Environmental Degradation in Conflict and Post-Conflict Regions
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 187-195
Received: Oct. 27, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 9, 2016; Published: Jan. 9, 2017
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Authors
Mukete Beckline, Department of Forest Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing China
Sun Yujun, Department of Forest Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing China
Eric Zama, Research Center for Eco-environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China
Achem Baye John, Department of Management Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussels, Brussels, Belgium
Mukete Tahle, Refugees Welfare Association, Bamenda, Cameroon
Ndolo Lisette, Minsitry of Forestry and Wildlife, Buea, Cameroon
Lonje Bernard, International Organization for Migration, Yaoundé, Cameroon
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Abstract
Across the globe and for several decades, conflicts have enormously damaged the environment leading to severe ecological degradation. In this paper, we look at ecological degradation in conflict and post-conflict societies and analyze how these could be managed. To attain this goal, we carry out a review of published literature and survey the vast resources sourced from various civil society organizations. We observed that the environment is rarely viewed as an important aspect during conflicts or after conflicts despite being in a context of ravaged infrastructure, lost livelihoods and disrupted institutions. Moreso, these conflicts do extraordinary damage to the ecological component as people struggle for clean water, sanitation, food and fuel. We surmise that, in periods of conflicts and post-conflicts, severe environmental challenges emerge which necessitate the establishment of environmental governance especially of the natural resource base, creation of administrative capacity and seeking sustainable trajectories for environmental recovery as well as reconstruction.
Keywords
Environmental Degradation, Conflicts, Post-Conflicts, Forest Resources, United Nations, Toxic Wastes
To cite this article
Mukete Beckline, Sun Yujun, Eric Zama, Achem Baye John, Mukete Tahle, Ndolo Lisette, Lonje Bernard, Environmental Degradation in Conflict and Post-Conflict Regions, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 187-195. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20160406.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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