The Role of Indigenous Knowledge in Climate Change Adaptation: The Case of Gibe Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Ethiopia
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 104-113
Received: Aug. 2, 2017; Accepted: Aug. 16, 2017; Published: Jan. 3, 2018
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Authors
Habtamu Dagne Bogale, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, Wachemo University, Hosanna, Ethiopia
Samuel Shibeshi Bikiko, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, Wachemo University, Hosanna, Ethiopia
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Abstract
This study was focused on the role of indigenous knowledge in climate change adaptation in Gibe woreda, hadiya zone, Ethiopia. The woreda organized in to 24 kebles, from these the researcher have been used six kebeles as a representative based on stratified sampling techniques through agro ecological zone. 213 farmers’ households were selected from different agro - ecology zones through simple random sampling technique and development agents were involved in the study. The objectives of this study ware examining the perception of farmers and agricultural experts towards climate change, the impacts of climate change/variability on productivity of agriculture and investigate the indigenous knowledge used by the local community responding to climate change. Primary and secondary data and questioner, interview, FGD and field observation were used. Books, unpublished materials were used as a secondary data. Southern nation nationality and people’s metrology agency bureau was another source of metrological data for this study. There is a significant relationship between farming experience and perceptions of farmers towards temperature changes and farming experience, agro-ecological zone with perceptions of farmers to wards rainfall change. 81% of the respondents reveled they faced a great climate change related problems in their life such as Shortage of pasture land, crop yield reduction, Loss of livestock, flooding and Drought. Generally, most of the farmer’s dependents on their own local knowledge for understanding and evaluating climatic change and weather variation in globally and locally because of lack of metrological information and resulted for lack of awareness to used different medias to know about the day to day weathering phenomenon. Different stakeholders should be develop appropriate strategies for reducing vulnerability of agricultural production to climate change by supporting the farmers use and developing their indigenous knowledge combining with introduced adaptation mechanisms to improve local adaptation system of climate change and variability.
Keywords
Climate Change, Climate Variability, Adaptation, IK
To cite this article
Habtamu Dagne Bogale, Samuel Shibeshi Bikiko, The Role of Indigenous Knowledge in Climate Change Adaptation: The Case of Gibe Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Ethiopia, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 104-113. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20170506.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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