Assessment of Solid Waste Management Practices and the Role of Public Participation in Jigjiga Town, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 153-168
Received: Sep. 1, 2015; Accepted: Sep. 26, 2015; Published: Oct. 28, 2015
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Authors
Yohanis Birhanu, Department of Chemistry, Jigjiga University, Jigjiga, Ethiopia
Genemo Berisa, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Jigjiga University, Jigjiga, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Solid waste, which is a consequence of day-to-day activity of human kind, needs to be managed properly. Jigjiga City, like other cities in developing countries, faces problems associated with poorly managed solid waste operation. This study concerns about analysis of the city’s current municipal solid waste management problems, opportunities and existing solid waste management practices and role of community participation. The survey was conducted in 03 and 05 kebeles. Different sampling methods were employed to select the study units including: stratified sampling, systematic random sampling, and purposive sampling. Though the bulk of the data collected were qualitative in nature, it was also supported by quantitative information collected through survey and secondary sources. The study discovered that there is low performance of SWM in the city mainly due to: lack of properly designed collection system and time schedule, inadequate and malfunctioning operation equipment, open burning of refuse, poor condition of the final dumpsite and less awareness creation among community which encouraged illegal dumping are the technical problem identified. Insufficient funds as well as lack of promotion on-waste reduction, recycling, absence of waste recovery, practice of energy option, waste separation and composting are among the management challenges facing the city. Social problems encountered include: lack of public awareness, unwillingness to pay, ill dumping manner (often around residence and any open spaces) and improper outlook for waste workers. Incompetence of organizations in terms of equipment required for operation and man power /staff qualifications, training and human resource developments and/or unreliable service are the institutional challenge that the city encountered in the sector. Finally, the study forwarded some important recommendations towards improving the waste management practices.
Keywords
Solid Waste Management, Disposal System, Community Participation, Jigjiga City
To cite this article
Yohanis Birhanu, Genemo Berisa, Assessment of Solid Waste Management Practices and the Role of Public Participation in Jigjiga Town, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 153-168. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20150305.16
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