Types of Environmental Licensing: An Analysis of the Temporal Evolution in Brazil
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 6, Issue 1, January 2018, Pages: 9-13
Received: Dec. 7, 2017;
Accepted: Dec. 18, 2017;
Published: Jan. 10, 2018
Views 1931 Downloads 94
André Cavalcante da Silva Batalhão, Center for Environmental and Sustainability Research, New University of Lisbon, Caparica, Portugal; School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil
Alessandra Chacon, Postgraduate Program in Environment, University of Rio de Janeiro State, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Emiliano Lôbo de Godoi, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil
Denílson Teixeira, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil
Environmental licensing has become an important instrument in the defense of natural resources and ecological balance. Environmental licensing is a legal requirement to which all companies or activities that use natural resources or that may cause some kind of pollution or degradation to the environment. It is an administrative procedure by which the location, installation, expansion and operation of these enterprises and / or activities are authorized. Responsibility for the concession is supported by the state environmental agencies and, depending on the case, also of the Brazilian Institute for the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA), in the case of large projects with the potential to affect more than one State. The aim of this research was to evaluate and present by systematic quantitative method the evolution of the quantity of licenses in Brazil in the last 11 years and types of licenses. For this, secondary data from IBAMA was collected. Nowadays in Brazil the types of license most demanded are electric transmission lines, hydroelectric projects and construction of highway. Investments in infrastructure are directly close to sectored policies and macroeconomic actions of national interest.
André Cavalcante da Silva Batalhão,
Emiliano Lôbo de Godoi,
Types of Environmental Licensing: An Analysis of the Temporal Evolution in Brazil, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy.
Vol. 6, No. 1,
2018, pp. 9-13.
Ramos, T. B.: Development of regional sustainability indicators and the role of academia in this process: the Portuguese Practice. Journal of Cleaner Production 17, 1101–1115 (2009).
Batalhão, A. C. S., Teixeira, D.: Indicators Approaches in Municipal Sustainability. New Academic Editions, Saarbrücken (2017).
Batalhão, A. C. S., Teixeira, D., Godoi, E. L.: The Barometer of Sustainability as a monitoring tool of the sustainable development process in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. ICUR2016 Proceedings, 583-589, Lisbon (2016).
Azevedo-Alves, V. M., Fearnside, P. M., Oliveira, C. S., Padial, A. A., Pelicice, F. M., Lima, D. P., Simberloff, D., Lovejoy, T. E., Magalhães, A. L. B., Orsi, M. L., Agostinho, A. A., Esteves, F. A., Pompeu, P. S., Laurance, W. F., Petrere, M., Mormul, R. P., Vitule, J. R. S.: Removing the abyss between conservation science and policy decisions in Brazil. Biodiversity and Conservation, 26 (7), 1745-1752 (2017).
Fonseca, A., Rodrigues, S. E.: The attractive concept of simplicity in environmental impact assessment: Perception of outcomes in southeastern Brazil. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 67, 101-108 (2017).
Roma, J. C., Pêgo, B.: Environmental Licensing in Brazil. Regional, Urban and Environmental Bulletin /IPEA 15, 93-95 (2016).
Verocai, I.: http://www.mma.gov.br/estruturas/DAI/arquivos/iaraverocai2.pdf, last accessed 2017/03/21.
Oliveira, F. S. D., Prado Filho, J. F., Rocha, C. F., Fonseca, A.: Simplified environmental licensing in the southeast region of Brazil: concepts, procedures and implications. Development and Environment 38, 461-479 (2016).
Bragagnolo, C., Carvalho-Lemos, C., Ladle, R. J., Pellin, A. Streamlining or sidestepping? Political pressure to revise environmental licensing and EIA in Brazil. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 65, 86-90 (2017).
Farias, T.: Environmental Licensing: Theoretical and practical aspects. Forum, Belo Horizonte (2007).
Cordes, E. E., Jones, D. O. B., Schlacher, T. A., Amon, D. J, Bernardino A. F., Brooke, S., Carney, R., De Leo, D. M., Dunlop, K. M., Escobar-Briones, E., Gates, A. R., Genio, L., Gobin, J., Henry, L. A., Herrera, S., Hoyt, S., Joye, S., Kark, S., Mestre, N. C., Metaxas, A., Pfeifer, S., Sink, K., Sweetman, A. K., Witte, U.: Environmental impacts of the deep-water oil and gas industry: a review to guide management strategies. Front. Environ. Sci., 4 (58), 1-26 (2016).
Gibson, R. B.: In full retreat: the Canadian government's new environmental assessment law undoes decades of progress. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 30, 179-188 (2012).