Lake Hawassa is fresh water and located within the Ethiopian Rift Valley. It has social and economic significance to the City of Hawassa and community within the catchment. For effective management of this lake, the local public institutional aspect which play significant role in the overall management of lake needs to be understood. Local government institutions that direct management actions, coordinates stakeholders in the management and implements rules and regulations are increasingly considered as the solution for natural resource management. Within this context, the aim of the study was to assess capacity of local public institutions to manage Lake Hawassa. Specifically the study has aimed for the analysis of institutional and legal framework, resource capacity, to probe stakeholder integrations in the management of the lake, and to look out mechanisms of public awareness and education programs, using qualitative and quantitative approaches. In the view of answering research questions the researcher employed both descriptive and explanatory research. Through the use of questionnaires, interviews, focus group discussion, document review and observations local public institutional capacity in lake management were identified. The findings of the study revealed that present local public institutional structure and their capacity were weak to effectively manage Lake Hawassa. There is limited enforcement of the legislative provisions such as river basin organization and water regulation proclamations. The study has also found out that there is also absence of regionally established EIA, pollution control and investment proclamations to manage natural resources. The findings of the study also indicated weak linkage of stakeholders, limited public awareness and constraints of environmental education program as other institutional problems for sustainable management of the lake. It is evident from this study that local public institution has limited in their framework and capacity for sustainable management of the lake. Thus, creating institutional structure and building their human, financial and technological capacity are necessary for effective management of the lake. It is also significant to promote strong inter- sectoral and multi-stakeholders integration in the management of Lake Hawassa.
Capacity of Local Public Institutions in Lake Management: Case of Lake Hawassa, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy.
Vol. 7, No. 5,
2019, pp. 127-136.
Amare Lemma. (2005). Site Action Plan for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Lake Hawassa Biodiversity (Rift Valley Lakes Project). Institute of Biodiversity Conservation. [Accessed 18 November, 2012]. http://www.ibc.gov.et/wp-content/plugins/download.../download.php?id.
Amir, I. (2003). Understanding Institutional Capacity of Local Government Agencies in Indonesia. Australian National University. [Accessed 11 December, 2012].www.academia.edu/.../Understanding_institutional_capacity_of_local_go.
Bhagavan, M. R. & Virgin, I. (2000). Generic Aspects of Institutional Capacity Development in Developing Countries. Stockholm Environment Institute.
Bo FED. (2013). The 2012/2013 Allocated Government Budget of SNNPRS. (Unpublished).
Braus, J. (1993). Environmental Education in the Schools. Washington. North American Association for Environmental Education.
CSA. (2010). The 2007 Population and Housing Census Results of Ethiopia: Population Size and Characteristics. Addis Ababa. CSA.
DejeneGirma.(2012). Environmental Impact Assessment in Ethiopia: Laws and Practices. Addis Ababa. AAU.
Demelash Amare. (2008). Assessment of Non-Point Source Pollution in Lake Awassa Watershed Using the Annualized Agricultural Non-Point Source. Addis Ababa. AAU.
EPA. (2003). State of the Environment Report of Ethiopia. EPA. Unpublished.
EWNHS. (1996). Important Birds Areas of Ethiopia: First Inventory. Addis Ababa. EWNHS.
FDRE. (1995). Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa. FDRE.
FDRE. (2000). Ethiopian Water Resource Management Proclamation, No. 197/2000, Federal Negarit Gazeta. Addis Ababa: Berhanena Selam Printing Press.
FDRE.(2002). Environmental Impact Assessment Proclamation, No. 299/2002, Federal Negarit Gazeta. Addis Ababa: Berhanena Selam Printing Press.
FDRE. (2002). Environmental Protection Organs Establishment Proclamation, No. 295/2002, Federal Negarit Gazeta. Addis Ababa: Berhanena Selam printing Press.
FDRE. (2002). Environmental Pollution Control Proclamation, No. 300/2002, Federal Negarit Gazeta. Addis Ababa: Berhanena Selam Printing Press.
FDRE. (2007). River Basin Councils and Authorities Proclamation, No. 534/ 20007, Federal Negarit Gazeta. Addis Ababa: BerhanenaSelam Printing Press.
FDRE. (2010). Growth and Transformation Plan of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa. FDRE.
Fekahmed Negash. (2011). Managing Water for Inclusive and Sustainable Growth in Ethiopia: Key Challenges and Priorities. Mo WR. [Accessed 10 November, 2012). http://erdreport.eu/erd/report.../dev-11-00111researchpapers_negash.pdf.
GWP. (2012). Integrated Water Resources Management: Adaptive Tool for Building Sustainability and Climate Resilience. [Accessed 16 march, 2013).
Hilderbrand, M. E. and Grindle, M. S. (1994). Building Sustainable Capacity: Challenges for the Public Sector. Harvard Institute of International Development. Cambridge.
Hope, K. R. (1987). Administrative Corruption and Administrative Reform in Developing Countries: Corruption and Reform.
IDGEC. (1999). Institutional Dimensions of Global Environmental Change. Bonn. IHDP.
James, M. Acheson. (2006). Institutional Failure in Resource Management. University of Maine.[ Accessed 20 January, 2012]. http://www.annualreviews.org Journals Anthropology Volume 35, 2006.
Jaspers, F. G. W. (2003). Institutional Arrangements for Integrated River Basin Management. Amsterdam: IWA Publishing.
Kothari, C. R. (1990). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques (2nd Ed.). New Delhi: New Age International Publishers.
Mo WR. (1999). Ethiopian Water Resources Management Policy. Addis Ababa. Mo WR.
Mo WR. (2010). Rift Valley Lakes Basin Integrated Resource Development Master Plan Study Lake Hawassa Sub-Basin Integrated Watershed Management Feasibility study: Vol 1. Addis Ababa. Mo WR.
Mukerjee, A. (2004). The Role of Local Authorities in Lake Management. Bhopal: Vallabh Bhawan. Nnan, F., Musinguzi, K. and Scullin, J. (2003). Integrated management of Lake George, Uganda. LAGBIMO.[Accessed 16 December, 2012). http://www.worldlakes.org/uploads/ELLB%20George.Nov2003.pdf.
Oluwu, D. and Smoke, P. (1992). Determinants of Success in Africa Local Government: an Overview. Public Administration and Development.
Oliver, A. (2004). The Role of Public Participation and Citizen Involvement in Lake Basin Management. Central European University. [Accessed 21 January, 2013].
Rebecca, D. (2004). The Role of Communication, Education and Public Awareness in Lake Basin Management. Lake Basin Management Initiative. [Accessed 21 January, 2013]. www.worldlakes.org/uploads/CEPA_draft_22Jun04.pdf.
Sirgut Mitchel, (2006). Achievements and Challenges in the Implementation of Result Oriented Performance Management system in the Ethiopian Federal Civil Service. Addis Ababa.
SNNPRS. (2001). Revised Constitution of the SNNPRS. Hawassa. SNNPRS.
SNNPRS. (2003). SNNPRS, Environmental Protection, Land, Administration and Utilization Proclamation, No. 52/ 2003, Debub Negarit Gazeta. Hawassa: Berhanena Selam Printing Press.
SNNPRS. (2004). SNNPRS, Forest Management, Development and utilization Proclamation, No. 77/ 2004, Debub Negarit Gazeta. Hawassa: Berhanena Selam Printing Press.
SNNPRS. (2004). SNNPRS, Fish Resources Management, Development and Control proclamation, No. 78/ 2004, Debub Negarit Gazeta. Hawassa: Berhanena Selam Printing Press.
SNNPRS. (2007). SNNPRS, Rural Land Administration and Utilization Proclamation, No. 110/2007, Debub Negarit Gazeta. Hawassa: Berhanena Selam Printing Press.
UNCHS. (1997). Partnership in the Water Sector for Cities in Africa: Report of Cape Town Consultations. Nairobi. UNCHS.
UNDP. (2007). Capacity Assessment Practice Note. UNDP. [Accessed 9 December, 2012). http:www.undp-alm.org/sites/default/.../pn_capacity_development1.pdf.
UNEP. (2012). Integrated Water Resources Management Planning Approach for Small Island Developing States. UNEP.
UNESCO. (2004). National Water Development Report for Ethiopia Final. UNESCO. [Accessed12 December, 2012). http://waterwiki.net/images/4/41/ethiopiafull.pdf.
UNU (2011). Transboundary Lake Basin Management: Laurentian and African Great Lakes. Ontario. UNU.
WBI. (2006). Integrated Water Resources Management: Introduction to Principles and Practices. WBI. [Accessed March, 2013). http://www.pacificwater.org/.../IWRM/.../introduction%20to%20iwrm/IWRM.
Yemane Gebreegziabher. (2004). Assessment of Water Balance of Lake Hawassa Catchment. MSc Thesis. International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation Enschede. Netherlands.