The Analysis of Sustainable Waterfront Development Strategy - The Case of Keelung Port City
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015, Pages: 65-78
Received: Apr. 13, 2015; Accepted: May 5, 2015; Published: May 16, 2015
Views 7670      Downloads 402
Author
Chien-Hua Chen, The Administrative Office of Keelung City, Taiwan, R.O.C
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This paper discusses the phenomenon and historic background of the waterfront development. It emphasizes the need for system programming and sustainable management consideration pursuing the development of estuarine or coastal land. It also explains that the success or failure of a waterfront development should be evaluated through a set of multi-aspect indexes. According to different types of waterfronts, their spatial needs are also specific. In the paper, based on concepts of Alvin Toffler’s Third Wave, the framework of three stages and six types of waterfront development is devised to discuss its evolution and functions. The development strength of waterfront is divided into three degrees originating the sustainable development concept. In development strategy aspect, this paper analyzes the original meaning and content of waterfront development. Finally, Keelung port city is then taken as an example of to illustrate the waterfront land use development while examining the problems of its current strategies.
Keywords
Waterfront Development, System Programming, Sustainable Management, Development Strategies
To cite this article
Chien-Hua Chen, The Analysis of Sustainable Waterfront Development Strategy - The Case of Keelung Port City, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2015, pp. 65-78. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20150303.12
References
[1]
Hayuth, Y. (1998). Changes on the waterfront: a model-based approach. In: Hoyle, B.S., Pinder & MS Husain, D.A. (Eds.), Revitalising the Waterfront: International Dimensions of Dockland Redevelopment. Belhaven Press, Great Britain, pp.52-64.
[2]
Hoyle, B. (1999). Scale and sustainability: the role of community croups in Canadian port-city waterfront Change. Journal of Transport Geography, 7:65-78.
[3]
Vallega, A. (2001a). Urban waterfront facing integrated coastal management. Ocean & Coastal Management, 44:379-410.
[4]
Al-But’hie, I.M., Saleh, M.A.E. (2002). Urban and industrial development planning as an approach for Saudi Arabia: the case study of Jubail and Yanbu. Habitat International, 26(1): 1-20.
[5]
Alters, W.K.K. (2002). Local government and the decentralization of urban regeneration policies in the Netherlands. Urban Studies, 39(8):1439-1452.
[6]
Chen, K.Y. (2007). System Planning for the Development of Keelung Port City Waterfront, Master’s thesis, Graduate Institute of Harbor and River Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung.
[7]
Hoyle, B. (2000b). Global and local change on the port-city waterfront. The Geographical Review, 90(3):395-417.
[8]
Gladstone, D.L. (1998). Tourism urbanization in the United States. Urban Affairs Review, 34(1):3-27.
[9]
Huang W., Corbett J.J., & Jin D. (2015). Regional economic and environmental analysis as a decision support for marine spatial planning in Xiamen. Marine Policy, 51:555-562.
[10]
Gordon, D.L.A. (1997). Managing the changing political environment in urban waterfront redevelopment. Urban Studies, 34(1):61-83.
[11]
Cuesta Camacho, D.E. (1998). Environmental injustices, political struggles: race, class and the environment. Duke University Press, Michigan United States.
[12]
Gordon, D.L.A. (1999). Implementing urban waterfront redevelopment in an historic context: a case study of The Boston naval shipyard. Ocean & Coastal Management, 42(10-11):909-913.
[13]
Flood S., Schechtman J. (2014). The rise of resilience: Evolution of a new concept in coastal planning in Ireland and the US, Ocean & Coastal Management, 102:19-31.
[14]
Korbee D., Mol A.P.J. & Tatenhove J.P.M.V. (2015). Ecological considerations in constructing marine infrastructure: The Falmouth cruise terminal development, Jamaica. Marine Policy, 56:23-32.
[15]
Baird, A. (1999). Analysis of private seaport development: the port of Felixstowe. Transport Policy, 6(2):109-122.
[16]
Dovey, K., Sandercock, L. (2002). Hype and hope: Imagine Melbourne’s docklands. Cities, 6(1):83-101.
[17]
Keith, B., Ron, G. & Ian, S. (2002). Testing governance: partnerships, planning and conflict in waterfront regeneration. Urban Studies, 39(10):1757-1775.
[18]
Keith, J. (2004). Waterfront redevelopment: a critical discourse analysis of the policy-making process within the Chatham maritime project. Urban Studies, 41(4):817-832.
[19]
Chang, T.C., Feng, H., Peng, C.C. (2001). Design and Development of Urban Waterfront, Tong Ji University Press, Shanghai.
[20]
Malone, P. (1999). City, capital and water. Tsang Hsin Press, Taipei.
[21]
Batley, R. (1996). Public-private relationship and performance in service provision. Urban Studies, 33(4/5):723-751.
[22]
Huang, W.C., Kao, S.K. (2014). Public-private partnerships during waterfront development process: The example of the world exposition, Ocean & Coastal Management, 92:28-39.
[23]
Breen, A., Rigby, D. (1985). Caution: Working Waterfront - the Impact of Change on Marine Enterprise. The Waterfront Press, Washington.
[24]
Vallega, A. (2001b). Ocean governance in post-modern society: a geographical perspective. Marine Policy, 25:399-414.
[25]
Toffler, A. (1980). The third wave. Bantam Press, New York.
[26]
Huang, W.C., Chen, C.H., Kao, S.K. & Chen, K.Y. (2011). The concept of diverse developments in port cities, Ocean & Coastal Management, 54:381-390.
[27]
Chen, C.H. (2011). A Study on the Development Concept and Strategies of Waterfront, PhD thesis, Graduate Institute of Harbor and River Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung.
[28]
Gleave, M.B. (1997). Port activities and the spatial structure of cities: the case of Freetown, Sierra Leone. Journal of Transport Geography, 5(4):257-275.
[29]
Kojima H., Kubo T., Kinoshita A. (2013). Integrated coastal management as a tool for local governance of coastal resources: A case study of Munakata coastal zone. Ocean & Coastal Management, 81:66-76.
[30]
Huang, K.Y., Chu, H.Y. (2003). Theory and Planning Method of Ecological City, Science Press, Beijing.
[31]
Church, A. (1988). Demand-led planning, the inner-city crisis and the labour market: London Docklands evaluated In: Hoyle, B.S., Pinder & MS Husain, D.A. (Eds.), Revitalising the Waterfront: International Dimensions of Dockland Redevelopment. Belhaven Press, Great Britain, pp.199-221.
[32]
Desfor, G. (2004). Flexible urban governance: the case of Copenhagen’s recent waterfront development. European Planning Studies, 12(4):479-496.
[33]
Krausse, G.H. (1995). Tourism and waterfront renewal: assessing residential perception in Newport, Rhode Island, USA. Ocean & Coastal Management, 26(3):179-203.
[34]
Brett, E.A. (2000). Participation and accountability in development management. The Journal of Development Studies, 40(2):1-29.
[35]
Ryan, C., Cooper, C. (2004). Residents’ perceptions of tourism development: the case of Raglan, New Zealand. Tourism Review International, 8(1):1-15.
[36]
Bassett, K., Griffiths, R. & Smith, I. (2002). Testing governance: partnerships, planning and conflict in waterfront regeneration. Urban Studies, 39(10): 1757-1775.
[37]
Brusbett, K. (2003).,“People and government traveling together” community organization urban planning and the politics of post-war reconstruction in Toronto 1943—1953. Urban History Review, 27(2):44-59.
[38]
Hoyle, B. (2000a). Confrontation, consultation, cooperation? Community groups and urban change in Canadian port-city waterfronts. Canadian Geographer, 44(3):228-243.
[39]
Tsai J.L. (1999). Study on the economic impact of Keelung Port container import-export industry on Keelung City. Master’s thesis, Graduate Institute of Traffic and Transpotation, National Chiao Tung University, Keelung.
[40]
Keelung City Government. (2001a). The History of Keelung Fishery Development. Keelung City Government, Keelung.
[41]
Chen, W.S. (2001). Research on Taipei Port Development Strategy Evaluation, Master’s thesis, Graduate Institute of Harbor and River Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung.
[42]
Keelung City Government. (2001b). Renewal Program of Central Business District of Keelung City. Keelung City Government, Keelung.
[43]
Keelung City Government. (1998). The Report on the Overall Review of the Enlargement and Alteration of Major Program of Keelung City. Keelung City Government, Keelung.
[44]
Keelung City Government. (2000). The Comprehensive Development Program of Keelung City. Keelung City Government, Keelung.
[45]
Lin, W.H. (2006). Research on Fishing Port Multifunctional Development Strategies - A Case Study in Keelung, Master’s thesis, Graduate Institute of Harbor and River Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung.
[46]
Huang, W.C., Chen, C.H., Kao, S.K. (2005a). The resource integration and development strategy of Keelung waterfront. In: Keelung Waterfront Development Symposium. Graduate Institute of Harbor and River Engineering, National Ocean University, Keelung.
[47]
Huang, W.C., Chen, C.H., Kao, S.K. (2005b). The fishing port transformation and comprehensive plan of Keelung port city waterfront. In: Fishery Industry Development and Fishing Port Development Forum. Graduate Institute of Building and Planning, National Taiwan University/Graduate Institute of Harbor and River Engineering, National Ocean University, Keelung.
[48]
Keelung City Government. (2004). National Door Shanhaikwan Program Integrated Program of Landscapes around Keelung City Bisha Fishing Port. Keelung City Government, Keelung.
[49]
Keelung City Government. (2005). The Traffic Improvement Planning Surrounding Keelung National Museum of Marine Science and Technology. Keelung City Government, Keelung.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186