Local Authorities’ Views and Attitudes on Sustainable Energy Policy: The Case of Mayors of Rhodes, Island, Greece (2010-2014)
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 20-30
Received: Feb. 5, 2015; Accepted: Feb. 24, 2015; Published: Mar. 4, 2015
Views 3556      Downloads 154
Authors
Anastasia Dimitriou, Department of Education Sciences in Early Childhood, School of Education Sciences, Laboratory of Research and Communication for the Environment and Environmental Education, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece
Dimitris Pimenidis, Department of Pre-school education and Design, School of Humanities, Msc Environmental Education, University of Aegean, Rhodes, Greece
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
To create effective climate change mitigation energy policies that contribute to greenhouse gases reduction are required. To this direction, local authorities play a crucial role as they are responsible for the planning and implementation of energy policies in their territories. This study aims to investigate the local authorities’ knowledge and attitudes on energy production, energy management, energy consumption and renewable energy sources (RES), as well as their energy practices and their intentions. The study was carried out in the island of Rhodes, Greece where 12 elective representatives of local authorities (municipalities and prefecture) were asked to fill in a questionnaire on the above issues. Almost all of the participants recognized energy saving as an important dimension of energy policy. They indicated their intentions for energy saving applications in the future, but the measures they use to apply in their area of responsibility are extremely limited. Despite respondents’ positive attitudes towards the use of RES, they seem to hesitate to develop an energy model based mainly on RES, as they believe they cannot cover the energy needs of the island. They also, believe that they play a secondary role in the planning and development of energy policy at a local level, as they estimate that energy policy is mainly a matter of the central government. Findings show that there is a demand for a more specialized and focused energy policy. They further show the need for specialized environmental education programs addressed to local authorities aiming at increasing motivation as well as supporting their efforts for the implementation of sustainable energy policies.
Keywords
Local Authorities, Mayors, Attitudes, Views, Energy Policy, Sustainability
To cite this article
Anastasia Dimitriou, Dimitris Pimenidis, Local Authorities’ Views and Attitudes on Sustainable Energy Policy: The Case of Mayors of Rhodes, Island, Greece (2010-2014), International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2015, pp. 20-30. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20150302.11
References
[1]
European Environmental Agency (2006). Greenhouse gas emission trends and projections in Europe. Report No 9. Copenhagen: ΕΕΑ
[2]
European Commission (2013a). GREEN PAPER. A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies. Brussels: European Commission,
[3]
European Commission (2013b). Empowering local and regional authorities to deliver the EU climate and energy objectives. Brussels: European Commission.
[4]
European Commission (2010a). LIFE and local authorities Helping regions and municipalities tackle environmental challenges. Belgium: European Union.
[5]
Covenant of Mayors. Available at http://www.eumayors.eu/IMG/pdf/covenantofmayors_text_en.pdf
[6]
Covenant of Mayors. Available at http://www.simfonodimarxon.eu/ (in Greek).
[7]
Skolarikos, M. (2013). (eds). Municipalities in numbers. Athens: The Central Union of Municipalities and Communities (in Greek).
[8]
UNESCO (1992). United Nations Conference on Environmental and Development: Agenda 21. Switzerland: Unesco, Chapter 28.
[9]
Hungerford, H., Volk T. (1990). Changing learner behavior through environmental education. Journal of Environmental Education, 21 (3): 8–21.
[10]
Kollmuss, A., Agyeman, J. (2002). Mind the Gap: why do people act environmentally and what are the barriers to pro-environmental behavior? Environmental Education Research, 8 (3): 239-260.
[11]
Ek, K. (2005) Public and private attitudes towards ‘‘green’’ electricity: the case of Swedish wind power. Energy Policy 33(13):1677–1689.
[12]
Kaldellis, J.K. (2005). Social attitude towards wind energy applications in Greece. Energy Policy, 33(5): 595–602.
[13]
Kaldellis, J.K., Kapsali, M., Kaldelli, E. & Katsanou, E. (2013). Comparing Recent Views of Public Attitude on Wind Energy, Photovoltaic and Small Hydro Applications. Renewable Energy, 2013 (52): 197–208
[14]
Katsaprakakis, D. A. (2012). A review of the environmental and human impacts from wind parks. A case study for the Prefecture of Lasithi, Crete. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(5): 2850–2863.
[15]
Kontogianni, A., Tourkolias, C., Skourtos, M., & Damigos, D. (2014). Planning globally, protesting locally: Patterns in community perceptions towards the installation of wind farms. Renewable Energy, 66: 170–177.
[16]
Liarakou, G., Gavrilakis, C., & Flouri E. (2009). Secondary School Teachers’ Knowledge and Attitudes Towards Renewable Energy Sources. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 2009 (18): 120–129
[17]
Busch, H,, McCormick, K.(2014). Local power: exploring the motivations of mayors and key success factors for local municipalities to go 100% renewable energy. Sustainability and Society, 4(5): 1-15.
[18]
Frantál, Β. (2014). Have Local Government and Public Expectations of Wind Energy Project Benefits Been Met? Implications for Repowering Schemes, Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, DOI: 10.1080/1523908X.2014.936583.
[19]
Fudge, S., Peters, M., Wade, J. (2012). Locating the agency and influence of local authorities in UK energy governance. Centre for Environmental Strategy, University of Surrey: United Kingdom
[20]
Menanteau, F., Finon, D., Lamy, M. L. (2003). Prices versus quantities: Choosing policies for promoting the development of renewable energy. Energy Policy, 31:799–812.
[21]
IEA (International Energy Agency), (2007). Key world energy statistics, 1–82.
[22]
Roosa, A. S., (2008), Sustainable Development Handbook, Fairmont Press, Inc.
[23]
Rogelj, J., McCollum, D. L, Riah,i K. (2013). The UN’s ‘Sustainable Energy for All’ initiative is Compatible with a Warming Limit of 2°C. Nature Climate Change, 3: 545-551, doi:10.1038/nclimate1806.
[24]
EC, European Commission (2010b). EUROPE 2020. A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. Belgium: European Union.
[25]
YPEKA, Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change (2014). National action plan on renewable energy sources. Athens: YPEKA (in Greek).
[26]
PPCH, Public Power Corporation, Hellas, (2012). Re newable energy sources in non interconnected islands. Fact Sheet for the year 2012. (In Greek).
[27]
PPCH, Public Power Corporation, Hellas (2013). Renewable energy sources in non-interconnected islands. Fact Sheet for the year 2013. (In Greek).
[28]
HEDNO, Hellenic Electricity Distribution Network Operator (2012). Fact Sheet: electricity power production in non-interconnected islands for the year 2012. (In Greek).
[29]
HEDNO, Hellenic Electricity Distribution Network Operator (2013). Fact Sheet: electricity power production in non-interconnected Islands for the year 2013. (In Greek).
[30]
HEDNO, Hellenic Electricity Distribution Network Operator (2014). Fact Sheet: electricity power production in non-interconnected Islands for the year 2014. (In Greek.)
[31]
Pimenidis, D., Dimitriou, A. & Fokiali, P. (2013). Local society and energy: Citizens conceptions about the operation of the electrical power plant in Soroni, Rhodes, Greece. In Papavasileiou, V. (Eds). Sustainable local societies: a reality or a Vision (353-374). Rhodes: University of Aegean. Electronic edition. ISBN 978-618-81027-0-5. (In Greek).
[32]
EC, European Commission European Commission, (2014). Special Eurobarometer 2014. Attitudes of European citizens towards the environment. EC: European Union
[33]
Priyadarsini, R., Xuchao, W., Eang, LS, (2009). A study on energy performance of hotel buildings in Singapore. Energy and Buildings, 41: 1319–1324
[34]
Xuchao, W., Priyadarsini, R., Eang, LS, (2010). Benchmarking energy use and greenhouse gas emissions in Singapore’s hotel industry. Energy Policy, 38: 4520–4527
[35]
Musall, F. D., & Kuik, O. (2011). Local acceptance of renewable energy – a case study from southeast Germany. Energy Policy, 39(6): 3252–3260.
[36]
HNMS, Hellenic National Meteorological Service (2009). Climate report (In Greek).
[37]
Huld T., Müller R., Gambardella A., (2012). A new solar radiation database for estimating PV performance in Europe and Africa. Solar Energy, 86: 1803-1815.
[38]
SEI, Sustainable Energy Ireland (2005). Attitudes towards the development of wind farms in Ireland. Renewable Energy, Information Office: Ireland.
[39]
UNESCO- EPD, (1997). Declaration of Thessaloniki. UNESCO-EPD97/CONF.401/CLD.2, (article 6). Paris: UNESCO.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186