Types of Environmental Licensing: An Analysis of the Temporal Evolution in Brazil
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 6, Issue 1, January 2018, Pages: 9-13
Received: Dec. 7, 2017; Accepted: Dec. 18, 2017; Published: Jan. 10, 2018
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Authors
André Cavalcante da Silva Batalhão, Center for Environmental and Sustainability Research, New University of Lisbon, Caparica, Portugal; School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil
Alessandra Chacon, Postgraduate Program in Environment, University of Rio de Janeiro State, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Emiliano Lôbo de Godoi, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil
Denílson Teixeira, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil
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Abstract
Environmental licensing has become an important instrument in the defense of natural resources and ecological balance. Environmental licensing is a legal requirement to which all companies or activities that use natural resources or that may cause some kind of pollution or degradation to the environment. It is an administrative procedure by which the location, installation, expansion and operation of these enterprises and / or activities are authorized. Responsibility for the concession is supported by the state environmental agencies and, depending on the case, also of the Brazilian Institute for the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA), in the case of large projects with the potential to affect more than one State. The aim of this research was to evaluate and present by systematic quantitative method the evolution of the quantity of licenses in Brazil in the last 11 years and types of licenses. For this, secondary data from IBAMA was collected. Nowadays in Brazil the types of license most demanded are electric transmission lines, hydroelectric projects and construction of highway. Investments in infrastructure are directly close to sectored policies and macroeconomic actions of national interest.
Keywords
Environmental Licensing, Natural Resources, Brazil
To cite this article
André Cavalcante da Silva Batalhão, Alessandra Chacon, Emiliano Lôbo de Godoi, Denílson Teixeira, Types of Environmental Licensing: An Analysis of the Temporal Evolution in Brazil, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 9-13. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20180601.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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