne infectious disease. One third of the world population is infected with Mycobacterium. Ethiopia ranks 8th among the world’s top 22 countries severely affected by TB.TB is recognized as a major public health problem in the prisons of sub-Saharan Africa and it remains one of the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide especially in resource limited countries. Purpose: To determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of pulmonary tuberculosis among Bedele woreda prisoners. In addition to this, it will increase the awareness of the prisoners about tuberculosis and used as baseline data for the concerned bodies for the control and prevention of tuberculosis in the prison population. Methods: An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted in Bedele woreda prison and a total of 196 prisoners were enrolled in this study. All suspected prisoners; who had cough for two weeks and more were included. The sputum was collected spot morning spot with screw caped plastic container and sodium hypochlorite technique was used to concentrate the bacilli and stained with Ziehl-Neelsen staining technique. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 20 software. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were computed and P-value < 0.05 was used as statically significance. Result: Out of 196 prisoners screened for pulmonary tuberculosis, 43(21.9%) of the prisoners were positive for Acid Fast Bacilli (AFB). The minimum and maximum age was 18 and 80 respectively. Most of the AFB positive prisoners were male. In multivariate binary logistic regression analysis associated risk factors like cough ≥2 weeks (AOR=0.016, 95% CI: 0.002-0.114, P value <0.05) and history of TB in the group (AOR=0.003, 95% CI: 0.000-0.033, P value <0.05) had significant association with pulmonary tuberculosis. Conclusion: We conclude that a high prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis was seen in Bedele woreda prisoners, which was greater than the general population.
Keywords
Tuberculosis, Prisoners, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Bula Boru Winsa, Abdurehman Eshete Mohammed, Investigation on Pulmonary Tuberculosis Among Bedele Woreda Prisoners, Southwest Ethiopia, International Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 69-73. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbse.20150306.11
References
[1]
Murray, P.R, Rosental, K.S, Kobayash, G.S, Pfaller, M.A (2002). Medical Microbiology. 4th edition. St. Louis, Mo, USA.
[2]
WHO (2014). Tuberculosis Report.
[3]
Bergmire-Sweat, D., Barnett, B.J, Harris, S.L., Taylor, J.P., Mazurek, G.H., Reddy, V (1996). Tuberculosis outbreak in a Texas prison, 1994; 117:485-92.
[4]
Chigbu, L. N. and Iroegbu, C.U. (2010). Incidence and Spread of Mycobacterium tuberculosis-associated Infection among Aba Federal Prison Inmates in Nigeria. J Health Popul Nutr; 28: 327–332.
[5]
Legrand, J., Sanchez, A., Le Pont, F., Camacho, L., Larouze, B(2008) .Modeling the Impact of Tuberculosis Control Strategies in Highly Endemic Overcrowded Prisons. PLoS ONE ; 3: e2100.
[6]
Vieira, A.A, Ribeiro, S.A, De Siqueira, A.M, Galesi, V.M, Dos Santos, L.A, Golub JE(2010). Prevalence of patients with respiratory symptoms through active case finding and diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis among prisoners and related predictors in a jail in the city of Carapicuíba, Brazil. Rev Bras Epidemiol; 13:641-50.
[7]
Baussano I, Williams BG, Nunn P, Beggiato M, Fedeli U, et al(2010). Tuberculosis Incidence in Prisons: A Systematic Review. PLoS Med; 7: e1000381.
[8]
The PLoS Medicine Editors (2010). The Health Crisis of Tuberculosis in Prisons Extends beyond the Prison Walls. PLoS Med; 7: e1000383.
[9]
Banu S, Hossain A, Uddin MKM, Uddin MR, Ahmed T, et al(2010). Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Drug Resistance in Dhaka Central Jail, the Largest Prison in Bangladesh. PLoS ONE; 5: e10759.
[10]
Pfyffer GE, Strässle A, van Gorkum T, Portaels F, Rigouts L, Mathieu C, etal(2001). Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in prison inmates, Azerbaijan. Emerg Infect Dis; 7:855-61.
[11]
Coninx R, Maher D, Reyes H, and Grzemska M (2000). Tuberculosis in prisons in countries with high prevalence. BMJ; 320: 440–442.
[12]
Carbonara S , Babudieri S, Longo B , Starnini G , Monarca R , Brunetti B etal(205). Correlates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in a prison population. European Respiratory Journal; 25: 1070-1076.
[13]
Noeske J, Ndi N, Mbondi S (2011). Controlling tuberculosis in prisons against confinement conditions: a lost case? Experience from Cameroon. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease; 15: 223-227.
[14]
Abebe DS, Biffa D, Bjune G, Ameni G, Abebe F(2011). Assessment of knowledge and practice about tuberculosis among eastern Ethiopian prisoners. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis; 15:228-33.
[15]
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopian Population Census Commission, Summary and Statistical Report of 2007 Population and Housing Census, UNFPA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2008.
[16]
Cheesbrough M (2006). District Laboratory Practice in Tropical Countries Part 2. Second Edition. Cambridge University Press.
[17]
WHO (2012). Global Tuberculosis Report.
[18]
Gebre D, Mimano LN (2010). Prevalence of smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis among patients attending Seka Health Center, Jimma, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. East Afr J Public Health; 7:268-73.
[19]
Lemos ACM, Matos ED, Bittencourt CN (2009). Prevalence of active and latent TB among inmates in a prison hospital in Bahia, Brazil. J Bras Pneumol ;35:63-68
[20]
Assefzadeh M, Barghi RG, Shahidi ShS (2009).Tuberculosis case--finding and treatment in the central prison of Qazvin province, Islamic Republic of Iran. East Mediterr Health J; 15:258-63.
[21]
Shah SA, Mujeeb SA, Mirza A, Nabi KG, Siddiqui Q (2003). Prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in Karachi juvenile jail, Pakistan. East Mediterr Health J; 9:667-74.
[22]
Banda HT, Gausi F, Harries AD, Salaniponi FM (2009). Prevalence of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis among prisoners in Malawi: a national survey. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis; 13:1557-9.
[23]
Moges B, Amare B, Asfaw F, Tesfaye W, Tiruneh M, Belyhun Y etal(2012).Prevalence of smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis among prisoners in North Gondar Zone Prison, northwest Ethiopia. BMC Infect Dis; 12:352.
[24]
Zerdo Z, Medhin G, Worku A, Ameni G (2014). Prevalence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Associated Risk Factors in Prisons of Gamo Goffa Zone, South Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study. American Journal of Health Research; 2: 291-297.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-688-8931