Effect of Indiscriminate Charcoal Production on Nigeria Forest Estate
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 7, Issue 6, November 2019, Pages: 144-149
Received: May 30, 2019; Accepted: Jul. 3, 2019; Published: Dec. 2, 2019
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Authors
Odunayo James Rotowa, Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria
Zaccheaus Tunde Egbwole, Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria
Ayobami Akorede Adeagbo, Department of Forest Production and Products, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Oluwasessin Moyinolwa Blessing, Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria
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Abstract
Half of the world’s population, and up to 95 percent in poor countries, rely on solid fuel including biomass fuel and charcoal to meet their energy needs. Fuel wood and charcoal are by far the most heavily consumed energy sources in Nigeria, rural dwellers who are the custodians of forests resources depend solely on it for livelihood and increase in demand for charcoal. Nigeria ranked the highest producer of charcoal in Africa and second in the world and the production trend of charcoal in Nigeria has over the years shown a steady increase yet Nigeria is not among the world leading nations in the exporting of charcoal which means the nation consumes a larger percentage of its annual produce locally. The continuous production is promotional to continuous deforestation and desertification which in-turns are a threat to sustainable environment. Thus the uses of forest trees for charcoal production still represent a threat to the future of the resources in local terms, especially in certain situations with high demand. With adequate forest management, supervision and control practices, however, the growth of charcoal use will no longer have serious impact on forested areas that supply consumption centers. Also, if measures are introduced to improve the supply of raw materials for charcoal production (through tree planting initiatives and participatory forest management), unsustainable production would gradually be replaced by regulated production on a sustainable basis.
Keywords
Charcoal, Deforestation, Desertification, Sustainable Environment, Briquette
To cite this article
Odunayo James Rotowa, Zaccheaus Tunde Egbwole, Ayobami Akorede Adeagbo, Oluwasessin Moyinolwa Blessing, Effect of Indiscriminate Charcoal Production on Nigeria Forest Estate, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy. Vol. 7, No. 6, 2019, pp. 144-149. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20190706.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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