Geospatial Assessment of Crime and Security in Ido Local Government Area, Oyo State, SouthWest Nigeria
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 7, Issue 2, March 2019, Pages: 46-60
Received: Mar. 5, 2019; Accepted: Apr. 10, 2019; Published: May 6, 2019
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Authors
Babatunde Akeem Adesola, Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Faculty of Environmental Studies, The Polytechnic Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Oyekola Martins Adewale, Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Faculty of Environmental Studies, The Polytechnic Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
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Abstract
Utilization of Information Technology is required in public safety management in the cities and their suburb such as the present Ido area, Ido local government Ibadan. Geographic Information System (GIS) is an important tool that can be used to locate crime area, and thus allow police to proactively respond to the situations before constituting a problem. This research investigates crime and security in Ido Local Government Area of Oyo State, Southwest Nigeria with the aim of mapping and assessing the area prone to crime, leading causes. The methodology adopted in this research was field surveying methods with the use of Hi-target differential GPS to acquire the spatial coordinate (x, y, z) of crime hotspots/locations and police stations in the study area. The local government consists of five areas namely; Omi-Adio with seven (7) communities, Ologuneru with eight (8) communities, Ido with thirteen (13) communities, Apete with fifteen (15) communities and Apata division with eleven (11) communities. The data acquired through field surveying measurement with the Hi-target differential GPS was processed with Hi-target Geomatics Office (HGO) and Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) application software in order to acquire the spatial location x, y, z data of the crime hotspots and police stations. Proximity of police stations to crime hotspots was calculated to know how each of the crime hotspot was distant to the police station. Further processing was done with the use of Quick Bird satellite imagery, ArcGIS 10.2.1 (Arcmap 10.2.1) GIS application software in analyzing the location of crime and also identification of crime patterns. The result from the crime data obtained from the field measurement and police was presented in form of charts and map/plan. Generally from the research, it can be concluded that the major crime types common in the study area. Therefore, the security issues in Ido local government has been dealt with but still requires more attentions by the government and the law enforcement agencies.
Keywords
Geographic Information System (GIS), Crime Hotspots, Police Proximity
To cite this article
Babatunde Akeem Adesola, Oyekola Martins Adewale, Geospatial Assessment of Crime and Security in Ido Local Government Area, Oyo State, SouthWest Nigeria, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 46-60. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20190702.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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