Development of a Water Allocation Model for Equitable Water Distribution at Doho Rice Irrigation Scheme, Uganda
Volume 7, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 62-69
Received: Oct. 6, 2019; Accepted: Jan. 2, 2020; Published: Jan. 16, 2020
Views 460      Downloads 159
Erion Bwambale, Civil Engineering Department, Technology, and Innovation (PAUISTI), Pan African University Institute for Basic Sciences, Nairobi, Kenya
Patrick Gathogo Home, Soil, Water and Environmental Engineering Department, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Nairobi, Kenya
James Messo Raude, Soil, Water and Environmental Engineering Department, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Nairobi, Kenya
Joshua Wanyama, Agricultural and Bio-Systems Engineering Department, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Article Tools
Follow on us
The shortage of irrigation water at the tail reaches of Doho Rice Irrigation Scheme especially in the dry season has resulted in decreased rice production. At Doho Rice Irrigation Scheme, water distribution follows a predetermined rotation system where allocated supplies are unknown and the farmer decides how much water they divert to their plot. This has resulted in water inequalities between the tail end and head end blocks of the scheme. The main objective of the study was to develop a water allocation model for equitable distribution of irrigation water taking into account crop growth stages. This study developed an equitable water allocation model by ensuring that the crop water requirements per block are matched with the available supply in the main canal. A water delivery scheduling model was developed to help deliver the decadal irrigation water requirements by grouping different blocks together. The water allocation model gives required irrigation supplies and recommended supplies depending on the crop growth stage and acreage per block. The results from the water delivery scheduling model suggest a 2 days of irrigation per week for the land preparation, development and late seasons and 3 days of irrigation per decade during the high consumptive stages of initial and midseason stages of rice development.
Equitable, Irrigation, Model, Schedule, Seepage
To cite this article
Erion Bwambale, Patrick Gathogo Home, James Messo Raude, Joshua Wanyama, Development of a Water Allocation Model for Equitable Water Distribution at Doho Rice Irrigation Scheme, Uganda, Hydrology. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2019, pp. 62-69. doi: 10.11648/j.hyd.20190704.12
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
FAO. 3. Land and water systems at risk. The State of the World’s land and water resources for Food and Agriculture. Managing systems at risk. 2011. 308 p.
FAO. Water for Sustainable Food and Agriculture: A report produced for the G20 Presidency of Germany. Rome. Italy; 2017.
Wanyama J. Water harvesting and Improved Water Management for Enhancing Agricultural Productivity in Smallholder Irrigation Schemes in Uganda: Case study of Doho Rice Irrigation Scheme. UNESCO-UHE Institute for Water Education; 2007.
Nsubuga FNW, Namutebi EN, Nsubuga-Ssenfuma M. Water Resources of Uganda: An Assessment and Review. J Water Resour Prot. 2014; 06 (14): 1297–315.
Ayella P, Ishii A, Satoh M. A comparative analysis of two paddy irrigation schemes under contrasting water management of participatory and top-down systems in Uganda. Paddy Water Environ. 2019 Apr 6; 1–9.
Angella N. Farmers’ Willingness To Pay For Irrigation Water: The Case Of Doho Rice Irrigation Scheme In Eastern Uganda. Makerere University; 2014.
Nakano Y, Otsuka K. Determinants of household contributions to collective irrigation management: The case of the Doho Rice Scheme in Uganda. Environ Dev Econ. 2011; 16 (5): 527–51.
Sserunkuuma D, Ochom N, Ainembabazi H. Collective Action in Canal Irrigation Systems Management: The Case of Doho Rice Scheme in Uganda. Agric Econ. 2003; (June): 1–22.
Zingaro D, Portoghese I, Pagano A, Giordano R, Vurro M. Migrad: A water allocation model for multi-resources irrigation supply systems in the capitanata district, Italy. WIT Trans Ecol Environ. 2017; 216: 323–34.
Rowshon MK, Amin MSM, Masumoto T, Shariff ARM. Modeling Equitable Water Allocation for a Run-of-the-River Irrigation Scheme. 2nd Int Conf Water Resour Arid Environ. 2006; (April 2015): 1–14.
Steduto P, Theodore c. H, Fereres E, Raes D. Crop yield response to water. Rome, Italy; 2012. Report No.: 66.
Bijan G, Sepaskhah A. Linear and non-Linear Optimization Models For Allocation of a Limited Water Suppy. Irrig Drain. 2004; 54 (July): 39–54.
Haque MA, Najim MMM, Lee TS. Modeling Irrigation Water Delivery Schedule for Rice Cultivation in East Coast Malaysia. 2004; 16 (August): 204–13.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186