IWRM Approaches in Water Resources Management Activities of BMDA, Barind Tract of Bangladesh: ABlooming Effort
Volume 8, Issue 4, December 2020, Pages: 91-97
Received: Nov. 17, 2020;
Accepted: Nov. 27, 2020;
Published: Dec. 8, 2020
Views 83 Downloads 44
Mohammad Iquebal Hossain, Deptartment of Civil Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, Rajshahi, Bangladesh; Barind Multipurpose Development Authority, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Mohammad Niamul Bari, Deptartment of Civil Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Shafi Uddin Miah, Deptartment of Civil Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Mohammad Selim Reza, Department of Economics, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Chowdhury Sarwar Jahan, Department of Geology and Mining, University Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Mohammad Rashidul Hasan, Deptartment of Civil Engineering, Bangladesh Army University of Engineering and Technology, Natore, Bangladesh
Mohammad Ferozur Rahaman, Institute of Environmental Science, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Barind Tract of Bangladesh, located in its North-West region is a drought prone water stressed area facing serious setback in water management for agriculture, drinking, domestic and other uses. Barind Multipurpose Development Authority (BMDA) has been working relentlessly to overcome such hostile situation introducing, devising and adopting various techniques, methods and technologies in an integrated way since 1986. So, the aim of present study is to discuss the attemptsand find the impacts of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) activities taken by BMDA for groundwater and surface water augmentation, rainwater harvesting, drinking water supply and irrigation water management. In this view necessary data and information related to the water resources development and managementactivities were collected from BMDA, field investigation and other sources and analyzed them. The study finds that due to IWRM approaches in water resources augmentation and management activities of BMDA, rainfall dependent single cropped land has been converted multi cropped land, water losses have been reduced, rural people are getting potable drinking water and the desert like Barind Tract area has been converted into a granary one. Attention needs to be given to augment and use more surface water as well as rainwater and maintain the irrigation and drinking water infrastructures on a regular basis for sustainable crop production, drinking and other uses of water.
Mohammad Iquebal Hossain,
Mohammad Niamul Bari,
Shafi Uddin Miah,
Mohammad Selim Reza,
Chowdhury Sarwar Jahan,
Mohammad Rashidul Hasan,
Mohammad Ferozur Rahaman,
IWRM Approaches in Water Resources Management Activities of BMDA, Barind Tract of Bangladesh: ABlooming Effort, Hydrology.
Vol. 8, No. 4,
2020, pp. 91-97.
K. M. Ahmed, “Barind Tract”, Banglapedia, National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Retrieved from (http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Barind_Tract), 2006.
M. Ahmeduzzaman, K. Shantanu., A. Asad, “A Study on Ground Water Fluctuation at Barind Area, Rajshahi”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA), 2012, Vol. 2, Issue 6, pp. 1465-1470.
Barind Multipurpose Development Authority (BMDA), “Barind Authority: Past-Present, 2006.
I. Matin, “Groundwater of barind tract-its condition and potentiality”, 33rd AnnualConvention ofInstitution of Enginners, Bangladesh, Dhaka, March 27-30, 1989.
R. A. Khandoker, “Origin of elevated BarindMadhupur areas, Bengal Basin: Results of neotectonic activities”, Bangladesh Journal of Geology, 1987, 6: 1-9.
IWM (Institute of Water Modelling),“Groundwater Model Study for Deep Tubewell Installation Project in Barind Area”, 2006, Final Report, Volume-III.
BMDA (Barind Multipurpose Development Authority), “Final Report on BarindEnvironmental Action Plan (BEAP)”, 2003.
BMDA (Barind Multipurpose Development Authority), “Development Activities of BMDA, Rajshahi, Bangladesh”, 2018.
IWM (Institute of Water Modelling),“Groundwater Resources Study and Decision Support System Development of Rajshahi, Naogaon, ChapaiNawabganj, Pabna and Natore Districts and Also RemainingDistrict of Rajshahi Division through Mathematical Model Study for Barind Integrated AreaDevelopment Project, Phase-III”, 2012, Final Report, Volume I.
M. Rahman and A. Q. M. Mahbub, “Groundwater Depletion with Expansion of Irrigation in Barind Tract: A Case Study of TanoreUpazila”, Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 2012, 4, 575-567, doi.org/10.4236/jwarp.2012.48066).
M. I. Hossain, N. Bari, S. U. Miah, “Operational Constraints in Conventional Managed Aquifer Recharge in Barind Area at North-Western Region of Bangladesh”, Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Planning, Architechture& Civil Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, Rajshahi, 07-09 February, 2019a.
C. S. Jahan, Q. H. Mazumder, M. I. Adham, M. M. A. Hossain, Al-M. Haque, “Study on Groundwater Recharge Potentiality of Barind Tract, Rajshahi District, Bangladesh Using GIS and Remote Sensing Technique”, Journal of Geological Society of India, 2010a 75: 432-438.
C. S. Jahan, A. T. M. S. Rahman, Q. H. Mazumder and M. Kamruzzaman, “Adaptation for Climate Change Effect on Groundwater Resource through MAR Technique in Drought Prone Barind Area, Rural Bangladesh”. In S. M. Ali (Ed.), Bangladesh: Combating Land Degradation and Drought. Dhaka: Series-II, Department of Environment (DoE), Ministry of Environment (MoEF), GoB, 2015, 61-83, ISBN 978-984-33-9991-5.
A. H. M. R. Imon and M. Ahmed,“Water Level Trend in Barind Area”, Malaysian Journal of Mathematical Sciences, 2013, 7 (1), pp (1-15).
BMDA (Barind Multipurpose Development Authority), “Development Activities of BMDA, Rajshahi, Bangladesh”, 2019.
A. T. M. S. Rahman, C. S. Jahan, Q. H. Mazumder, M. Kamruzzaman, T. Hosono, “Drought Analysis and its Implication in Sustainable Water Resource Management in Barind Area, Bangladesh”, Journal of Geological Society of India, 2017, 89 (1), 47-56. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12594-017-0557-3.
M. A. Mojid, M. F. Parvez, M. Mainuddin, G. Hodgson, “Water Table Trend—ASustainability Status of Groundwater Development in North-West Bangladesh”, Water, MDPI Publishing, 2019, doi.org/10.3390/w11061182.
M. R. Islam, C. S. Jahan, M. F. Rahman, Q. H. Mazumder, “Governance status in watermanagement institutions in Barind Tract, Northwest Bangladesh: an assessment based on stakeholder’s perception”, Sustainable Water Resources Management, 2020, 6: 21, doi.org/10.1007/s40899-020-00371-1.
GWP (Global Water Partnership),“Integrated Water Resources Management, 2000, TAC Background Papers No. 4, Global Water Partnership: Stockholm. 67 p.
Md. Mosiur Rahman, A. H. M. Kamal, Abdullah and Md. Shafi Uddin Miah, “Study on the Irrigation waterdistribution system developed by Barind Multipurpose Development Authority”, Journal of the Bangladesh Association of Young Researchers (JBAYR), 2011, Volume 1, Number 2, June 2011, Page: 63-71.
BMDA (Barind Multipurpose Development Authority), “Development Project Proposal of Command Area Extension and DevelopmentProject”, 2010.
Asaduzzaman, “Replication of the Barind Model to Muhuri Irrigation Project. Moving from Water Problemsto Water Solutions: Research Needs Assessment for the Eastern Gangetic Plains”, Proceedings of the International Workshop held at the National Agricultural Science Complex (NASC), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi, India, May 7-8, 2013.
Md. A. Kasem, “The economics of prepaid irrigation: Barind Multipurpose DevelopmentAuthority (BMDA) perspective - PhD Thesis”, 2009, Atlantic National University 5543, 1/2 Santa Anita Avenue, Temple City California, CA- 91780 USA.