Indigenous Practices of Ganta Community in Protecting Natural Resources, Gamo Gofa Zone, Ethiopia
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 5, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages: 74-83
Received: Nov. 27, 2016; Accepted: Jun. 26, 2017; Published: Nov. 30, 2017
Views 609      Downloads 29
Daniel Shiferaw, Project Concern International (PCI), Robe, Ethiopia
Serekebirhan Takele, Department of Biology, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Alemayehu Hailemichael, Department of Biology, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Indigenous knowledge (IK) is a knowledge that people in a given community has developed over time, and continues to develop. IK on environment contributes to sustain ecosystem services and to mitigate climate change. The study explored the role of indigenous practices in protecting natural resource around Arba Minch ZuriaWoreda of ZigityKebeles. It used perception of people on the role of indigenous practices in natural resources management and environment protection using structured and non-structured questionnaires, focused group discussions with key informant and interview of 143 individuals. Data on ecological knowledge was collected from 12 sample villages with 40 key informants. Accordingly, 75% of the respondents agreed that the communities are not using indigenous practices for natural resources management in their area development program. Similarly, 76% of the respondents agreed that there was little support from government, and other institutions on traditional knowledge capacity building. However, indigenous practices of traditional land management have existed as the part of Ganta community and this was reflected by different local terminologies, proverbs, and sayings. There is a well-structured traditional institution that benefits the conservation of natural resources. The study recommended that traditional practices of the community have to be fully applied in natural resource management strategies of any development program in the area. Integrating the local knowledge to work with the existing social institutions will increases the efficiency of natural resources management system.
Indigenous Knowledge, Traditional Practice, Natural Resources Management, Environment, Ecological Knowledge
To cite this article
Daniel Shiferaw, Serekebirhan Takele, Alemayehu Hailemichael, Indigenous Practices of Ganta Community in Protecting Natural Resources, Gamo Gofa Zone, Ethiopia, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2017, pp. 74-83. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20170505.12
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abebe, S. Hans, H. Getez, Z and Berhanu, D. (2011). Indigenous Knowlage in Land Management for Sequestration and Soil Based Ecological Services in Damot Sore (Wolayta), Southern Ethiopia, A Report Submitted to international start secretariat. (Report No 3).
Alexander, C., Bynum, N., Johnson, E., King, U., Mustonen, T., Neofotis, P. et. al., (2011). Linking indigenous and scientific knowledge of climate change. Bio Science. 61 (6): 477–484.
Atakilte, B. (2003). Soil conservation, land use and property right in northern Ethiopia. Understanding environmental change in smallholder farming systems. Doctoral Thesis, University of Bern, and Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South (Unpublished).
Arba Minch Zuria Woreda Administration Office (2015). Annual Woreda Reports, Arba Minch Town.
Arno, S. F. (1985). Ecological effects and management implications of Indian fires. In: Proceedings: symposium and workshop on wilderness fire. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-182. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 302–303.
Ajibade, L. T (2003). A Methodology for the Collection and Evaluation of Farmers’ Indigenous Environmental Knowledge in Developing Countries, INDILINGAA frican Journal of Indigenous Knowledge System, 2: 99- 113.
Benjamin, T (2016). Passing on a sense of place and traditional ecological knowledge between generations. In: The Future of Ethnobiology: Linking Cultural and Ecological Diversity. Nabhan G. P (Ed.). University of Arizona Press.
Brussel SEC (2009). Adapting to climate changes: the challenge for European agriculture and rural areas. Commission of the European communities. Commission working staff working document accompanying the white paper No. 147.
CSA (2016) National Statistical Abstracts, Abstract Statistics/2016 national statistics (Abstract).
Greenland, D. J., Bowen, G. Eswaran, H. Rhoades, R. and Valentin. C. (1994). Soil, water, and nutrient management research - a new agenda. IBSRAM Position Paper, International Board for Soil Research and Management (IBSRAM), Bangkok, Thailand.
Herweg, K. (2002). Indigenous soil management, In; Encyclopedia of Soil Science Lal, R.(Ed.), pp 679-682, Marcel Dekker, Inc, New York.
Hobbs, P. R., Sayre, K., Gupta, R., (2007). The role of conservation agriculture in sustainable agriculture. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 363: 543-555.
Kimmerer, R. W. and Lake, F. (2001). The role of indigenous burning in land management. Journal of Forestry. 99 (11): 36–41.
Kolawole, O. D. (2001). Local Knowledge Utilization and Sustainable Development in 21st Century, Indigenous Knowledge and Development Monitor 4 (3): Page No 9.
Kruger, H. J., Berhanu F., Gebere Michael Y., and Kejela, K (1996) Inventory of indigenous soil and water conservation measures on selected sites in Ethiopian Highlands. Soil Conservation Research Report 34. Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Bern, Switzerland.
Lewis, H. T. (1982). Fire technology and resource management in aboriginal North America and Australia. In: Resource managers: North American and Australian hunter and gatherers. Williams, N. M., and Hunn, E. S., (Eds.) American Association for the Advancement of Science Selected Symposium Series No. 67. Boulder, OR: Westview Press: 45–67.
Liniger, H. P. and Critchley, W. (2007). Where the land is greener: case studies and analysis of soil and water conservation initiatives worldwide, World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies (WOCAT), Joint publication of CTA FAO, UNEP, CDE, 376 pp.
Menzies, C. R. and Butler, C. (2006). Introduction: understanding ecological knowledge. In: Traditional ecological knowledge and natural resource management. Menzies, C. R., (Ed.) Lincoln, NB: University of Nebraska Press: 1–17.
Nakano, T., Kadomura, H. Mizutani, T. Okuda, M. and Sekiguchi, T. (1974). Natural hazards: Report from Japan. In: Natural Hazards: Local, National, Global White, G. and Burton, I. (Eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. 231-245.
Parrotta, J. A. and Agnoletti, M. (2012). Traditional forest-related knowledge and climate change. In: Traditional forest-related knowledge: sustaining communities, ecosystems and biocultural diversity. Parrotta, J. A. and Trosper, R. L. (Eds Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer: 491–534.
Paula, D. (2004). Indigenous Knowledge Systems in sub-Saharan Africa: An Over view. Indigenous Knowledge, Local Pathway to Global Development, the World Bank, African Region. pp 36-38.
Reij, C. (1991). Indigenous Soil and Water Conservation in Africa, Gatekeeper Series No.27, pp 35, IIED, London.
Reijntjes C. (2004). Bridging local knowledge and global science, COMPAS Magazine, pp 41-43.
Rist, S. and Dahdouh-Guebas, F. (2006). Ethno sciences- a step towards the integration of scientific and indigenous forms of knowledge in the management of natural resources for the future Environment Development and Sustainability, 8: 467-493.
Thrupp, L. A. (1998). “Legitimizing Local Knowledge: From Displacement to Empowerment for Third World People". Agriculture and Human Values. Summer Issue. pp. 13-24.
Tripathi, N. and Bhattarya, S. (2004). Integrating Indigenous and GIS for participatory Natural Resource Management. State of the practice The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries 17 (3):1-13.
Roscoe, J. T. (1975) Fundamental Research Statistics for the Behavioural Sciences, 2nd edition. New York: Holt Rinehart & Winston.
Turner, N. J. and Clifton, H. (2009). “It’s so different today”: climate change and indigenous life ways in British Columbia, Canada. Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions. 19 (2): 180–190.
UNEP. (2008). Indigenous Knowledge in Disaster Management in Africa, Nairobi, Kenya, 108 pp.
Usher, P. (2000). Traditional ecological knowledge in environmental assessment and management. Arctic 53: 83–93.
Warren, D. M., and Rajasekaran, B. (1993). Putting Local Knowledge to Good Use, International Agricultural Development 13; 8-10.
Watson, R. T., Kalala, M., Lachance, A. and Martella, G. (1998). Protecting Our Planet, Securing Our Future: Linkages Among Global Environmental Issues and Human Needs. Washington, D. C.: United Nations Environment Program, U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, World Bank.
Science Publishing Group
NEW YORK, NY 10018
Tel: (001)347-688-8931