The Research on Safety Children’s Travel Route on Child-Friendly City of Netherlands
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 94-98
Received: Dec. 27, 2017;
Published: Dec. 29, 2017
Views 1850 Downloads 62
Cai Liangwa, School of Architecture, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China
Follow on us
The child-friendly urban space does not mean to build a child-dominated block or city, but means to enhance the child-friendly degree of the original block or city through planning, management and other measures. In the case, based on the original city, "child-friendly" blocks shall be established to provide children with a safe social environment, an improved road system for walking and cycling and an attractive environment that can trigger games. In the last century, the concern for the environment of the block and children's rights and needs prompted many countries to conduct a series of block environmental improvement practices. For example, the concepts of Woonerf and Kindlint in Netherlands were both established to ensure that the child can freely, safely and independently get around. They all try to make the needs of children as measurement to achieve the purpose that residential blocks can satisfy the interests of all people and friendly to all users. Based on the concept of "child-friendly city", after the analysis on related cases about the transformation of child-friendly blocks in Amsterdam, Delft and other cities, the paper makes a summary of concepts and implementation methods about planning and design of safe blocks and Kindlint. With a comparison of inadequate related planning in Chinese urban residential areas, it expects to provide useful experience for improving child friendliness of Chinese residential areas and cities.
Safety in Residential Area, Child-Friendly City, Children’s Travel Route (Kindlint), Planning and Design
To cite this article
The Research on Safety Children’s Travel Route on Child-Friendly City of Netherlands, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy.
Vol. 5, No. 6,
2017, pp. 94-98.
UNICEF. National Plan of Action for Children 2004[R]. Hague: Health, Welfare and Sport, 2004.
Kind & Samenleving - Ruimtecel, Kind & Ruimte. Kindgerichte planning van publieke ruimte, Brugge, 2007.
Gemeentedelft. Noordwest deelgebied, Hof van Delft/Voordijkshoom [R]. Delft: Gemeente Delft, 2008.
Tjeerd Deelstra & Eddie Kips. (2009). Een KiSS voor Child street - Een verkenning van de kindvriendelijke straat. Delft: the International Institute for the Urban Environment.
Clarine J. V O. Independent mobility of schoo-aged children in Delft [R]. The Netheriands: Delft University of Technology, 2010.
Ashton, S. J. & Mackay, G. M. (1979). Proceedings of the Conference of the International Research Committee on Biokinetics of Impacts (IRCOBI) on the Biomechanics of Trauma, 5-7 September 1979, Göteborg.
Harm Tilman. (2006). “Brandingals instrument voor stedelijke vernieuwing”. Delft: de Architect.
SPRADON, S. Kindvriendelijke looproutes [D]. The Netherland: Delft University of Technology. 2011.
Marketta Kytta. The extent of children's independent mobility and the number of actualized affordances as criteria for child-friendly environments [J]. Environmental Psychology, 2004, 24(2): 179-198.
Carolyn Whitzman. Policies and practices that promote children's independent mobility [J]. Urban Planning International, 2008, 23(5): 56-61.