Morphometric Analysis of the Banas River Basin Using the Geographical Information System, Rajasthan, India
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 47-54
Received: Sep. 5, 2015;
Accepted: Sep. 24, 2015;
Published: Oct. 10, 2015
Views 6535 Downloads 337
Swatantra Kumar Dubey, Department of Environmental Sciences, Central University of Rajasthan, Bandarsindri, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
Devesh Sharma, Department of Environmental Sciences, Central University of Rajasthan, Bandarsindri, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
Nitika Mundetia, Department of Environmental Sciences, Central University of Rajasthan, Bandarsindri, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
Geographical Information System techniques have been used for the identification of geomorphological features and analyzing the properties of the Banas River basin area in Rajasthan state, India. The Banas basin has covered an area of 51,779 km2. For this study, the Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM) Digital Elevation Model (DEM) is used for evaluation of morphometric components like linear, areal and relief aspects with the help of ArcGIS software. Morphometric analysis of river basin was performed by determining the parameters like drainage area; gradient, relief; linear and aerial aspects. Watershed boundary, flow direction, flow accumulation, flow length, stream ordering have been prepared using hydrological tool and slope-aspect have been prepared using surface tool in ArcGIS. These results may be used in basin management development and hydrological studies.
Swatantra Kumar Dubey,
Morphometric Analysis of the Banas River Basin Using the Geographical Information System, Rajasthan, India, Hydrology.
Vol. 3, No. 5,
2015, pp. 47-54.
Clarke J I, (1996) Morphometry from maps: essay in geomorphology, Elsevier Publ, Co, New York, pp 235–274.
Strahler A N, (1964) Quantitative geomorphology of drainage basins and channel networks In: Chow Ven Te (Ed) Handbook of applied hydro McGraw Hill Book Company, New York.
Nag S K and Chakraborty S (2003) Influence of rock types and structures in the development of drainage network in hard rock area, J Indian Soc Remote Sens 31 (1):25–35.
Magesh N S, Jitheshlal K V, Chandrasekar N and Jini K V (2012b) GIS based morphometric evaluation of Chimmini and Mupily watersheds, parts of Western Ghats, Thrissur District, Kerala, India, Earth Sci Inform 5 (2) :111–121.
Singh S and Singh M C (1997) Morphometric analysis of Kanhar river basin, Nat Geogra J of India 43, 1: 31-43.
Rudraiah M, Govindaiah S and Srinivas V S (2008) Morphometry using remote sensing and GIS techniques in the sub-basins of Kagna river basin, Gulburga district, Karnataka, India, J Indian Soc Remote Sens 36:351–360.
Mesa L M (2006) Morphometric analysis of a subtropical Andean basin (Tucuman, Argentina), Environ Geol 50 (8): 1235–1242.
Basso A, Bruno E, Parise M and Pepe M (2013) Morphometric analysis of sinkholes in a karst coastal area of southern Apulia (Italy), Environmental Earth Sciences 70(6), 2545-2559.
Angillieri M Y E and Perucca L P (2014) Geomorphology and morphometry of the de La Flecha river basin, San Juan, Argentina, Environmental Earth Sciences, 1-11.
Markose V J, Dinesh A C and Jayappa K S (2014) Quantitative analysis of morphometric parameters of Kali River basin, southern India, using bearing azimuth and drainage (bAd) calculator and GIS, Environmental Earth Sciences, 1-17.
Strahler A N (1952) Hypsometric Analysis of Erosional Topography, Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 63, pp 1117-42.
Horton R E (1932) Drainage Basin Characteristics Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 13, pp 350-61.
Schumm S A (1956) Evolution of Drainage Systems & Slopes in Badlands at Perth Anboy, New Jersey, Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 67, pp 597-646.
Horton R E (1945) Erosional Development of Streams and their Drainage Basins, Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 56, pp-275-370.
Hack J T (1957) Studies of longitudinal stream profiles in Virginia and Maryland.
Chorley, RL, (1967) Models in Geomorphology in RJ Chorley and P Haggett (eds), Models in Geography, London pp 59-96.
Miller V C (1953) A quantitative geomorphic study of drainage basin characteristics on the Clinch Mountain area, Virgina and Tennessee, Columbia University, Department of Geology, Technical Report, Number 3, pp 389-402, ONR, New York.
Faniran A (1968) The Index of Drainage Intensity - A Provisional New Drainage Factor, Australian J of Sci 31, pp 328-330.
Melton M A (1957) An Analysis of the relations among Elements of Climate, Surface Properties and Geomorphology, Project NR 389042, Tech Rep 11, Columbia University.
Sreedevi P D, Subrahmanyam K and Shakeel A (2005) The significance of morphometric analysis for obtaining groundwater potential zones in a structurally controlled terrain, J Environ Geol Vol 47, No 3, pp 412–420.
Patton P C and Baker V R (1976) Morphometry and floods in small drainage basins subject to diverse hydrogeomorphic controls, Water Resources Research, 12 (5), 941-952.
Wentworth C K (1930) A Simplified Method of Determining the Average Slope of Land Surfaces, American Journal of Science 21, pp 184-194.
Melton M A (1965) The geomorphic and paleoclimatic significance of alluvial deposits in southern Arizona. The Journal of Geology, 1-38.