The Role of Government and Private Partnership in Eradicating Street Waste Dumps in Port Harcourt
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2020, Pages: 31-35
Received: Nov. 6, 2019;
Accepted: Feb. 10, 2020;
Published: Mar. 17, 2020
Views 415 Downloads 97
Ozabor Famous, Department of Geography and Environmental Management, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Port-Harcourt, Choba, Nigeria
Obisesan Adekunle, Department of Geography and Environmental Management, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Port-Harcourt, Choba, Nigeria
This study is concerned with unraveling the role of government and private individuals in eradicating street refuse dumps in Port Harcourt city. The study adopted the survey research design and 400 copies of questionnaire were administered in the city. To ensure effective distribution the area was first stratified using the existing land uses. The analysis was done using means and percentages. However, findings include 70% of respondents highlighted that government waste management agency is not efficient in the area, and that this has forced most residents to dump waste indiscriminately along streets in the area. 73% of respondents also suggested that private waste managers charge too high for waste collection. Problems associated with indiscriminate waste disposal in the area includes, untidy streets (90%); Air pollution (73%); Road traffic obstruction (23%); spread of rodents (53%); spread of diseases (82%) etc. The study however concluded that, government and private agencies must partner to combat waste generation problem, the people of Port Harcourt city should be advised on proper waste management techniques such as sorting, burying organic waste etc; there is an urgent need for waste treatment plants at strategic points in the city; stiff fines should be placed on violators in the area.
The Role of Government and Private Partnership in Eradicating Street Waste Dumps in Port Harcourt, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy.
Vol. 8, No. 1,
2020, pp. 31-35.
Ajie, U E & Dienye A (2014). Spatial Data Analysis of Solid Waste Management System in Port Harcourt Metropolis after 100 years of its Existence. FIG Congress 2014 Engaging the Challenges – Enhancing the Relevance. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 16-21 June 2014.
Ewona IO, Osang JE, Obi EO, Udoimuk AB, Ushie PO (2013) Air quality and Environmental Health in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. IQSR J Environ Sci Toxicol Food Technol 6: 55-65.
Ede PN, Obunwo CC, Nkeremechi SC (2010) Air quality studies around some local palm oil mill plants at the Northern fringes of the Niger Delta Area, Nigeria. J Chem Soc Nigeria 35: 6-10.
Ukemenam OS (2014) Causes and consequences of air pollution in Nigeria. South American J Pub Health 2: 298-9.
Tawari CC, Abowel JFN (2012) Air pollution in the Niger Delta Area of Nigeria. Int J Fish Aquat Sci 1: 94-117.
Ibe FC, Njoku PC, Allinnor JI, Opara AI (2016) Evaluation of Ambient Air Quality in parts of Imo State, Nigeria. Res J Chem Sci 6: 41-5.
Akinbamijo, O. B.(1996) Urban Health and Womanhood; the Palpable Linkages in Oruwari, Y. (ed.) Women Development and the Nigeria Environment, Vintage Publishers (Int.) Ltd. Ibadan, Nigeria. 337-343.
Omuta, GE. D (1988), "Urban Solid Waste Generation and Management; Towards an Environmental Sanitation Policy" in P. O Sada and F. O. Odemerho (eds), Environmental Issues and Management in Nigerian Development, Evans Brothers Ltd (Pub), Ibadan.
Sada, P. O. (1984), "Urbanization and Living Conditions in Nigerian Cities;" Research Triangle Institute.
Atuegbu, B. C. (2007). Waste Generation and Management In Enugu City, Unpublished B. Sc. Project, Department of Geography and Regional Planning, University of Benin, Benin City.
Salau, A. T. (1992): “Global Environmental Change: A Research Agenda for Africa. CODESRIA Working Paper 2; 49 pp.
Chukwu, K. E. (2010). Effects of Enugu Urban Environment on the Water Quality of Streams in Nyaba Catchment Area of south Eastern Nigeria. Unpublished Ph. D. Thesis. University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
Uwadiegwu, B. O. & Chukwu. K. E. (2013). Strategies for effective urban solid waste management in Nigeria. European Scientific Journal. 9 (8). ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print) e - ISSN 1857-7431 296.
Ozabor., F & Obaro., H., N (2016) Health effects of poor waste management in Nigeria: A case study of Abraka in Delta State. Int. J. Environment and Waste Management, 18 (3) Pp 195-204.
UNCHS (HABITAT) (1996). An Urbanizing World: Global Report on Human Settlements. Oxford University Press, Oxford 130-270.
Wokekoro E, & Inyang M., P. (2007) Waste Disposal in Low-Income Neighbourhoods and Its Impact on Health: The Case of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. International Conference “Waste Management, Environmental Geotechnology and Global Sustainable Development (ICWMEGGSD'07 - GzO'07)” Ljubljana, SLOVENIA, August 28-30.
Okunola OJ, Uzairu A, Gimba CE, Ndukwe GI (2012) Assessment of Gaseous Pollutants along High Traffic Roads in Kano, Nigeria. Int J Environ Sustainability 1: 1-15.
Nwokocha CO, Edebeatu CC, Okujagu CU (2015) Measurement, Survey and Assessment of Air Quality in Port Harcourt, South – South Nigeria. Int J Adv Res Phys Sci 2: 19-25.
Zagha O, Nwaogazie IL (2015) Roadside Air pollution Assessment in Port-Harcourt, Nigeria. Standard Scie Res Essays 3.
Jayamurugan R, Kumaravel B, Palanivelraja S, Chockalingam MP (2013) Influence of temperature, relative humidity and seasonal variability on ambient air quality in coastal urban area. Int J Atmos Sci 21: 1-7.
Mani PA, Swamy AV, Hema KR (2013) Studies on the Transport Related Pollutants in the Ambient Atmosphere and their Health Impacts on the Roadside Vendors of the Indian city. Eur Chem Bull 2: 28-37.
Okhumode HY (2018) Particle (Soot) Pollution in Port Harcourt Rivers State, Nigeria-Double Air Pollution Burden? Understanding and Tackling Potential Environmental Public Health Impacts. Environ 5: 122-31.
Eludoyin OS, Oderinde FA, Azubuike OJ (2013) Heavy metals concentration under rubber plantation (Hevea brasiliensis) in Hydromophic Soil of South-south Region of Nigeria. Ife Research Publications in Geography (IRPG) 12: 107-19.
Weli VE (2014) Atmospheric Concentration of Particulate Pollutants and its Implications for Respiratory Health Hazard Management in Port Harcourt Metropolis, Nigeria. Civil Environ Res 6: 11-17.
Weli VE, Obisesan A (2014) Meteorological Conditions in the Vicinity of Landfill and Its Implications for Atmospheric Pollutant Stagnation in Rumuolumeni, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. J Nat Sci Res 4: 51-64.
Afa, J. T. (2010). Subsoil Temperature and Underground Cable Distribution in Port Harcourt City. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 2 (6), 527-531.
Weli VE, Ayoade JO (2014) Seasonal analysis of atmospheric pollutants concentrations in urban and rural land-use areas of Rivers State, Nigeria. Int J Environ Pollut Res 2: 1-16.