Performance Assessment of Irrigation Schemes and Water Pollution Issues Raised in the Red River, Vietnam
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 6, Issue 1, January 2018, Pages: 1-8
Received: Nov. 27, 2017;
Accepted: Dec. 11, 2017;
Published: Jan. 10, 2018
Views 931 Downloads 43
Nguyen Duc Viet, Directorate of Water Resources - Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, DWR, Hanoi, Vietnam
Dao Trong Tu, Centre for Sustainable Water Resources and Climate Change, CSWRCC, Hanoi, Vietnam
Nguyen Tung Phong, Vietnam Academy for Water Resources, VAWR, Hanoi, Vietnam
Ha Hai Duong, Institute for Water and Environment, IWE, Hanoi, Vietnam
Irrigation schemes management in Red River Delta, Northern Vietnam has an extreme significance to ensure the multi-objective water supply and the health of the Red River. This study is drawn upon mostly primary data sources including results of water supply assessment of economic industries and the status quo of hydraulic works (pumping station, canals, gates, regulating reservoirs, etc.) along the Red river (study area inside the territory of Vietnam), then compare the results against the value of water supply capacity of irrigation schemes in the context of effectiveness of hydraulic works has not yet achieved as original designs (approximately 60%). From that point, identifying the relationships between - trade off - the water supply and healthy of the Red river. The results of the comparison show that the water supply for agriculture production will increase dramatically in 2020 approximately from 8 bill.m3/year compared to actual demand of about 13.65 bill.m3/year. And, more irrigation water may be more harmful for the Red river’s health, which is absolutely correct in the context of irrigation schemes also supply for other sectors such as industry, drinking water, aquaculture farms, etc. The results of this study are conclusive evidence to promote the implementation of a number of water policies in the Red River Delta.
Nguyen Duc Viet,
Dao Trong Tu,
Nguyen Tung Phong,
Ha Hai Duong,
Performance Assessment of Irrigation Schemes and Water Pollution Issues Raised in the Red River, Vietnam, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy.
Vol. 6, No. 1,
2018, pp. 1-8.
Department of Water Resources Management, “National Environment Report 2012 - Surface water environment,” Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of Vietnam, Hanoi, Vietnam, pp. 3–8, 2012.
T. T. Nghia, “Flood management flood management in the Red – Thai Binh River Basin, Viet nam,” Institute of Water Resources Planning of Vietnam, Hanoi, Vietnam, pp. 2–3, 2006.
N. T. Nga, “Green transportation oriented management of road networks in provincial cities of type in the Red River Delta,” Hanoi Archtectural University, Hanoi, Vietnam, p. 8, 2017.
IGU/LUCC North East Asia Conference 2009, “Land cover and land use change in North East Asia: Problems of sustainable nature management,” International Geographical Union, Vladivostok, Russian, pp. 45–46.
N. Van Diep, N. H. Khanh, N. M. Son, and N. Van Hanh, “Integrated water resources management in the Red River Basin - Problems and Cooperation opportunity,” Paper presented at the International conference on Adaptive and Integrated water management, Basel.
P. T. Anh and K. Shannon, “Water Management in Vietnam Indigenous Knowledge and International Practices: The Case of the Red River Delta,” Northern Hydraulic Planning Institute of Vietnam, Hanoi, Vietnam, pp. 1–3, 2010.
Directorate of Water Resources, “Approving the survey on management, exploitation and use of irrigation schemes,” Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam, Hanoi, Vietnam, pp. 2–9.
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, “70 years 1945-2015, irrigation schemes in Vietnam,” Labour Publishing House, Hanoi, Vietnam, pp. 17–23.
N. D. Viet and D. T. Tu, “Rationale for implementing the irrigation management transfer that aim to improve efficiency of water supply and river’s health case study: Red River Delta,” International Conference: Mekong, Salween and Red Rivers: Sharing Knowledge and Perspectives Across Borders, Faculty of Political Science Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 2–3.
C. Jolk, S. Greassidis, S. Jaschinski, H. Stolpe, and B. Zindler, “Planning using integrated water Red River Basin,” University of Bochum, Bochum, Germany, pp. 711–725.
L. K. Truyen, “Scientific basis and operating practices for water supply in dry season of Red River Delta,” Ministry of Science and Technology of Vietnam, Hanoi, Vietnam, pp. 45–60, 2008.
Asian Development Bank, “PCR Viet Nam - Second Red River Basin Sector Project,” Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam, Hanoi, Vietnam, 2012.
W. Gretzky, “Strategic planning and SWOT analysis,” Health Administration Press, Canada, pp. 91–97, 2010.
Directorate of Water Resources, “Benchmarking - Decision No. 2212/QĐ-BNN-TCTL,” Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam, Hanoi, Vietnam.
Centre for Evaluation and Monitoring, “Environmental water report,” Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of Vietnam, Hanoi, Vietnam, pp. 67–100, 2014.
Directorate of Water Resources, “Water fee report,” Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam, Hanoi, Vietnam, 2015.