Finite Element Analysis of Tidal Currents over the Red Sea
Hydrology
Volume 1, Issue 2, September 2013, Pages: 12-17
Received: Sep. 8, 2013; Published: Oct. 30, 2013
Views 2811      Downloads 194
Authors
Samir Abohadima, Cairo University, Faculty of Engineering, Dept, of Math, and Eng, Physics
Karim Ahmed Rakha, Cairo University, Faculty of Engineering, Dept, of Irrigation and Hydraulics
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
Hydrodynamic models represent the core of any simulation for water quality, siltation, and morphology studies. In this study a finite element model was setup for the Red Sea to predict the tidal currents and tidal water level variations. The boundary for the model is located at the Straits of Bab-al-Mandeb. The model was simulated using two dimensional depth averaged model with an element size varying from 15 km to less than 1 km. The model was shown to provide good results for the water level variations at many stations in the Red Sea.
Keywords
Finite Element, Red Sea, Unstructured Grid, Tidal Currents and Tides
To cite this article
Samir Abohadima, Karim Ahmed Rakha, Finite Element Analysis of Tidal Currents over the Red Sea, Hydrology. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2013, pp. 12-17. doi: 10.11648/j.hyd.20130102.11
References
[1]
A. Defant, Physical Oceanography, Pergamon Press, New York, translated from Dynamische Oceanographie, J.Springer, Berlin, 1961.
[2]
S.A. Morcos, Physical and chemical oceanography of the Red Sea oceanography Marine Biolog, 1970.
[3]
T. S. Murty, and M. I. El-Sabah, "Modelling of the movement of oil slicks in the Inner Gulf of the Kuwait Action Plan Region during stormy periods: Application to the Nowruz spill", UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 70, 1985, pp. 279–298.
[4]
A. Bower, and D. Fratantoni, "Johns, W., and Peters, H., Gulf of Aden eddies and their impact on Red Sea water", Geophysical Research Letters. Vol. 29, No 21, 2002, pp. 21.1-21.4.
[5]
R. Manasrah and M .Badran, H. Lass and W. Fennel., "Circulation and winter deep water formation in the northern red sea", Oceanologia, 46(1), 2004, pp. 5- 23.
[6]
Mark Siddall, Understanding the Red Sea response to Sea Level, Southampton oceanography centre, 2004.
[7]
A. Bower, W. Johns, D. Fratantoni, and H. Peters, "Gravitational and dynamical adjustment of the Red Sea outflow water in the western Gulf of Aden", Geophysical Research, Vol. 7, 2005,. pp. 1963–1985.
[8]
T. Riad, "Study of the tidal currents and water level variations along the Red sea", M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo university, 2007.
[9]
M. Zaki, "Combined wind and density-driven circulation in enclosed seas with variable Coriolis parameter", Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 42, 1995, pp. 433–446.
[10]
M. El-Shabrawy, K. Fasseih, and M. Zaki, "A Barotropic Model of the Red Sea Circulation", ISRN Civil Engineering, Volume 2012, 2012, pp. 1- 11.
[11]
I.P. King, "A Finite Element Model for Three Dimensional Hydrodynamic Systems", report prepared by Resource Management Associates, Lafayette California, for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, Mississippi, 1988.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186