Survey on Traditional Beekeeping and Honey Production in Biu and Its Environs, North – Eastern Nigeria
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 5, Issue 6-1, December 2017, Pages: 8-16
Received: Feb. 17, 2017; Accepted: Feb. 18, 2017; Published: Aug. 21, 2017
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Authors
Gwana Adamu Mohammed, Laboratory Unit, Department of Animal Health and Production, Mohamet Lawan College of Agriculture, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Aja Makinta, Laboratory Unit, Department of Animal Health and Production, Mohamet Lawan College of Agriculture, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Buhari Bagudu Yawuri, Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic, Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria
Effiong Edet Bassey, Department of Applied Microbiology and Brewing, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Fatima Haroun, Department of Basic Science and Technology, Mohamet Lawan College of Agriculture, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Umar Mustapha Marte, Laboratory Unit, Department of Animal Health and Production, Mohamet Lawan College of Agriculture, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Kadai Kur Idris, Laboratory Unit, Department of Animal Health and Production, Mohamet Lawan College of Agriculture, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Musa Samuel, Laboratory Unit, Department of Animal Health and Production, Mohamet Lawan College of Agriculture, Maiduguri, Nigeria
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Abstract
For years in olden times, man depended on gathering and hunting for foods and the favourable climate, but recently, the coming of many scientific, technological and engineering, innovations and the clarion call for change and sustainable development, man had improved and modified plants varieties and animal breeds for food security and it consequences. For these reasons, this study was conducted on the survey on traditional honey bee (Apis millifera) keeping and honey production in Biu and its environs. Compound structured closed and opened ended questionnaires and verbal interview were used for data and information ecosystem collection. One hundred and fifty (150) questionnaires were distributed randomly to beekeepers within the communities of Bubalwada, Garwashina and Kirmbula villages in Biu, north – eastern Nigeria, retrieved, statistically analysed and were recorded. It revealed vital information on the demography of the Apiculturists and the traditional honey beekeeping, honey production; male’s youths (83%), married persons (57%), those with formal educational status (68%), business persons (31%), attended secondary level of education (35%), number of house hold size (16 persons and above), have experience in beekeeping (9 years and above), were mostly involved in Apicultural practicing. The study also revealed that most of the Apiculturists in the study area use grass hives for the traditional method (27%), honey bee wax as attractant for new colonies formation (51%), wild honey harvesting (63%) and traditional methods of honey production (68%), rude method of honey processing (61%) and theft of the honey being produced was the most serious problems they encountered were (37%). The majority of the Beekeepers in Biu and its environs sale their honey at retails price (41%) and sales were done in the rural market (47%) inclusively. Youths are urging to engage and participate in this sector of farming, it adds more beauty to the agro – ecosystem - ecology and economic values systems.
Keywords
Attractant, Apis millifera, Beekeeping, Environs, Hive, Honey, Traditional Method
To cite this article
Gwana Adamu Mohammed, Aja Makinta, Buhari Bagudu Yawuri, Effiong Edet Bassey, Fatima Haroun, Umar Mustapha Marte, Kadai Kur Idris, Musa Samuel, Survey on Traditional Beekeeping and Honey Production in Biu and Its Environs, North – Eastern Nigeria, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy. Special Issue:The Role of SLT: Environmental Impact Assessment And Statement Concept. Vol. 5, No. 6-1, 2017, pp. 8-16. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.s.2017050601.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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