Influence of Political Interests on Management of Resource Access in Awoja Watershed
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 6, Issue 5, September 2018, Pages: 85-96
Received: Aug. 28, 2018; Accepted: Nov. 6, 2018; Published: Dec. 26, 2018
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Charles Aben, Department of Extension and Innovation Studies, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
John James Okiror, Department of Extension and Innovation Studies, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Jacob Godfrey Agea, Department of Extension and Innovation Studies, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Esbern Friis Hansen, Danish Institute for International Studies, Copenhagen, Denmark
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This study sought to determine the extent to which local political interests under decentralization influence watershed management. The study was carried out in Soroti, Katakwi and Amuria districts in Eastern Uganda where local governance of watershed resources is being challenged by floods, draughts and mobility of communities. A cross sectional study design using both qualitative and quantitative data collection methods was employed. Factor Analysis and a Logistics Regression Model were used to analyze household survey data gathered from 180 randomly selected households; to determine influence of political factor variables on watershed management. Focus Group Discussions and key informants’ interviews were also used to generate qualitative data with the purpose of explaining the relationships among variables and to analyze the extent to which various factors influenced watershed management. From the correlation results the factors that were significantly correlated to watershed management were: Community involvement in implementation was significantly correlated to watershed management (r=0.289, P<0.01), political interests in decisions r=0.187, P<0.05), Reasons for punishment of offenders (r=0.55, P, 0.001. Results from the logit regression showed that dissatisfaction with regulations had an increasing influence on watershed management by 90.8% (OR=1.908, P<0.05). This means that management systems were highly affected by dissatisfaction of communities with rules and regulations. Similarly, community involvement in implementation of rules and regulations significantly influenced watershed management by 3 fold (OR=3.436537, P<0.05). From the focus group discussions and KII interviews the study found that involving communities in policy implementation had led to compromises between communities and watershed governance institutions, which were perceived to have undermined the effective control of access and management of watershed resource use. The study concludes that some political interest factors and divergent activities of local institutions and actors in the watershed constrained the very processes that they should support thereby escalating degradation in Awoja.
Political Interests, Watershed Management, Climate Change
To cite this article
Charles Aben, John James Okiror, Jacob Godfrey Agea, Esbern Friis Hansen, Influence of Political Interests on Management of Resource Access in Awoja Watershed, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2018, pp. 85-96. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20180605.11
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