Analyses of Prevalence of Mental Illness and Associated Characteristics in Anambra State
Biomedical Statistics and Informatics
Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2017, Pages: 4-9
Received: Dec. 22, 2016;
Accepted: Jan. 3, 2017;
Published: Jan. 24, 2017
Views 2614 Downloads 87
Igweze Amechi Henry, Department of Mathematics/Statistics, School of Applied Sciences, Delta State Polytechnic, Ogwashi-Uku, Nigeria
Ashinze Akudo Nwankpa, Department of Mathematics/Statistics, School of Applied Sciences, Delta State Polytechnic, Ogwashi-Uku, Nigeria
Edike Collins Cornelius, Department of Mathematics/Statistics, School of Applied Sciences, Delta State Polytechnic, Ogwashi-Uku, Nigeria
This study on the prevalence of mental illness and associated characteristics in Anambra State was aimed at determining the prevalence of mental illness by age, sex and period of the year. It was also aimed at determining the relationship between mental illness diagnosis and the studied characteristics. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test of association and the ordinal logistic regression were employed in the study. The results presented show that a significant association exist between mental illness and sex. Also a significant association was found to exist between mental illness and age of patients. This was also visible in the pattern of manifestation of mental illness as mental illness was found to reduce as age increases. On the average, the second quarter of the year was found to have the highest prevalence of mental illness in the study area. On the other hand, even when the first and second quarter proved to be significantly related with mental illness diagnosis, the chi-square test of association shows that there is no significant association between mental illness diagnosis and the period of the years the diagnosis was made. In conclusion, mental illness was found to have significant effect on demographic characteristics but partially with seasonal variations.
Igweze Amechi Henry,
Ashinze Akudo Nwankpa,
Edike Collins Cornelius,
Analyses of Prevalence of Mental Illness and Associated Characteristics in Anambra State, Biomedical Statistics and Informatics.
Vol. 2, No. 1,
2017, pp. 4-9.
Collins, P. Y., Patel, V., Joestl, S. S., March, D., Insel, T. R., Daar, A. S. (2011). Grand challenges in global mental health: A consortium of researchers, advocates and clinicians announces here research priorities for improving the lives of people with mental illness around the world, and calls for urgent action and investment. Nature, 475 (7354), 27-30.
Becker, A. E., & Kleinman, A. (2013). Mental health and the global agenda. New England Journal of Medicine, 369 (1), 66-73.
World Health Organization. (2003). The Mental Health Context: Mental Health Policy and Service Guidance Package. Geneva: WHO
Okasha, A. (2002). Mental health in Africa: The role of the WPA. World Psychiatry, 1(1), 32.
Monteiro, N. M (2015). Addressing Mental Illness in Africa: Global Health Challenges and Local Opportunities. Psych. Glob. Persp. Vol 1 (2):78–95.
Aguocha, C. M., Uwakwe, R. U., Duru, C. B., Diwe, K. C., Aguocha, J. K., Enwere, K. O. and Olose, E. O. (2015). Prevalence and Socio-demographic Determinants of Depression among Patients Attending HIV/AIDS Clinic in a Teaching Hospital in Imo State, Nigeria. American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine, vol. 3 (6): 106-112.
Bromet, E., Bruffaerts, R., Girolamo, G., Fayyad, J., Gureje, O., Haro, J. M., Kawakami, N., Levinson, D., Oakley Browne, M. A., Ormel, J., Posada-Villa, J., Williams, D. R and Kessler, R. C (2009). Mental disorders and termination of education in high-income and low- and middle-income countries: epidemiological study. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 194: 411–417.
Burke-Miller, J. K., Cook, J. A., Grey, D. D., Razzano, L. A and Taylor, A (2006). Demographic Characteristics and Employment among People with Severe Mental Illness in a Multisite Study.
Herman, A. A., Stein, D. J., Seedat, S., Heeringa, S. G., Moomal, h., Williams, D. R (2009). The South African Stress and Health (SASH) study: 12-month and lifetime prevalence of common mental disorders. S. Afr Med J; 99: 339-344.
Lawal, M. A., Mosaku, S. K., Ola, B. A and Morakinyo, O. (2014). Prevalence, Pattern and Factors Associated with Psychiatric Disorders among PersonsArrested for Violent Crimes in Ife/Modakeke Area, Southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science, 4: 535-543.
Mbadiwe, O., Agomoh, A. & Efiong, J. (2010) Bipolar Disorder in Enugu, South East Nigeria: Demographic and diagnostic characteristics of patients Psychiatria Danubina, Vol. 22 (1): 152–157.
Nordin, N. M., Yaacob, S. N. and Sabran, M. S (2010). A Study on Selected Demographic Characteristics and Mental Health of Young Adults in Public Higher Learning Institutions in Malaysia. Global Journal of Health Science Vol. 2 (2).
Saleem, S., Mahmood, Z. and Madeha Naz (2013). Mental Health Problems in University Students: A Prevalence Study. Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 7(2): 24-130.