Analysing the Effects of Physical Conditions of the Workplace on Employee’s Productivity (Including Case Study)
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 111-119
Received: Apr. 25, 2015;
Accepted: Jul. 9, 2015;
Published: Jul. 18, 2015
Views 6670 Downloads 270
Mohammad Taghipour, Department of Industrial Engineering, Science & Research Branch of Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Maryam Mahboobi, Industrial Engineering, non-profit institution of higher education, Aba, Abyek Qazvin, Iran
Arash Nikoeifar, Industrial Engineering, non-profit institution of higher education, Aba, Abyek Qazvin, Iran
Ebrahim Soofi Mowloodi, Industrial Engineering, non-profit institution of higher education, Aba, Abyek Qazvin, Iran
One of the issues that today will improve the productivity of any organization is attention to the human factors engineering. Experience in worldwide has shown that modifying of work conditions, improving the quality and quantity of production, loss of illnesses due to the work, cost reduction and thereby enhancing the productivity, all are the positive consequences of suitable usage of Ergonomics in organizations which may be feasible under the shadow of following correction system of work condition, paying more attention to the workplaces and applying macro-ergonomics approach. This study was carried out to analyze the environmental and organizational condition of workers in the assembly unit of an automotive company with ergonomics optimization approach. In fact, the aim of this study was to find the amount of employee’s satisfaction from environmental and organizational factors of their jobs, thus providing guidelines for improving the identified problems which eventually will lead to increase the productivity. To do this descriptive research, after providing a questionnaire which it is valid and approved final, 50 out of 200 workers of the second shift of assembly unit have been randomly selected and were asked about the condition of the workplace and also disorders while working. After collecting and observing responses, frequency was obtained using diagram. Meanwhile, using mask had the least attention and environment noise had the most frequently in disorder categories. In addition, workers were complaining about the shortage of labor force, high speed of production lines and lack of break time.
Ebrahim Soofi Mowloodi,
Analysing the Effects of Physical Conditions of the Workplace on Employee’s Productivity (Including Case Study), International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2015, pp. 111-119.
Abarghoei, N. Sadra, HosseiniNasab, Hassan; Farokhzad, M, “Macro-ergonomics interventions and their impact on productivity and reduce musculoskeletal injuries (including case study)”, 2012, Quarterly Journal of Iran’s occupational Health.
Helali F. “Developing an Ergonomics Intervention Technique Model to Support the Participatory Ergonomics Process for Improving Work Systems Organizations in an Industrially Developing Country and its ‘Meta-Reflection’”, 2008, Doctoral Thesis, Department of Human Work Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
Helali, F,“The Ergonomics 'Know-how' Transfer Models to IDC's Industries (Concept, Theory, Methodology, Method, Technique)”, 2009, U.K and the U.S.A: LAMBERT Academic Publishing AG & Co. KG.
Kleiner, B.M.; “Macroergonomics as a Large Work-System, Applied Ergonomics”; 2005, Vol 14 (2): 81–89.
Shahnavaz, H; “Making ergonomics a world – wide concept. Ergonomics”. 1995, Vol 39 (12) 1391- 1402.
Helali F, Lonnroth, E; Shahnavaz H; “Ergonomics intervention in industries of the industrially developing countries, Case study: Glucosan–Iran”. In: Brown O Jr, HendrickHW, editors. Proceedings of Human Factors in Organizational Design and Management V. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: North- Holland. 2008, p. 141-6.
HendrickHal.W, and Kleiner, B.M; “Macroergonomics Theory, Methods, and Applications”; book, 2002; Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Publishers Mahwah, New Jersey London.
Abdollahpour, N, “macro-ergonomics and its impact on productivity”. 2011, M.S Thesis, Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences University - Institute of Social Welfare.
Iida, I. “Ergonomia: projeto e produçمo”. 2005, Vol 2. ed. Sمo Paulo: EdgardBlücher.
Sandrez, Mark, Mc Cormic, Ernest; “Ergonomics (human factors) in engineering design”; Translate by Mohammad Reza Afzali, Seventh Edition. 1998, Oloom Daneshgahi of Tehran Publication.
Karzar Jedi, R., “The role of ergonomics and its impact on the production, production trends”, MS Thesis, Industrial Management Field, Islamic Azad University of Tabriz, 2000.
Forouzanfar, Behzad,“What is ergonomics”, Industry and Safety Magazine, 1999, No 46.
Kleiner, B. M.; “Macroergonomic analysis of formalization in a dynamic work system”. Applied Ergonomics, Elsevier Science Ltda, 1998, v. 29, n. 4, p. 255-259.
Taheri, Shahnam. N,. “Work and methods evaluation”, 1997, Tehran: Arvin Pub.
Abel, S.M., “The extra-auditory effects of noise and annoyance: An overview of research”. J. Otolaryngol. 19, Suppl, 1990.
Bragdon, Clifford R. “Noise pollution; the unquiet crisis”. Philadelphia, Univ. of Pennsylvania Press [c1971], 1971.
Grandjean, E.; Kroemer, K. H. E. “Manual de ergonomia: adaptando o trabalhoaohomem”. 2005, Vol 5. ed. Porto Alegre: Bookman.
Soltani, Iraj; book “productivity of human resources”, Isfahan, Arkan Pub, 2005.
Golabchi, M; Yousefi, S., Forouzanfar, M, “prioritizing the role of physical and architectural work in promoting personnel performance in project-based organization”,Third International Conference on Construction Industry. 2012, Tehran.